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document
Spreen, J.S. (author), Harmsen, J. (author)
Door vrachtvervoer te verschuiven van de weg naar het spoor valt met relatief weinig inspanning veel CO2-winst te behalen, stellen TNO-onderzoekers. Wel nog even het vervoersaanbod bundelen en zorgen voor een goede dienstregeling.
article 2017
document
de Groot, C. (author), Verweij, K. (author), Vos, G. (author), Hoen, A. (author), Otten, M. (author), den Breejen, J. (author), Pool, J. (author), Schoo, R. (author), van den Engel, A. (author), Kindt, M. (author), Riske, J. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Sluijk, N. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), Verbeek, M.M.J.F. (author)
The delivery van is the workhorse of both companies and the self-employed within the Dutch economy. And with good reason: it is a multifunctional and flexible mode of transport and compared to (smaller) trucks and cars it is allo cheap to buy and use. Moreover, a drivering license B is sufficient to drive a delivery van, which means that many...
report 2017
document
Ligterink, N.E. (author), Smit, T. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author)
The Top Sector Logistics aims to reduce the CO2 emissions resulting from logistics activities. To realize this ambition, an insight is required into aspects including the CO2 emissions of the various transport modes. To date only a limited insight has been available into aspects of the CO2 emissions of rail freight transport. Freight trains are...
report 2017
document
Kok, R. (author), Quak, H.J. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), van Zyl, P.S. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author)
Managing urban areas has become one of the most important development challenges of the 21st century. Urban populations continue to grow and sustainable urbanization is key to successful development. Growing cities facilitate more attractive opportunities for employment, education, and cultural, shopping, social and sport activities. Many cities...
other 2017
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de Groot, C. (author), Verweij, K. (author), Vos, G. (author), Hoen, A. (author), Otten, M. (author), den Breejen, J. (author), Pool, J. (author), Schoo, R. (author), van den Engel, A. (author), Kindt, M. (author), Riske, J. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Sluijk, N. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), Verbeek, M.M.J.F. (author)
De bestelauto is hét werkpaard van bedrijven en zzp'ers in de Nederlandse economie. Niet zonder reden: het vervoermiddel is multifunctioneel en flexibel inzetbaar, en is in vergelijking met (kleinere) vrachtwagens en personenauto's ook nog goedkoop in aanschaf en praktisch in gebruik. Daarnaast volstaat een B-rijbewijs om een bestelauto te mogen...
report 2017
document
Ligterink, N.E. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), Cuelenaere, R.F.A. (author)
In the course of 2015 the driving behaviour boundaries for RDE legislation was discussed and proposed in a technical commission in Brussel. In particular aggressive driving was to be excluded from the RDE test. The original proposal did not reflect the experiences with normal driving in on-road testing in the Netherlands. The proposal would mean...
report 2017
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Ligterink, N.E. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), Mock, P. (author), Tietge, U. (author)
report 2016
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Kadijk, G. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
Om de uitstoot van roetdeeltjes terug te dringen, zijn moderne dieselauto’s uitgerust
report 2016
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Spreen, J.G. (author), Kadijk, G. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
Combustion of diesel fuel in a vehicle’s engine produces
report 2016
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Heijne, V.A.M. (author), Kadijk, G. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), Stelwagen, U. (author)
report 2016
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Spreen, J.S. (author), Kadijk, G. (author), Vermeulen, R.J. (author), Heijne, V.A.M. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Stelwagen, U. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
De Nederlandse emissie-meetprogramma’s
report 2016
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Spreen, J.S. (author), Kadijk, G. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
report 2016
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Kadijk, G. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van Mensch, P. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), Vermeulen, R.J. (author), Vonk, W.A. (author)
Moderne zware Euro VI vrachtwagens stoten in de praktijk gemiddeld een factor 10 minder stikstofoxiden (NOx) uit dan eerdere generaties Euro IV en Euro V vrachtwagens. De emissies van Euro 6 dieselpersonen- en bestelwagens laten echter een heel ander beeld zien. Ondanks voortdurende aanscherping van Europese emissielimieten blijft namelijk de...
report 2015
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Kadijk, G. (author), van Mensch, P. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author)
A study conducted on behalf of the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment reveals that NOx emissions of a number of tested Euro 6 diesel passenger vehicles are significantly higher under real-world conditions than would be expected on the basis of the Euro 6 standard. The Euro 6 standard, which came into force in 2014, has aimed at...
report 2015
document
Kadijk, G. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author)
NOx emissions of vehicles contribute to the ambient NO2 concentration. To gain insight into those NOx emissions, TNO, commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, regularly performs real-world emission measurements on vehicles. The measurements mainly focus on vehicles with diesel engines as their real-world NOx...
report 2015
document
Kadijk, G. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van Mensch, P. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), Vermeulen, R.J. (author), Vonk, W.A. (author)
In real-world conditions, modern Euro VI heavy-duty vehicles produce an average of ten times less nitrogen oxide (NOx)emissions than previous generations of Euro IV and Euro V heavy-duty vehicles. However, Euro 6 passenger cars and light commercial vehicles present an entirely different picture since, despite a continual tightening of European...
report 2015
document
Kadijk, G. (author), Buskermolen, E.G. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author)
NOx emissions of diesel plug-in hybrid passenger car considerably higher than NOx emissions of petrol plug-in hybrids
report 2015
document
Ligterink, N.E. (author), Zyl, S. (author), Verbeek, M. (author), Spreen, J. (author)
PBL uses and maintains the Dutch passenger car fleet model DYNAMO to forecast the vehicle fleet development. This allows PBL to project the effects of policies on the fleet. The original model has to be adapted to the new issues that arise, such as the developments in CO2 emissions of vehicles. In particular, in the Netherlands, the average CO2...
report 2015
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