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LaCroix, G. (author), Koch, W. (author), Ritter, D. (author), Gutleb, A.C. (author), Larsen, S.T. (author), Loret, T. (author), Zanetti, F. (author), Constant, S. (author), Chortarea, S. (author), Rothen-Rutishauser, B. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Frejafan, E. (author), Hubert, P. (author), Gribaldo, L. (author), Kearns, P. (author), Aublant, J.M. (author), Diabaté, S. (author), Weiss, C. (author), de Groot, A. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
In vitro air–liquid interface (ALI) cell culture models can potentially be used to assess inhalation toxicology endpoints and are usually considered, in terms of relevancy, between classic (i.e., submerged) in vitro models and animal-based models. In some situations that need to be clearly defined, ALI methods may represent a complement or an...
article 2018
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Markus, A.A. (author), Krystek, P. (author), Tromp, P.C. (author), Parsons, J.R. (author), Roex, E.W.M. (author), de Voogt, P. (author), Laane, R.W.P.M. (author)
We investigated the occurrence of metal-based nanoparticles in a natural system, the river Dommel in the Netherlands. The river itself is well-studied as far as hydrology and water quality is concerned, easily accessible and contains one major wastewater treatment plant discharging onto this river. We sampled water from various locations along...
article 2018
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Colette, A. (author), Andersson, C. (author), Manders, A. (author), Mar, K. (author), Mircea, M. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Raffort, V. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Adani, M. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Bergström, R. (author), Briganti, G. (author), Butler, T. (author), Cappelletti, A. (author), Couvidat, F. (author), d' Isidoro, M. (author), Doumbia, T. (author), Fagerli, H. (author), Granier, C. (author), Heyes, C. (author), Klimont, Z. (author), Ojha, N. (author), Otero, N. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Sindelarova, K. (author), Stegehuis, A.I. (author), Roustan, Y. (author), Vautard, R. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), Garcia Vivanco, M. (author), Wind, P. (author)
The EURODELTA-Trends multi-model chemistry-transport experiment has been designed to facilitate a better understanding of the evolution of air pollution and its drivers for the period 1990-2010 in Europe. The main objective of the experiment is to assess the efficiency of air pollutant emissions mitigation measures in improving regional-scale...
article 2017
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Downward, G.S. (author), Hu, W. (author), Rothman, N. (author), Reiss, B. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Wu, G. (author), Wei, F. (author), Xu, J. (author), Seow, W.J. (author), Chapman, R.S. (author), Lan, Q. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Exposure to crystalline silica (quartz) has been implicated as a potential cause of the high lung cancer rates in the neighbouring counties of Xuanwei and Fuyuan, China, where the domestic combustion of locally sourced “smoky” coal (a bituminous coal) is responsible for some of the highest lung cancer rates in the nation, irrespective of gender...
article 2017
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Fraters, D. (author), Boom, G.J.F.L. (author), Boumans, L.J.M. (author), de Weerd, H. (author), Wolters, M. (author)
The solute concentration in the subsoil beneath the root zone is an important parameter for leaching assessment. Drainage centrifugation is considered a simple and straightforward method of determining soil solution chemistry. Although several studies have been carried out to determine whether this method is robust, hardly any results are...
article 2017
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Gallocchio, F. (author), Biancotto, G. (author), Cibin, V. (author), Losasso, C. (author), Belluco, S. (author), Peters, R. (author), van Bemmel, G. (author), Cascio, C. (author), Weigel, S. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Gobbo, F. (author), Catania, S. (author), Ricci, A. (author)
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are of interest due to their antimicrobial activity and are seen as potential candidates to replace antibiotics in animal husbandry. A few studies have focused on this new application, but they lack any considerations about residual accumulation of AgNPs in edible animal tissues and animal products. In this research,...
article 2017
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Smedes, F. (author), Rusina, T.P. (author), Beeltje, H. (author), Mayer, P. (author)
Polymers are increasingly used for passive sampling of neutral hydrophobic organic substances (HOC) in environmental media including water, air, soil, sediment and even biological tissue. The equilibrium concentration of HOC in the polymer can be measured and then converted into equilibrium concentrations in other (defined) media, which however...
