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Marecal, V. (author), Peuch, V.H. (author), Andersson, C. (author), Arteta, J. (author), Beckmann, M. (author), Benedictow, A. (author), Bergstrom, R. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Cansado, A. (author), Cheroux, F. (author), Colette, A. (author), Coman, A. (author), Curier, R.L. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Drouin, A. (author), Elbern, H. (author), Emili, E. (author), Engelen, R.J. (author), Eskes, H.J. (author), Foret, G. (author), Friese, E. (author), Gauss, M. (author), Giannaros, C. (author), Guth, J. (author), Joly, M. (author), Jaumouille, E. (author), Josse, B. (author), Kadygrov, N. (author), Kaiser, J.W. (author), Kjajsek, K. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Kumar, U. (author), Liora, N. (author), Lopez, E. (author), Malherbe, L. (author), Martinez, L. (author), Melas, D. (author), Meleux, F. (author), Menut, L. (author), Moinat, P. (author), Morales, T. (author), Parmentier, J. (author), Piacentini, A. (author), Plu, M. (author), Poupkou, A. (author), Queguiner, S. (author), Robertson, L. (author), Rouil, L. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Sofiev, M. (author), Tarasson, L. (author), Thomas, M. (author), Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Valdebenito, A. (author), van Velthoven, P. (author), van Versendaal, R. (author), Vira, J. (author), Ung, A. (author)
This paper describes the pre-operational analysis and forecasting system developed during MACC (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate) and continued in the MACC-II (Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate: Interim Implementation) European projects to provide air quality services for the European continent. This system is based on...
article 2015
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Schmale, J. (author), Henning, S. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Keskinen, H. (author), Sellegri, K. (author), Ovadnevaite, J. (author), Bougiatioti, A. (author), Kalivitis, N. (author), Stavroulas, I. (author), Jefferson, A. (author), Park, M. (author), Schlag, P. (author), Kristensson, A. (author), Iwamoto, Y. (author), Pringle, K. (author), Reddington, C. (author), Aalto, P. (author), Äijälä, M. (author), Baltensperger, U. (author), Bialek, J. (author), Birmili, W. (author), Bukowiecki, N. (author), Ehn, M. (author), Fjæraa, A.M. (author), Fiebig, M. (author), Frank, G. (author), Fröhlich, R. (author), Frumau, A. (author), Furuya, M. (author), Hammer, E. (author), Heikkinen, L. (author), Herrmann, E. (author), Holzinger, R. (author), Hyono, H. (author), Kanakidou, M. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author), Kinouchi, K. (author), Kos, G. (author), Kulmala, M. (author), Mihalopoulos, N. (author), Motos, G. (author), Nenes, A. (author), O'Dowd, C. (author), Paramonov, M. (author), Petäjä, T. (author), Picard, D. (author), Poulain, L. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Slowik, J. (author), Sonntag, A. (author), Swietlicki, E. (author), Svenningsson, B. (author), Tsurumaru, H. (author), Wiedensohler, A. (author), Wittbom, C. (author), Ogren, J.A. (author), Matsuki, A. (author), Yum, S.S. (author), Myhre, C.L. (author), Carslaw, K. (author), Stratmann, F. (author), Gysel, M. (author)
Cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) number concentrations alongside with submicrometer particle number size distributions and particle chemical composition have been measured at atmospheric observatories of the Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure (ACTRIS) as well as other international sites over multiple years. Here,...
article 2017
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Fu, G. (author), Xiang Lin, H. (author), Heemink, A. (author), Lu, S. (author), Segers, A. (author), van Velzen, N. (author), Lu, T. (author), Xu, S. (author)
In this study, we investigate a strategy to accelerate the data assimilation (DA) algorithm. Based on evaluations of the computational time, the analysis step of the assimilation turns out to be the most expensive part. After a study of the characteristics of the ensemble ash state, we propose a mask-state algorithm which records the sparsity...
