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de Koning, A. (author), Kleijn, R. (author), Huppes, G. (author), Sprecher, B. (author), van Engelen, G. (author), Tukker, A. (author)
Low-carbon energy systems are more metal-intensive than traditional energy systems. Concerns have been expressed that this may hamper the transition to a low-carbon economy. We estimate the required extraction of Fe, Al, Cu, Ni, Cr, In, Nd, Dy, Li, Zn, and Pb until 2050 under several technology-specific low-carbon scenarios. Annual metal demand...
article 2018
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Jansen, M. (author), Kamphuis, C.B.M. (author), Pierik, F.H. (author), Ettema, D.F. (author), Dijst, M.J. (author)
Background: To improve our understanding of the neighborhood environment - physical activity (PA) relationship, it is of importance to assess associations between neighborhood environmental characteristics and neighborhood-based PA. Methods: Participants' (N = 308; 45-65 years) light PA (LPA) and moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) within a 400, 800,...
article 2018
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Andersen, Z.J. (author), Pedersen, M. (author), Weinmayr, G. (author), Stafoggia, M. (author), Galassi, C. (author), Jørgensen, J.T. (author), Sommar, J.N. (author), Forsberg, B. (author), Olsson, D. (author), Oftedal, B. (author), Aasvang, G.M. (author), Schwarze, P. (author), Pyko, A. (author), Pershagen, G. (author), Korek, M. (author), Faire, U.D. (author), Östenson, C.G. (author), Fratiglioni, L. (author), Eriksen, K.T. (author), Poulsen, A.H. (author), Tjønneland, A. (author), Braüner, E.V. (author), Peeters, P.H. (author), Bueno-De-Mesquita, B. (author), Jaensch, A. (author), Nagel, G. (author), Lang, A. (author), Wang, M. (author), Tsai, M.Y. (author), Grioni, S. (author), Marcon, A. (author), Krogh, V. (author), Ricceri, F. (author), Sacerdote, C. (author), Migliore, E. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Sokhi, R. (author), Keuken, M. (author), de Hoogh, K. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Vineis, P. (author), Cesaroni, G. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Raaschou-Nielsen, O. (author)
Background. Epidemiological evidence on the association between ambient air pollution and brain tumor risk is sparse and inconsistent. Methods. In 12 cohorts from 6 European countries, individual estimates of annual mean air pollution levels at the baseline residence were estimated by standardized land-use regression models developed within the...
article 2018
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Ahsmann, B. (author), van Beek, R. (author), van Dord, M. (author), Elias, S. (author), van Golen, B. (author), van Haastrecht, B. (author), Kerssen, M. (author), Lahiri, S. (author), van de Pol, M. (author), Rietveld, E. (author), Spiegeler, H. (author), Steens, R. (author), Sueters, M. (author), Tepper, H. (author), Vlak, J. (author), de Vries, M. (author), Wilhelmus, J. (author), Wittekoek, A. (author), Wyfker, G. (author)
Deze Transitieagenda Maakindustrie is geschreven ter uitwerking van het Grondstoffenakkoord van januari 2017. Dit akkoord wil vóór 2030 een schaalsprong bereiken in de transitie van een lineaire naar een circulaire economie en daarmee een bijdrage leveren aan het bereiken van de doelstellingen van het klimaatakkoord. Met het opstellen van de...
report 2018
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Schrader, F. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Zöll, U. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Brümmer, C. (author)
Long-term monitoring stations for atmospheric pollutants are often equipped with low-resolution concentration samplers. In this study, we analyse the errors associated with using monthly average ammonia concentrations as input variables for bidirectional biosphere-atmosphere exchange models, which are commonly used to estimate dry deposition...
article 2018
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LaCroix, G. (author), Koch, W. (author), Ritter, D. (author), Gutleb, A.C. (author), Larsen, S.T. (author), Loret, T. (author), Zanetti, F. (author), Constant, S. (author), Chortarea, S. (author), Rothen-Rutishauser, B. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Frejafan, E. (author), Hubert, P. (author), Gribaldo, L. (author), Kearns, P. (author), Aublant, J.M. (author), Diabaté, S. (author), Weiss, C. (author), de Groot, A. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
In vitro air–liquid interface (ALI) cell culture models can potentially be used to assess inhalation toxicology endpoints and are usually considered, in terms of relevancy, between classic (i.e., submerged) in vitro models and animal-based models. In some situations that need to be clearly defined, ALI methods may represent a complement or an...
article 2018
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Mamali, D. (author), Mikkilä, J. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Spoor, R. (author), Ehn, M. (author), Petäjä, T. (author), Russchenberg, H. (author), Biskos, G. (author)
Long-term measurements of PM2.5 mass concentrations and aerosol particle size distributions from 2008 to 2015, as well as hygroscopicity measurements conducted over one year (2008–2009) at Cabauw, The Netherlands, are compiled here in order to provide a comprehensive dataset for understanding the trends and annual variabilities of the...
