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Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Punt, A. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effects of a basil extract on the sulfation and concomitant DNA adduct formation of the proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxyestragole were studied using rat and human liver S9 homogenates and the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Basil was chosen since it contains the procarcinogen estragole that can be metabolized to 1′-hydroxyestragole by...
article 2008
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Gibbs, S. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Merk, H.F. (author), Lockley, D.J. (author), Pendlington, R.U. (author), Pease, C.K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this review, we discuss and compare studies of xenobiotic metabolism in both human skin and 3D human skin reconstructs. In comparison to the liver, the skin is a less studied organ in terms of characterising metabolic capability. While the skin forms the major protective barrier to environmental chemical exposure, it is also a potential...
article 2007
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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), Bruijntjes-Rozier, G.C.D.M. (author), Stenhuis, W.H. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
1. In order to study the antigenotoxic potential of eugenol in humans, ten healthy non-smoking males ingested a daily amount of 150 mg eugenol or the placebo for seven consecutive days. After a washout period of one week, groups ingesting eugenol or the placebo were crossed and received the other treatment for seven consecutive days. 2. On days...
article 1996
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Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Punt, A. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Fiamegos, Y.C. (author), Schilter, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Human cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the bioactivation of estragole to its proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxyestragole were identified and compared to the enzymes of importance for 1′-hydroxylation of the related alkenylbenzenes methyleugenol and safrole. Incubations with Supersomes revealed that all enzymes tested, except P450 2C8, are...
article 2007
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Oudshoorn, M.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Haenen, G.R.M.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
The oxidative biotransformation of 1, 2-dichlorobenzene (1, 2-DCB) was investigated using hepatic microsomes from male Wistar, Fischer-344 and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, phenobarbital (PB)- and isoniazid (ISO) pretreated male Wistar rats and from man. In addition, microsomes from cell lines selectively expressing one cytochrome P450 (P4502E1, 1A1...
article 1996
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Smits, K.M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), van de Hulsbergen-Kaa, C.A. (author), Kiemeney, L.A.L.M. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Oosterwijk, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Metabolic gene polymorphisms have previously been suggested as risk factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). These polymorphisms are involved in activation or detoxification of carcinogens in cigarette smoke which is another RCC risk factor. We evaluated gene-environment interactions between CYP1A1, GSTμ1 and smoking in a large population-based...
article 2008
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Krul, C.A.M. (author), Humblot, C. (author), Philippe, C. (author), Vermeulen, M. (author), van Nuenen, M. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Rabot, S. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Cruciferous vegetables, such as Brassica, which contain substantial quantities of glucosinolates, have been suggested to possess anticarcinogenic activity. Cutting and chewing of cruciferous vegetables releases the thioglucosidase enzyme myrosinase, which degrades glucosinolates to isothiocyanates and other minor metabolites. Cooking of...
article 2002
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Soffers, A.E.M.F. (author), Ploemen, J.H.T.M. (author), Moonen, M.J.H. (author), Wobbes, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Quantitative structure - activity relationships (QSAR's) are described for the rate of conjugation of a series of fluoronitrobenzenes with cytosolic as well as with two major alpha and mu class enzymes of rat and human liver, viz., glutathione S-transferases (GST) 1-1, 3-3, A1-1, and M1a-1a. For all purified enzymes studied, the natural...
article 1996
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van Iersel, M.L.P.S. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Smink, N. (author), Koeman, J.H. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The cyclopentenone prostaglandin A2 (PGA2) is known to inhibit cell proliferation, and metabolism of this compound thus might be important in controlling its ultimate function. The glutathione-related metabolism of PGA2 was therefore investigated both with purified glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and with IGR-39 human melanoma cells....
article 1999
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van Iersel, M.L.P.S. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The fact that dietary compounds influence the susceptibility of human beings to cancer, is widely accepted. One of the possible mechanisms that is responsible for these (anti)carcinogenic effects is that dietary constituents may modulate biotransformation enzymes, thereby affecting the (anti)carcinogenic potential of other compounds. This...