article 2017
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Schlag, P. (author), Rubach, F. (author), Mentel, T.F. (author), Reimer, D. (author), Canonaco, F. (author), Henzing, J.S. (author), Moerman, M. (author), Otjes, R. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Rohrer, F. (author), Rosati, B. (author), Tillmann, R. (author), Weingartner, E. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author)
Ambient measurements of PM1 aerosol chemical composition at Cabauw, the Netherlands, implicate higher ammonium concentrations than explained by the formation of inorganic ammonium salts. This additional particulate ammonium is called excess ammonium (eNH 4). Height profiles over the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) tower...
article 2017
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Zenone, T. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Brilli, F. (author), Fransen, E. (author), Gioli, B. (author), Portillo-Estrada, M. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Ceulemans, R. (author)
The emission of isoprene and other biogenic volatile organic compounds from vegetation plays an important role in tropospheric ozone (O3) formation. The potentially large expansion of isoprene emitting species (e.g., poplars) for bioenergy production might, therefore, impact tropospheric O3 formation. Using the eddy covariance technique we have...
article 2016
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Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Janssens-Maenhout, G. (author), Doring, U. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
The most important climate forcer over the period 1750-present is CO2 from fossil fuel combustion (IPCC, 2013). European countries that are Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) submit national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories to the Climate Change secretariat. However, these reported emissions are annual...
article 2017
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Spreen, J.S. (author), Harmsen, J. (author)
Door vrachtvervoer te verschuiven van de weg naar het spoor valt met relatief weinig inspanning veel CO2-winst te behalen, stellen TNO-onderzoekers. Wel nog even het vervoersaanbod bundelen en zorgen voor een goede dienstregeling.
article 2017
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Manders, A.M.M. (author), Builtjes, P.J.H. (author), Curier, L. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Wichink Kruit, R.J. (author), van Pul, W.A.J. (author), Sauter, F.J. (author), van der Swaluw, E. (author), Swart, D.P.J. (author), Douros, J. (author), Eskes, H. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), van Ulft, B. (author), van Velthoven, P. (author), Banzhaf, S. (author), Mues, A.C. (author), Stern, R. (author), Fu, G. (author), Lu, S. (author), Heemink, A. (author), van Velzen, N. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
The development and application of chemistry transpor tmodels has a long tradition. Within the Netherlands the LOTOS–EUROS model has been developed by a consortium of institutes, after combining its independently developed predecessors in 2005. Recently, version 2.0 of the model was released as an open-source version. This paper presents the...
article 2017
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Sluijk, N. (author)
Er rijden op dit moment bijna 1 miljoen bestelauto’s rond. Met dit grote aantal is de bestelauto het werkpaard van de Nederlandse economie. Keerzijde is het slechte imago op het gebied van duurzaamheid. Elektrisch rijden komt als schoon alternatief daardoor steeds meer in de spotlight te staan, maar de rol is bescheiden omdat de techniek nog...
article 2017
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Fioletov, V. (author), McLinden, C.A. (author), Kharol, S.K. (author), Krotkov, N.A. (author), Li, C. (author), Joiner, J. (author), Moran, M.D. (author), Vet, R. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Denier Van Der Gon, H.A.C. (author)
Reported sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions from US and Canadian sources have declined dramatically since the 1990s as a result of emission control measures. Observations from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA's Aura satellite and ground-based in situ measurements are examined to verify whether the observed changes from SO2 abundance...
article 2017
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Blok, M.M. (author)
Logistics is one of the top sectors in the Netherlands and currently on the rise again. The smart organisation of the flow of goods can help the Netherlands retain its leading position. The use — but even more importantly, the sharing — of data is essential for this. But what information can you give away? And isn't the competition going to take...
article 2017
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Reisch, L.A. (author), Cohen, M.J. (author), Thøgersen, J.B. (author), Tukker, A. (author)
While the field of sustainable consumption research is relatively young, it has already attracted scholars from all corners of the social sciences. The time has come to identify a new research agenda as trends in sustainable consumption research seem to suggest the dawning of a new phase. Not only does research need to be guided, but sustainable...
