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Colette, A. (author), Andersson, C. (author), Manders, A. (author), Mar, K. (author), Mircea, M. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Raffort, V. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Adani, M. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Bergström, R. (author), Briganti, G. (author), Butler, T. (author), Cappelletti, A. (author), Couvidat, F. (author), d' Isidoro, M. (author), Doumbia, T. (author), Fagerli, H. (author), Granier, C. (author), Heyes, C. (author), Klimont, Z. (author), Ojha, N. (author), Otero, N. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Sindelarova, K. (author), Stegehuis, A.I. (author), Roustan, Y. (author), Vautard, R. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), Garcia Vivanco, M. (author), Wind, P. (author)
The EURODELTA-Trends multi-model chemistry-transport experiment has been designed to facilitate a better understanding of the evolution of air pollution and its drivers for the period 1990-2010 in Europe. The main objective of the experiment is to assess the efficiency of air pollutant emissions mitigation measures in improving regional-scale...
article 2017
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Snelder, M. (author), Calvert, S. (author)
Adverse weather conditions regularly lead to severe congestion and large travel time delays on road networks all over the world. Different climate scenarios indicate that in the future adverse weather conditions are likely to become more frequent, last longer and will be more extreme. Although climate mitigation measures are being taken, it...
article 2016
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Sabel, C.E. (author), Hiscock, R. (author), Asikainen, A. (author), Bi, J. (author), Depledge, M. (author), Van Den Elshout, S. (author), Friedrich, R. (author), Huang, G. (author), Hurley, F. (author), Jantunen, M. (author), Karakitsios, S.P. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Kingham, S. (author), Kontoroupis, P. (author), Kuenzli, N. (author), Liu, M. (author), Martuzzi, M. (author), Morton, K. (author), Mudu, P. (author), Niittynen, M. (author), Perez, L. (author), Sarigiannis, D. (author), Stahl-Timmins, W. (author), Tobollik, M. (author), Tuomisto, J. (author), Willers, S. (author)
Background: Climate change is a global threat to health and wellbeing. Here we provide findings of an international research project investigating the health and wellbeing impacts of policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in urban environments. Methods: Five European and two Chinese city authorities and partner academic organisations formed...
article 2016
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de Koning, A. (author), Kleijn, R. (author), Huppes, G. (author), Sprecher, B. (author), van Engelen, G. (author), Tukker, A. (author)
Low-carbon energy systems are more metal-intensive than traditional energy systems. Concerns have been expressed that this may hamper the transition to a low-carbon economy. We estimate the required extraction of Fe, Al, Cu, Ni, Cr, In, Nd, Dy, Li, Zn, and Pb until 2050 under several technology-specific low-carbon scenarios. Annual metal demand...
article 2018
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Marecal, V. (author), Peuch, V.H. (author), Andersson, C. (author), Arteta, J. (author), Beckmann, M. (author), Benedictow, A. (author), Bergstrom, R. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Cansado, A. (author), Cheroux, F. (author), Colette, A. (author), Coman, A. (author), Curier, R.L. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Drouin, A. (author), Elbern, H. (author), Emili, E. (author), Engelen, R.J. (author), Eskes, H.J. (author), Foret, G. (author), Friese, E. (author), Gauss, M. (author), Giannaros, C. (author), Guth, J. (author), Joly, M. (author), Jaumouille, E. (author), Josse, B. (author), Kadygrov, N. (author), Kaiser, J.W. (author), Kjajsek, K. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Kumar, U. (author), Liora, N. (author), Lopez, E. (author), Malherbe, L. (author), Martinez, L. (author), Melas, D. (author), Meleux, F. (author), Menut, L. (author), Moinat, P. (author), Morales, T. (author), Parmentier, J. (author), Piacentini, A. (author), Plu, M. (author), Poupkou, A. (author), Queguiner, S. (author), Robertson, L. (author), Rouil, L. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Sofiev, M. (author), Tarasson, L. (author), Thomas, M. (author), Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Valdebenito, A. (author), van Velthoven, P. (author), van Versendaal, R. (author), Vira, J. (author), Ung, A. (author)
This paper describes the pre-operational analysis and forecasting system developed during MACC (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate) and continued in the MACC-II (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate: Interim Implementation) European projects to provide air quality services for the European continent. This system is based on...