article 1999
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Reinen, J. (author), Nematollahi, L. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), Noort, D. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author)
Tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (ToCP) is a multipurpose organophosphorus compound that is neurotoxic and suspected to be involved in aerotoxic syndrome in humans. It has been reported that not ToCP itself but a metabolite of ToCP, namely, 2-(ortho-cresyl)-4H-1,2,3-benzodioxaphosphoran-2-one (CBDP), may be responsible for this effect as it can...
article 2015
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Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), ter Horst, J.P.F. (author), Awad, H.M. (author), Fiamegos, Y.C. (author), van Beek, T.A. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Sudhölter, E.J.R. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In vitro studies were performed to elucidate the human cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the bioactivation of methyleugenol to its proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxymethyleugenol. Incubations with Supersomes, expressing individual P450 enzymes to a high level, revealed that P450 1A2, 2A6, 2C9, 2C19, and 2D6 are intrinsically able to 1′...
article 2006
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Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The validity of in vitro and in vivo methods for the prediction of percutaneous penetration in humans was assessed using the fungicide ortho-phenylphenol (OPP) (log Po/w 3.28, MW 170.8, solubility in water 0.7 g/L). In vivo studies were performed in rats and human volunteers, applying the test compound to the dorsal skin and the volar aspect of...
article 2002
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Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Venekamp, J.C. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
The metabolism of isoprene was investigated with microsomes derived from cell lines expressing human CYP1A1, CYP1A2, CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2D6, CYP2E1, or CYP3A4. The formation of epoxide metabolites was determined by gas chromatographic analysis. CYP2E1 showed the highest rates of formation of the isoprene monoepoxides 3,4-epoxy-3-methyl-1...
article 1996
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Kong, H. (author), Wang, M. (author), Venema, K. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), van der Heijden, R. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Xu, G. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A high-performance liquid chromatography-high resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (HPLC-FTICR-MS) method was developed to investigate the metabolism of ginsenosides in in vitro models of the gastro-intestinal tract. The metabolites were identified by high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry. Degradation and...
article 2009
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Wolken, W.A.M. (author), Tramper, J. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Many organisms have the ability to form spores, a remarkable phase in their life cycles. Compared with vegetative cells, spores have several advantages (e.g. resistance to toxic compounds, temperature, desiccation and radiation) making them well suited to various applications. The applications of spores that first spring to mind are bio-warfare...
article 2003
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Sherratt, P.J. (author), Manson, M.M. (author), Thomson, A.M. (author), Hissink, E.A.M. (author), Neal, G.E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Green, T. (author), Hayes, J.D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A characteristic feature of the class Theta glutathione S-transferase (GST) T1-1 is its ability to activate dichloromethane and dibromoethane by catalysing the formation of mutagenic conjugates. The level of the GSTT1 subunit within tissues is an important determinant of susceptibility to the carcinogenic effects of these dihaloalkanes. In the...
article 1998
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Lansink, M. (author), van Bennekum, A.M. (author), Blaner, W.S. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Retinoic acid stimulates the expression of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in vascular endothelial cells in vitro and enhances t-PA levels in plasma and tissues in vivo. Compared with the in vivo situation, high retinoic acid concentrations are required to induce optimally t-PA expression in vitro. These findings led us to study...
article 1997
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Roza, L. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author)
Hydroquinone (HQ) occurs in the environment as a result of manmade processes as well as in natural products from plants and animals. The compound has been reported to produce chromosomal effects in some in vivo and in vitro animal models. However, its potential to produce similar effects in human lymphocytes is less clear. To obtain more...
article 2003
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Smith, R.L. (author), Adams, T.B. (author), Doull, J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Goodman, J.I. (author), Marnett, L.J. (author), Portoghese, P.S. (author), Waddell, W.J. (author), Wagner, B.M. (author), Rogers, A.E. (author), Caldwell, J. (author), Sipes, I.G. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
This publication is the seventh in a series of safety evaluations performed by the Expert Panel of the Flavor and Extract Manufacturers' Association (FEMA). In 1993, the Panel initiated a comprehensive program to re-evaluate the safety of more than 1700 GRAS flavouring substances under conditions of intended use. In this review, scientific data...
article 2002
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