article 2016
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Dammers, E. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Haaima, M. (author), Palm, M. (author), Wichink Kruit, R.J. (author), Volten, H. (author), Hansen, A. (author), Swart, D. (author), Erisman, J.W. (author)
Ammonia (NH3) is difficult to monitor at atmospheric concentrations due its high solubility and reac-tivity and the strong spatial and temporal variations of its concentrations. Monitoring is mostly per-formed using passive samplers or filter packs with daily coverage at best. Only at a few sites ammonia is measured with more expensive wet...
article 2017
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Koffi, E.N. (author), Bergamaschi, P. (author), Karstens, U. (author), Krol, M. (author), Segers, A. (author), Schmidt, M. (author), Levin, I. (author), Vermeulen, A.T. (author), Fisher, R.E. (author), Kazan, V. (author), Klein Baltink, H. (author), Lowry, D. (author), Manca, G. (author), Meijer, H.A.J. (author), Moncrieff, J. (author), Pal, S. (author), Ramonet, M. (author), Scheeren, H.A. (author), Williams, A.G. (author)
We evaluate the capability of the global atmospheric transport model TM5 to simulate the boundary layer dynamics and associated variability of trace gases close to the surface, using radon (222Rn). Focusing on the European scale, we compare the boundary layer height (BLH) in the TM5 model with observations from the National Oceanic and...
article 2016
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Kadijk, G. (author)
Het blijkt een gouden combinatie: TNO met hun onderzoeksbril en de RDW als kenner van regelgeving en de wereld van de keurmeesters. Het resultaat is een voorstel voor een nieuwe APK-meetprocedure voor de controle van roetfilters. Naar verwachting wordt deze nieuwe emissietest over een paar jaren onderdeel van de APK.
article 2017
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Lu, S. (author), Heemink, A. (author), Lin, H.X. (author), Segers, A. (author), Fu, G. (author)
Remote sensing, as a powerful tool for monitoring atmospheric phenomena, has been playing an increasingly important role in inverse modeling. Remote sensing instruments measure quantities that often combine several state variables as one. This creates very strong correlations between the state variables that share the same observation variable....
article 2017
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John, A.C. (author), Küpper, M. (author), Manders-Groot, A.M.M. (author), Debray, B. (author), Lacome, J.M. (author), Kuhlbusch, T.A.J. (author)
In spite of the still increasing number of engineered nanomaterial (ENM) applications, large knowledge gaps exist with respect to their environmental fate, especially after release into air. This review aims to summarize the current knowledge of emissions and behavior of airborne engineered nanomaterials. The whole ENM lifecycle is considered...
article 2017
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Abida, R. (author), Attié, J.L. (author), El Amraoui, L. (author), Ricaud, P. (author), Lahoz, W. (author), Eskes, H. (author), Segers, A. (author), Curier, L. (author), De Haan, J. (author), Kujanpaä, J. (author), Oude Nijhuis, A. (author), Tamminen, J. (author), Timmermans, R. (author), Veefkind, P. (author)
We use the technique of Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSEs) to quantify the impact of spaceborne carbon monoxide (CO) total column observations from the Sentinel-5 Precursor (S-5P) platform on tropospheric analyses and forecasts. We focus on Europe for the period of northern summer 2003, when there was a severe heat wave episode...
article 2017
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Fu, G. (author), Prata, F. (author), Xiang Lin, H. (author), Heemink, A. (author), Segers, A. (author), Lu, S. (author)
Using data assimilation (DA) to improve model forecast accuracy is a powerful approach that requires available observations. Infrared satellite measurements of volcanic ash mass loadings are often used as input observations for the assimilation scheme. However, because these primary satellite-retrieved data are often two-dimensional (2-D) and...
article 2017
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Hulskotte, J.H.J. (author)
De normering van de uitstoot van luchtverontreinigende stoffen door de zeescheepvaart is geen onderdeel van het Europese luchtbeleid. Europa beperkt zich tot nu toe vooral tot het versterken van het beleid dat in interna-tionaal verband gestalte krijgt. Wat zijn de verwachte effecten van het bestaande beleid op de uitstoot van CO2 en...
article 2017
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