article 2015
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Sliggers, J. (author), Brinksma, E. (author), de Graaff, E. (author), van Zyl, P.S. (author)
Verder dan dat autobanden zwart zijn gaat de kennis niet bij de gemiddelde Nederlander. Zo is slechts vijf tot 10 procent van de automobilisten bekend met het bandenlabel. Onterecht, want banden bepalen voor een groot deel de prestaties van de auto, zoals remweg en brandstofgebruik. De voordelen van kwalitatief betere banden zijn veel groter dan...
article 2015
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Schmale, J. (author), Henning, S. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Keskinen, H. (author), Sellegri, K. (author), Ovadnevaite, J. (author), Bougiatioti, A. (author), Kalivitis, N. (author), Stavroulas, I. (author), Jefferson, A. (author), Park, M. (author), Schlag, P. (author), Kristensson, A. (author), Iwamoto, Y. (author), Pringle, K. (author), Reddington, C. (author), Aalto, P. (author), Äijälä, M. (author), Baltensperger, U. (author), Bialek, J. (author), Birmili, W. (author), Bukowiecki, N. (author), Ehn, M. (author), Fjæraa, A.M. (author), Fiebig, M. (author), Frank, G. (author), Fröhlich, R. (author), Frumau, A. (author), Furuya, M. (author), Hammer, E. (author), Heikkinen, L. (author), Herrmann, E. (author), Holzinger, R. (author), Hyono, H. (author), Kanakidou, M. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author), Kinouchi, K. (author), Kos, G. (author), Kulmala, M. (author), Mihalopoulos, N. (author), Motos, G. (author), Nenes, A. (author), O'Dowd, C. (author), Paramonov, M. (author), Petäjä, T. (author), Picard, D. (author), Poulain, L. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Slowik, J. (author), Sonntag, A. (author), Swietlicki, E. (author), Svenningsson, B. (author), Tsurumaru, H. (author), Wiedensohler, A. (author), Wittbom, C. (author), Ogren, J.A. (author), Matsuki, A. (author), Yum, S.S. (author), Myhre, C.L. (author), Carslaw, K. (author), Stratmann, F. (author), Gysel, M. (author)
Cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) number concentrations alongside with submicrometer particle number size distributions and particle chemical composition have been measured at atmospheric observatories of the Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure (ACTRIS) as well as other international sites over multiple years. Here,...
article 2017
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Fu, G. (author), Xiang Lin, H. (author), Heemink, A. (author), Lu, S. (author), Segers, A. (author), van Velzen, N. (author), Lu, T. (author), Xu, S. (author)
In this study, we investigate a strategy to accelerate the data assimilation (DA) algorithm. Based on evaluations of the computational time, the analysis step of the assimilation turns out to be the most expensive part. After a study of the characteristics of the ensemble ash state, we propose a mask-state algorithm which records the sparsity...
article 2017
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Fernández, A.J. (author), Apituley, A. (author), Veselovskii, I. (author), Suvorina, A. (author), Henzing, J. (author), Pujadas, M. (author), Artíñano, B. (author)
This article presents a study of aerosol optical and microphysical properties under different relative humidity (RH) but well mixed layer conditions using optical and microphysical aerosol properties from multi-wavelength (MW) Raman lidar and in-situ aerosol observations collected at the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR)....
article 2015
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de Leeuw, G. (author), Holzer-Popp, T. (author), Bevan, S. (author), Davies, W.H. (author), Descloitres, J. (author), Grainger, R.G. (author), Griesfeller, J. (author), Heckel, A. (author), Kinne, S. (author), Klüser, L. (author), Kolmonen, P. (author), Litvinov, P. (author), Martynenko, D. (author), North, P. (author), Ovigneur, B. (author), Pascal, N. (author), Poulsen, C. (author), Ramon, D. (author), Schulz, M. (author), Siddans, R. (author), Sogacheva, L. (author), Tanré, D. (author), Thomas, G.E. (author), Virtanen, T.H. (author), von Hoyningen Huene, W. (author), Vountas, M. (author), Pinnock, S. (author)
Satellite data are increasingly used to provide observation-based estimates of the effects of aerosols on climate. The Aerosol-cci project, part of the European Space Agency's Climate Change Initiative (CCI), was designed to provide essential climate variables for aerosols from satellite data. Eight algorithms, developed for the retrieval of...