article 2018
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Schmale, J. (author), Henning, S. (author), Decesari, S. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Keskinen, H. (author), Sellegri, K. (author), Ovadnevaite, J. (author), Pöhlker, M. (author), Brito, J. (author), Bougiatioti, A. (author), Kristensson, A. (author), Kalivitis, N. (author), Stavroulas, I. (author), Carbone, S. (author), Jefferson, A. (author), Park, M. (author), Schlag, P. (author), Iwamoto, Y. (author), Aalto, P. (author), Äijälä, M. (author), Bukowiecki, N. (author), Ehn, M. (author), Fröhlich, R. (author), Frumau, A. (author), Herrmann, E. (author), Herrmann, H. (author), Holzinger, R. (author), Kos, G. (author), Kulmala, M. (author), Mihalopoulos, N. (author), Nenes, A. (author), O'Dowd, C. (author), Petäjä, T. (author), Picard, D. (author), Pöhlker, C. (author), Pöschl, U. (author), Poulain, L. (author), Swietlicki, E. (author), Andreae, M. (author), Artaxo, P. (author), Wiedensohler, A. (author), Ogren, J. (author), Matsuki, A. (author), Soo Yum, S. (author), Stratmann, F. (author), Baltensperger, U. (author), Gysel, M. (author)
Aerosol-cloud interactions (ACI) constitute the single largest uncertainty in anthropogenic radiative forcing. To reduce the uncertainties and gain more confidence in the simulation of ACI, models need to be evaluated against observations, in particular against measurements of cloud condensation nuclei (CCN). Here we present a data set - ready...
article 2018
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ten Brink, H. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Otjes, R. (author), Weijers, E. (author)
The visibility on New Year's nights in the Netherlands is low during stagnant weather. This is due to the scattering and absorption of light by the aerosol-smoke from the fireworks. We made an assessment of the responsible aerosol-species. The investigation took place during the New Year's night of 2009. Measurements were made at a regional site...
article 2018
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Markus, A.A. (author), Krystek, P. (author), Tromp, P.C. (author), Parsons, J.R. (author), Roex, E.W.M. (author), de Voogt, P. (author), Laane, R.W.P.M. (author)
We investigated the occurrence of metal-based nanoparticles in a natural system, the river Dommel in the Netherlands. The river itself is well-studied as far as hydrology and water quality is concerned, easily accessible and contains one major wastewater treatment plant discharging onto this river. We sampled water from various locations along...
article 2018
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Colette, A. (author), Andersson, C. (author), Manders, A. (author), Mar, K. (author), Mircea, M. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Raffort, V. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Adani, M. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Bergström, R. (author), Briganti, G. (author), Butler, T. (author), Cappelletti, A. (author), Couvidat, F. (author), d' Isidoro, M. (author), Doumbia, T. (author), Fagerli, H. (author), Granier, C. (author), Heyes, C. (author), Klimont, Z. (author), Ojha, N. (author), Otero, N. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Sindelarova, K. (author), Stegehuis, A.I. (author), Roustan, Y. (author), Vautard, R. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), Garcia Vivanco, M. (author), Wind, P. (author)
The EURODELTA-Trends multi-model chemistry-transport experiment has been designed to facilitate a better understanding of the evolution of air pollution and its drivers for the period 1990-2010 in Europe. The main objective of the experiment is to assess the efficiency of air pollutant emissions mitigation measures in improving regional-scale...
article 2017
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Schmale, J. (author), Henning, S. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Keskinen, H. (author), Sellegri, K. (author), Ovadnevaite, J. (author), Bougiatioti, A. (author), Kalivitis, N. (author), Stavroulas, I. (author), Jefferson, A. (author), Park, M. (author), Schlag, P. (author), Kristensson, A. (author), Iwamoto, Y. (author), Pringle, K. (author), Reddington, C. (author), Aalto, P. (author), Äijälä, M. (author), Baltensperger, U. (author), Bialek, J. (author), Birmili, W. (author), Bukowiecki, N. (author), Ehn, M. (author), Fjæraa, A.M. (author), Fiebig, M. (author), Frank, G. (author), Fröhlich, R. (author), Frumau, A. (author), Furuya, M. (author), Hammer, E. (author), Heikkinen, L. (author), Herrmann, E. (author), Holzinger, R. (author), Hyono, H. (author), Kanakidou, M. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author), Kinouchi, K. (author), Kos, G. (author), Kulmala, M. (author), Mihalopoulos, N. (author), Motos, G. (author), Nenes, A. (author), O'Dowd, C. (author), Paramonov, M. (author), Petäjä, T. (author), Picard, D. (author), Poulain, L. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Slowik, J. (author), Sonntag, A. (author), Swietlicki, E. (author), Svenningsson, B. (author), Tsurumaru, H. (author), Wiedensohler, A. (author), Wittbom, C. (author), Ogren, J.A. (author), Matsuki, A. (author), Yum, S.S. (author), Myhre, C.L. (author), Carslaw, K. (author), Stratmann, F. (author), Gysel, M. (author)
Cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) number concentrations alongside with submicrometer particle number size distributions and particle chemical composition have been measured at atmospheric observatories of the Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure (ACTRIS) as well as other international sites over multiple years. Here,...
