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Schaap, M. (author), Banzhaf, S. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author)
De uitstoot van SO2, NO en NH3 is niet even snel verminderd. Hierdoor is de atmosferische chemie verandert, waardoor concentraties van reactief stikstof en zwavelcomponenten niet een-op-een met de emissiereducties teruglopen.
article 2015
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Kryza, M. (author), Jozwicka, M. (author), Dore, A.J. (author), Werner, M. (author)
Emission data, together with meteorology, is the most important
article 2015
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Ntziachristos, L. (author), Papadimitriou, G. (author), Ligterink, N. (author), Hausberger, S. (author)
Diesel NOx emissions have been at the forefront of research and regulation scrutiny as a result of failures of late vehicle technologies to deliver on-road emissions reductions. The current study aims at identifying the actual emissions levels of late light duty vehicle technologies, including Euro 5 and Euro 6 ones. Mean NOx emission factor...
article 2016
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Hendriks, C. (author), Kuenen, J. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Scholz, Y. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
Effective air pollution and short-lived climate forcer mitigation strategies can only be designed when the effect of emission reductions on pollutant concentrations and health and ecosystem impacts are quantified. Within integrated assessment modeling source-receptor relationships (SRRs) based on chemistry transport modeling are used to this end...
article 2015
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Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Bergstrom, R. (author), Fountoukis, C. (author), Johansson, C. (author), Panis, S.N. (author), Simpson, D. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author)
Currently residential wood combustion (RWC) is increasing in Europe because of rising fossil fuel prices but also due to climate change mitigation policies. However, especially in smail-scale applications, RWC may cause high emissions of particutate mafler (PM). Recently we have developed a new high-resolution (7 x 7km) anthropogenic...
article 2015
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Jedynska, A.D. (author), Tromp, P.C. (author), Houtzager, M.M.G. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
Use of biodiesel is increasing following implementation of various policy instruments and a surge in demand due to growing urbanized populations. A series of experiments to characterize the chemical composition of emissions generated during combustion of petro-diesel (B0), biodiesel blends (B5, B10, B20), biodiesel (B100) and pure plant oil were...
article 2015
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Jonkers, S. (author), Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author)
Het broeikasgas methaan komt vrij uit diffuse bronnen zoals stortplaatsen, waterzuiveringsinstalla-ties en de veehouderij. De emissie hiervan wordt met generieke emissiefactoren berekend. Hoe representatief de berekende waarde is, is doorgaans niet bekend. In dit artikel beschrijven we een betaalbare én nauwkeurige methode die de emissie van...
article 2016
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Dieselmotoren van personen- en bestelauto’s blijken in de praktijk veel vuiler dan de norm voor stikstofoxiden. Euro 6-vrachtauto’s doen het echter juist heel goed. Maat overziet al iemand de gevolgen voor en door het overheidsbeleid?
article 2015
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Ligterink, N.E. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), Mock, P. (author), Tietge, U. (author)
report 2016
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Kadijk, G. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author), van der Mark, P.J. (author)
Om de uitstoot van roetdeeltjes terug te dringen, zijn moderne dieselauto’s uitgerust
report 2016
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Tietge, U. (author), Zacharov, N. (author), Mock, P. (author), Franco, V. (author), German, J. (author), Bandivadekar, A. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Lambrecht, U. (author)
Official average carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions of new passenger cars in the European Union declined from 170 grams per kilometer (g/km) in 2001 to 123 g/km in 2014. During the period 2001–2014, the rate of reduction in CO 2 emissions per kilometer increased from approximately one percent per year to approximately four percent per year. A...
report 2015
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Ligterink, N.E. (author), van Zyl, P.S. (author), Heijne, V.A.M. (author)
report 2016
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van Zyl, P.S. (author), van Mensch, P. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Droge, R. (author), Kadijk, G. (author)
report 2015
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Ligterink, N.E. (author)
report 2016
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Kadijk, G. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Spreen, J.S. (author)
NOx emissions of vehicles contribute to the ambient NO2 concentration. To gain insight into those NOx emissions, TNO, commissioned by the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, regularly performs real-world emission measurements on vehicles. The measurements mainly focus on vehicles with diesel engines as their real-world NOx...
report 2015
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At the origin of all air quality issues are the emissions of pollutants. Emission inventories provide essential information on magnitude, type of activity, time evolution and the spatial coverage of the emissions. These inventories are developed for use by the policy makers in order to evaluate progress towards emission abatement measures, and...
report 2016
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van Zyl, P.S. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), Kadijk, G. (author), Borken-Kleefeld, J. (author), Chen, Y. (author)
report 2015
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Stelwagen, U. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author)
report 2015
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Ligterink, N.E. (author)
report 2016
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Kadijk, G. (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author), van Mensch, P. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author)
This document contains results from emission tests, carried out by TNO in the period 2010-20151. The specific focus is on NOx emissions of Euro 5 light commercial vehicles (vans). The emission tests were carried out as part of a project conducted by TNO for the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment.
report 2016
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