article 2015
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Schlag, P. (author), Rubach, F. (author), Mentel, T.F. (author), Reimer, D. (author), Canonaco, F. (author), Henzing, J.S. (author), Moerman, M. (author), Otjes, R. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Rohrer, F. (author), Rosati, B. (author), Tillmann, R. (author), Weingartner, E. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author)
Ambient measurements of PM1 aerosol chemical composition at Cabauw, the Netherlands, implicate higher ammonium concentrations than explained by the formation of inorganic ammonium salts. This additional particulate ammonium is called excess ammonium (eNH 4). Height profiles over the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) tower...
article 2017
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von Schneidemesser, E. (author), Coates, J. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) are detrimental to human health owing to the
article 2016
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Schenk, T. (author), Vogel, R.A.L. (author), Maas, N. (author), Tavasszy, L.A. (author)
Joint fact-finding has been advanced as a method for helping stakeholders grappling with technically intensive policy and planning challenges to collaboratively engage in research and arrive at shared sets of facts to inform their decision-making. This paper introduces joint fact-finding and considers its application in the context of...
article 2016
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Keuken, M.P. (author), Moerman, M. (author), Zandveld, P. (author), Henzing, J.S. (author)
Total and size-resolved particle number and black carbon concentrations were investigated in urban areas of the city of Rotterdam (the Netherlands) situated near an industrial area. Several monitoring campaigns were conducted in the period 2011-2014 at three local locations and at a regional background site. Black carbon levels showed minor...
article 2015
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Downward, G.S. (author), Hu, W. (author), Rothman, N. (author), Reiss, B. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Wu, G. (author), Wei, F. (author), Xu, J. (author), Seow, W.J. (author), Chapman, R.S. (author), Lan, Q. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Exposure to crystalline silica (quartz) has been implicated as a potential cause of the high lung cancer rates in the neighbouring counties of Xuanwei and Fuyuan, China, where the domestic combustion of locally sourced “smoky” coal (a bituminous coal) is responsible for some of the highest lung cancer rates in the nation, irrespective of gender...
article 2017
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Elordui-Zapatarietxe, S. (author), Fettig, I. (author), Philipp, R. (author), Gantois, F. (author), Lalère, B. (author), Swart, C. (author), Petrov, P. (author), Goenaga-Infante, H. (author), Vanermen, G. (author), Boom, G. (author), Emteborg, H. (author)
One of the unresolved issues of the European Water Framework Directive is the unavailability of realistic water reference materials for the organic priority pollutants at low nanogram-per-liter concentrations. In the present study, three different types of ready-to-use water test materials were developed for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ...
article 2015
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Zenone, T. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Brilli, F. (author), Fransen, E. (author), Gioli, B. (author), Portillo-Estrada, M. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Ceulemans, R. (author)
The emission of isoprene and other biogenic volatile organic compounds from vegetation plays an important role in tropospheric ozone (O3) formation. The potentially large expansion of isoprene emitting species (e.g., poplars) for bioenergy production might, therefore, impact tropospheric O3 formation. Using the eddy covariance technique we have...
article 2016
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Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Janssens-Maenhout, G. (author), Doring, U. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
The most important climate forcer over the period 1750-present is CO2 from fossil fuel combustion (IPCC, 2013). European countries that are Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) submit national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories to the Climate Change secretariat. However, these reported emissions are annual...
article 2017
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Schlag, P. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author), Johannes Blom, M. (author), Canonaco, F. (author), Sebastiaan Henzing, J. (author), Moerman, M. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Holzinger, R. (author)
Intensive measurements of submicron aerosol particles and their chemical composition were performed with an Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) at the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) in Cabauw, the Netherlands, sampling at 5m height above ground. The campaign lasted nearly 1 year from July 2012 to June 2013 as...
article 2016
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Schaap, M. (author), Banzhaf, S. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author)
De uitstoot van SO2, NO en NH3 is niet even snel verminderd. Hierdoor is de atmosferische chemie verandert, waardoor concentraties van reactief stikstof en zwavelcomponenten niet een-op-een met de emissiereducties teruglopen.
article 2015
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