article 2017
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Vivanco, M.G. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Cuvelier, C. (author), Theobald, M.R. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Pirovano, G. (author), Aulinger, A. (author), Bieser, J. (author), Calori, G. (author), Ciarelli, G. (author), Manders, A. (author), Mircea, M. (author), Aksoyoglu, S. (author), Briganti, G. (author), Cappelletti, A. (author), Colette, A. (author), Couvidat, F. (author), D'Isidoro, M. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Meleux, F. (author), Menut, L. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Rouïl, L. (author), Silibello, C. (author), Thunis, P. (author), Ung, A. (author)
In the framework of the UNECE Task Force on Measurement and Modelling (TFMM) under the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP), the EURODELTAIII project is evaluating how well air quality models are able to reproduce observed pollutant air concentrations and deposition fluxes in Europe. In this paper the sulphur and nitrogen...
article 2017
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Zarcone, M.C. (author), van Schadewijk, A. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Hiemstra, P.S. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
Background: Exacerbations constitute a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Both bacterial infections, such as those with non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi), and exposures to diesel engine emissions are known to contribute to exacerbations in COPD patients....
article 2017
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Broeren, M.L.M. (author), Dellaert, S.N.C. (author), Cok, B. (author), Patel, M.K. (author), Worrell, E. (author), Shen, L. (author)
Sisal fibre can potentially replace glass fibre in natural fibre composites. This study focuses on the environmental performance of sisal fibre production by quantifying the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and energy use of producing sisal fibre in Tanzania and Brazil using life cycle assessment (LCA), based on region-specific inventory data. The...
article 2017
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Okokon, E.O. (author), Yli-Tuomi, T. (author), Turunen, A.W. (author), Taimisto, P. (author), Pennanen, A. (author), Vouitsis, I. (author), Samaras, Z. (author), Voogt, M. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Lanki, T. (author)
Background: In order to curb traffic-related air pollution and its impact on the physical environment, contemporary city commuters are encouraged to shift from private car use to active or public transport modes. However, personal exposures to particulate matter (PM), black carbon and noise during commuting may be substantial. Therefore, studies...
article 2017
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Sabel, C.E. (author), Hiscock, R. (author), Asikainen, A. (author), Bi, J. (author), Depledge, M. (author), Van Den Elshout, S. (author), Friedrich, R. (author), Huang, G. (author), Hurley, F. (author), Jantunen, M. (author), Karakitsios, S.P. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Kingham, S. (author), Kontoroupis, P. (author), Kuenzli, N. (author), Liu, M. (author), Martuzzi, M. (author), Morton, K. (author), Mudu, P. (author), Niittynen, M. (author), Perez, L. (author), Sarigiannis, D. (author), Stahl-Timmins, W. (author), Tobollik, M. (author), Tuomisto, J. (author), Willers, S. (author)
Background: Climate change is a global threat to health and wellbeing. Here we provide findings of an international research project investigating the health and wellbeing impacts of policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in urban environments. Methods: Five European and two Chinese city authorities and partner academic organisations formed...
article 2016
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von Schneidemesser, E. (author), Coates, J. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
Non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) are detrimental to human health owing to the
article 2016
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Schlag, P. (author), Kiendler-Scharr, A. (author), Johannes Blom, M. (author), Canonaco, F. (author), Sebastiaan Henzing, J. (author), Moerman, M. (author), Prévôt, A.S.H. (author), Holzinger, R. (author)
Intensive measurements of submicron aerosol particles and their chemical composition were performed with an Aerosol Chemical Speciation Monitor (ACSM) at the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) in Cabauw, the Netherlands, sampling at 5m height above ground. The campaign lasted nearly 1 year from July 2012 to June 2013 as...
