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LaCroix, G. (author), Koch, W. (author), Ritter, D. (author), Gutleb, A.C. (author), Larsen, S.T. (author), Loret, T. (author), Zanetti, F. (author), Constant, S. (author), Chortarea, S. (author), Rothen-Rutishauser, B. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Frejafan, E. (author), Hubert, P. (author), Gribaldo, L. (author), Kearns, P. (author), Aublant, J.M. (author), Diabaté, S. (author), Weiss, C. (author), de Groot, A. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
In vitro air–liquid interface (ALI) cell culture models can potentially be used to assess inhalation toxicology endpoints and are usually considered, in terms of relevancy, between classic (i.e., submerged) in vitro models and animal-based models. In some situations that need to be clearly defined, ALI methods may represent a complement or an...
article 2018
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Mamali, D. (author), Mikkilä, J. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Spoor, R. (author), Ehn, M. (author), Petäjä, T. (author), Russchenberg, H. (author), Biskos, G. (author)
Long-term measurements of PM2.5 mass concentrations and aerosol particle size distributions from 2008 to 2015, as well as hygroscopicity measurements conducted over one year (2008–2009) at Cabauw, The Netherlands, are compiled here in order to provide a comprehensive dataset for understanding the trends and annual variabilities of the...
article 2018
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ten Brink, H. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Otjes, R. (author), Weijers, E. (author)
The visibility on New Year's nights in the Netherlands is low during stagnant weather. This is due to the scattering and absorption of light by the aerosol-smoke from the fireworks. We made an assessment of the responsible aerosol-species. The investigation took place during the New Year's night of 2009. Measurements were made at a regional site...
article 2018
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de Koning, A. (author), Kleijn, R. (author), Huppes, G. (author), Sprecher, B. (author), van Engelen, G. (author), Tukker, A. (author)
Low-carbon energy systems are more metal-intensive than traditional energy systems. Concerns have been expressed that this may hamper the transition to a low-carbon economy. We estimate the required extraction of Fe, Al, Cu, Ni, Cr, In, Nd, Dy, Li, Zn, and Pb until 2050 under several technology-specific low-carbon scenarios. Annual metal demand...
article 2018
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Markus, A.A. (author), Krystek, P. (author), Tromp, P.C. (author), Parsons, J.R. (author), Roex, E.W.M. (author), de Voogt, P. (author), Laane, R.W.P.M. (author)
We investigated the occurrence of metal-based nanoparticles in a natural system, the river Dommel in the Netherlands. The river itself is well-studied as far as hydrology and water quality is concerned, easily accessible and contains one major wastewater treatment plant discharging onto this river. We sampled water from various locations along...
article 2018
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Ahsmann, B. (author), van Beek, R. (author), van Dord, M. (author), Elias, S. (author), van Golen, B. (author), van Haastrecht, B. (author), Kerssen, M. (author), Lahiri, S. (author), van de Pol, M. (author), Rietveld, E. (author), Spiegeler, H. (author), Steens, R. (author), Sueters, M. (author), Tepper, H. (author), Vlak, J. (author), de Vries, M. (author), Wilhelmus, J. (author), Wittekoek, A. (author), Wyfker, G. (author)
Deze Transitieagenda Maakindustrie is geschreven ter uitwerking van het Grondstoffenakkoord van januari 2017. Dit akkoord wil vóór 2030 een schaalsprong bereiken in de transitie van een lineaire naar een circulaire economie en daarmee een bijdrage leveren aan het bereiken van de doelstellingen van het klimaatakkoord. Met het opstellen van de...
report 2018
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Fu, G. (author), Xiang Lin, H. (author), Heemink, A. (author), Lu, S. (author), Segers, A. (author), van Velzen, N. (author), Lu, T. (author), Xu, S. (author)
In this study, we investigate a strategy to accelerate the data assimilation (DA) algorithm. Based on evaluations of the computational time, the analysis step of the assimilation turns out to be the most expensive part. After a study of the characteristics of the ensemble ash state, we propose a mask-state algorithm which records the sparsity...
article 2017
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Schlag, P. (author), Rubach, F. (author), Mentel, T.F. (author), Reimer, D. (author), Canonaco, F. (author), Henzing, J.S. (author), Moerman, M. (author), Otjes, R. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Rohrer, F. (author), Rosati, B. (author), Tillmann, R. (author), Weingartner, E. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author)
Ambient measurements of PM1 aerosol chemical composition at Cabauw, the Netherlands, implicate higher ammonium concentrations than explained by the formation of inorganic ammonium salts. This additional particulate ammonium is called excess ammonium (eNH 4). Height profiles over the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) tower...
article 2017
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Downward, G.S. (author), Hu, W. (author), Rothman, N. (author), Reiss, B. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Wu, G. (author), Wei, F. (author), Xu, J. (author), Seow, W.J. (author), Chapman, R.S. (author), Lan, Q. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Exposure to crystalline silica (quartz) has been implicated as a potential cause of the high lung cancer rates in the neighbouring counties of Xuanwei and Fuyuan, China, where the domestic combustion of locally sourced “smoky” coal (a bituminous coal) is responsible for some of the highest lung cancer rates in the nation, irrespective of gender...