article 2017
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Fu, G. (author), Xiang Lin, H. (author), Heemink, A. (author), Lu, S. (author), Segers, A. (author), van Velzen, N. (author), Lu, T. (author), Xu, S. (author)
In this study, we investigate a strategy to accelerate the data assimilation (DA) algorithm. Based on evaluations of the computational time, the analysis step of the assimilation turns out to be the most expensive part. After a study of the characteristics of the ensemble ash state, we propose a mask-state algorithm which records the sparsity...
article 2017
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van Bree, M.W. (author), Chahim, M. (author), de Groot, H.L.F. (author), de Koning, J. (author), Lankhuizen, M.B.M. (author), Manshanden, W.J.J. (author), Stellingwerf, S. (author)
report 2017
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Schlag, P. (author), Rubach, F. (author), Mentel, T.F. (author), Reimer, D. (author), Canonaco, F. (author), Henzing, J.S. (author), Moerman, M. (author), Otjes, R. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Rohrer, F. (author), Rosati, B. (author), Tillmann, R. (author), Weingartner, E. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author)
Ambient measurements of PM1 aerosol chemical composition at Cabauw, the Netherlands, implicate higher ammonium concentrations than explained by the formation of inorganic ammonium salts. This additional particulate ammonium is called excess ammonium (eNH 4). Height profiles over the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) tower...
article 2017
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Downward, G.S. (author), Hu, W. (author), Rothman, N. (author), Reiss, B. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Wu, G. (author), Wei, F. (author), Xu, J. (author), Seow, W.J. (author), Chapman, R.S. (author), Lan, Q. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Exposure to crystalline silica (quartz) has been implicated as a potential cause of the high lung cancer rates in the neighbouring counties of Xuanwei and Fuyuan, China, where the domestic combustion of locally sourced “smoky” coal (a bituminous coal) is responsible for some of the highest lung cancer rates in the nation, irrespective of gender...
article 2017
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Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Janssens-Maenhout, G. (author), Doring, U. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
The most important climate forcer over the period 1750-present is CO2 from fossil fuel combustion (IPCC, 2013). European countries that are Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) submit national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories to the Climate Change secretariat. However, these reported emissions are annual...
article 2017
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Super, I. (author), van der Gon, H.A.C.D. (author), van der Molen, M.K. (author), Sterk, H.A.M. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Peters, W. (author)
Monitoring urban-industrial emissions is often challenging because observations are scarce and regional atmospheric transport models are too coarse to represent the high spatiotemporal variability in the resulting concentrations. In this paper we apply a new combination of an Eulerian model (Weather Research and Forecast, WRF, with chemistry)...
article 2017
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Manders, A.M.M. (author), Builtjes, P.J.H. (author), Curier, L. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Wichink Kruit, R.J. (author), van Pul, W.A.J. (author), Sauter, F.J. (author), van der Swaluw, E. (author), Swart, D.P.J. (author), Douros, J. (author), Eskes, H. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), van Ulft, B. (author), van Velthoven, P. (author), Banzhaf, S. (author), Mues, A.C. (author), Stern, R. (author), Fu, G. (author), Lu, S. (author), Heemink, A. (author), van Velzen, N. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
The development and application of chemistry transpor tmodels has a long tradition. Within the Netherlands the LOTOS–EUROS model has been developed by a consortium of institutes, after combining its independently developed predecessors in 2005. Recently, version 2.0 of the model was released as an open-source version. This paper presents the...
article 2017
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Jedynska, A. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Wang, M. (author), Yang, A. (author), Eeftens, M. (author), Cyrys, J. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Ampe, C. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Cesaroni, G. (author), Forastiere, F. (author), Cirach, M. (author), de Hoogh, K. (author), de Nazelle, A. (author), Nystad, W. (author), Akhlaghi, H.M. (author), Declercq, C. (author), Stempfelet, M. (author), Eriksen, K.T. (author), Dimakopoulou, K. (author), Lanki, T. (author), Meliefste, K. (author), Nieuwenhuijsen, M. (author), Yli-Tuomi, T. (author), Raaschou-Nielsen, O. (author), Janssen, N.A.H. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
Oxidative potential (OP) has been suggested as a health-relevant measure of air pollution. Little information is available about OP spatial variation and the possibility to model its spatial variability. Our aim was to measure the spatial variation of OP within and between 10 European study areas. The second aim was to develop land use...
article 2017
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