article 2016
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Prank, M. (author), Sofiev, M. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Semeena, V. (author), Francis, X.V. (author), Butler, T. (author), van der Gon, H.D. (author), Friedrich, R. (author), Hendricks, J. (author), Kong, X. (author), Lawrence, M. (author), Righi, M. (author), Samaras, Z. (author), Sausen, R. (author), Kukkonen, J. (author), Sokhi, R. (author)
Four regional chemistry transport models were applied to simulate the concentration and composition of particulate matter (PM) in Europe for 2005 with horizontal resolution 20 km. The modelled concentrations were compared with the measurements of PM chemical composition by the European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) monitoring...
article 2016
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Hendriks, C. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Kuenen, J.J.P. (author), van den Bril, B. (author), Verguts, V. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
Accurate modelling of mitigation measures for nitrogen deposition and secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA) episodes requires a detailed representation of emission patterns from agriculture. In this study the meteorological influence on the temporal variability of ammonia emissions from livestock housing and application of manure and fertilizer are...
article 2016
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Dammers, E. (author), Palm, M. (author), van Damme, M. (author), Vigouroux, C. (author), Smale, D. (author), Conway, S. (author), Toon, G.C. (author), Jones, N. (author), Nussbaumer, E. (author), Warneke, T. (author), Petri, C. (author), Clarisse, L. (author), Clerbaux, C. (author), Hermans, C. (author), Lutsch, E. (author), Strong, K. (author), Hannigan, J.W. (author), Nakajima, H. (author), Morino, I. (author), Herrera, B. (author), Stremme, W. (author), Grutter, M. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Kruit, R.J.W. (author), Notholt, J. (author), Coheur, P.F. (author), Erisman, J.W. (author)
Global distributions of atmospheric ammonia (NH3) measured with satellite instruments such as the Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) contain valuable information on NH3 concentrations and variability in regions not yet covered by ground-based instruments. Due to their large spatial coverage and (bi-)daily overpasses, the...
article 2016
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Pedersen, M. (author), Gehring, U. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Wang, M. (author), Giorgis-Allemand, L. (author), Andersen, A.M.N. (author), Basagaña, X. (author), Bernard, C. (author), Cirach, M. (author), Forastiere, F. (author), de Hoogh, K. (author), Gražuleviĉvienė, R. (author), Gruzieva, O. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Jedynska, A. (author), Klümper, C. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author), Krämer, U. (author), Kukkonen, J. (author), Porta, D. (author), Postma, D.S. (author), Raaschou-Nielsen, O. (author), van Rossem, L. (author), Sunyer, J. (author), Sørensen, M. (author), Tsai, M.Y. (author), Vrijkotte, T.G.M. (author), Wilhelm, M. (author), Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J. (author), Pershagen, G. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Kogevinas, M. (author), Slama, R. (author)
Background: The health effects of suspended particulate matter (PM) may depend on its chemical composition. Associations between maternal exposure to chemical constituents of PM and newborn’s size have been little examined. Objective: We aimed to investigate the associations of exposure to elemental constituents of PM with term low birth weight ...
article 2016
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Helsper, J.P.F.G. (author), Peters, R.J.B. (author), van Bemmel, M.E.M. (author), Rivera, Z.E.H. (author), Wagner, S. (author), von der Kammer, F. (author), Tromp, P.C. (author), Hofmann, T. (author), Weigel, S. (author)
Seven commercial titanium dioxide pigments and two other well-defined TiO2 materials (TiMs) were physicochemically characterised using asymmetric flow field flow fractionation (aF4) for separation, various techniques to determine size distribution and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICPMS) for chemical characterization. The aF4...
article 2016
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Poliakov, E. (author), Hu, J. (author)
De rol van onderzoeksinstituten in de maatschappij is om innovatieve producten, diensten en productieprocessen te ontwikkelen en daarmee dus de productiviteit en concurrentiekracht van de economie te verhogen. In deze studie hebben wij het effect geschat van een subsidie aan het Nederlandse onderzoeksinstituut TNO (Nederlandse Organisatie voor...
other 2016
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