article 2017
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Jedynska, A. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Wang, M. (author), Yang, A. (author), Eeftens, M. (author), Cyrys, J. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Ampe, C. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Cesaroni, G. (author), Forastiere, F. (author), Cirach, M. (author), de Hoogh, K. (author), de Nazelle, A. (author), Nystad, W. (author), Akhlaghi, H.M. (author), Declercq, C. (author), Stempfelet, M. (author), Eriksen, K.T. (author), Dimakopoulou, K. (author), Lanki, T. (author), Meliefste, K. (author), Nieuwenhuijsen, M. (author), Yli-Tuomi, T. (author), Raaschou-Nielsen, O. (author), Janssen, N.A.H. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
Oxidative potential (OP) has been suggested as a health-relevant measure of air pollution. Little information is available about OP spatial variation and the possibility to model its spatial variability. Our aim was to measure the spatial variation of OP within and between 10 European study areas. The second aim was to develop land use...
article 2017
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Airaksinen, M. (author), Seppa, I.P. (author), Huovilla, A. (author), Neumann, H.M. (author), Iglar, B. (author), Bosch, P.R. (author)
This paper presents a holistic performance measurement framework for harmonized and transparent monitoring and comparability of the European cities activities during the implementation of Smart City solutions. The work methodology was based on extensive collaboration and communication with European cities in order to develop a set of Key...
conference paper 2017
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Dammers, E. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Haaima, M. (author), Palm, M. (author), Wichink Kruit, R.J. (author), Volten, H. (author), Hansen, A. (author), Swart, D. (author), Erisman, J.W. (author)
Ammonia (NH3) is difficult to monitor at atmospheric concentrations due its high solubility and reac-tivity and the strong spatial and temporal variations of its concentrations. Monitoring is mostly per-formed using passive samplers or filter packs with daily coverage at best. Only at a few sites ammonia is measured with more expensive wet...
article 2017
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Fraters, D. (author), Boom, G.J.F.L. (author), Boumans, L.J.M. (author), de Weerd, H. (author), Wolters, M. (author)
The solute concentration in the subsoil beneath the root zone is an important parameter for leaching assessment. Drainage centrifugation is considered a simple and straightforward method of determining soil solution chemistry. Although several studies have been carried out to determine whether this method is robust, hardly any results are...
article 2017
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Lu, S. (author), Heemink, A. (author), Lin, H.X. (author), Segers, A. (author), Fu, G. (author)
Remote sensing, as a powerful tool for monitoring atmospheric phenomena, has been playing an increasingly important role in inverse modeling. Remote sensing instruments measure quantities that often combine several state variables as one. This creates very strong correlations between the state variables that share the same observation variable....
article 2017
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Hulskotte, J.H.J. (author)
De normering van de uitstoot van luchtverontreinigende stoffen door de zeescheepvaart is geen onderdeel van het Europese luchtbeleid. Europa beperkt zich tot nu toe vooral tot het versterken van het beleid dat in interna-tionaal verband gestalte krijgt. Wat zijn de verwachte effecten van het bestaande beleid op de uitstoot van CO2 en...
article 2017
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Gallocchio, F. (author), Biancotto, G. (author), Cibin, V. (author), Losasso, C. (author), Belluco, S. (author), Peters, R. (author), van Bemmel, G. (author), Cascio, C. (author), Weigel, S. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Gobbo, F. (author), Catania, S. (author), Ricci, A. (author)
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are of interest due to their antimicrobial activity and are seen as potential candidates to replace antibiotics in animal husbandry. A few studies have focused on this new application, but they lack any considerations about residual accumulation of AgNPs in edible animal tissues and animal products. In this research,...
article 2017
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Bosch, P.R. (author), Rovers, V. (author), Schrier, W. (author)
Hoe zorg je dat duurzaamheidsdoelen door iedereen in de gemeentelijke organisatie worden opgepakt? De afdeling Beheer Openbare Ruimte van het Advies en Ingenieursbureau in Almere ontwikkelde een systeem van afdelings- en projectindicatoren om duurzaamheid in alle aspecten van het werk mee te nemen.
article 2017
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Huovila, A. (author), Airaksinen, M. (author), Pinto-Seppa, I. (author), Piira, K. (author), Bosch, P.R. (author), Penttinen, T. (author), Neumann, H.M. (author), Kontinakis, N. (author)
Cities are tackling their economic, social and environmental challenges through smart city solutions. To demonstrate that these solutions achieve the desired impact, an indicator-based assessment system is needed. This paper presents the process of developing CITYkeys performance measurement system for target setting and monitoring. This...
article 2017
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Smedes, F. (author), Rusina, T.P. (author), Beeltje, H. (author), Mayer, P. (author)
Polymers are increasingly used for passive sampling of neutral hydrophobic organic substances (HOC) in environmental media including water, air, soil, sediment and even biological tissue. The equilibrium concentration of HOC in the polymer can be measured and then converted into equilibrium concentrations in other (defined) media, which however...
article 2017
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Vivanco, M.G. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Theobald, M.R. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Pirovano, G. (author), Aulinger, A. (author), Bieser, J. (author), Calori, G. (author), Ciarelli, G. (author), Manders, A. (author), Mircea, M. (author), Aksoyoglu, S. (author), Briganti, G. (author), Cappelletti, A. (author), Colette, A. (author), Couvidat, F. (author), D'Isidoro, M. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Meleux, F. (author), Menut, L. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Rouïl, L. (author), Silibello, C. (author), Thunis, P. (author), Ung, A. (author)
In the framework of the UNECE Task Force on Measurement and Modelling (TFMM) under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), the EURODELTAIII project is evaluating how well air quality models are able to reproduce observed pollutant air concentrations and deposition fluxes in Europe. In this paper the sulphur and nitrogen...
article 2017
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