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Artola-Garicano, E. (author), Sinnige, T.L. (author), van Holsteijn, I. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Hermens, J.L.M. (author)
In the current study, the bioconcentration behavior and acute toxicity of two polycyclic musks, Tonalide® 7-acetyl-1,1,3,4,4,6,-hexamethyl-1,2,3,4,-tetrahydronaphthalene (AHTN) and Galaxolide® 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexa-methyl-cyclopenta[γ]-2- benzopyran (HHCB), were studied in two benthic organisms. Polycyclic musks are frequently...
article 2003
document
Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Punt, A. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The effects of a basil extract on the sulfation and concomitant DNA adduct formation of the proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxyestragole were studied using rat and human liver S9 homogenates and the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. Basil was chosen since it contains the procarcinogen estragole that can be metabolized to 1′-hydroxyestragole by...
article 2008
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Dirven, H.A.A.M. (author), Megens, L. (author), Oudshoorn, M.J. (author), Dingemanse, M.A. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Development of drug resistance against alkylating cytostatic drugs has been associated with higher intracellular concentrations of glutathione (GSH) and increased expression of glutathione S-transferase (GST) enzymes. Therefore, enhanced detoxification by the glutathione/glutathione S-transferase pathway has been proposed as a major factor in...
article 1995
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Gibbs, S. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Merk, H.F. (author), Lockley, D.J. (author), Pendlington, R.U. (author), Pease, C.K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this review, we discuss and compare studies of xenobiotic metabolism in both human skin and 3D human skin reconstructs. In comparison to the liver, the skin is a less studied organ in terms of characterising metabolic capability. While the skin forms the major protective barrier to environmental chemical exposure, it is also a potential...
article 2007
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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Steenwinkel, M.J.S.T. (author), van Asten, J.G. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To study the possible reduction by eugenol of the mutagenicity and genotoxicity of benzoja]pyrene (B[a]P) in vivo, the X-lacZ-transgenic mouse strain 40.6 (Muta(TM)Mouse) was used. Male mice were fed a diet containing 0.4% (w/w) eugenol or a control diet for 58 days. On day 10, half of the mice received an i.p. dose of 100 mg/kg b.w. B[a]P. The...
article 1996
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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), Bruijntjes-Rozier, G.C.D.M. (author), Stenhuis, W.H. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
1. In order to study the antigenotoxic potential of eugenol in humans, ten healthy non-smoking males ingested a daily amount of 150 mg eugenol or the placebo for seven consecutive days. After a washout period of one week, groups ingesting eugenol or the placebo were crossed and received the other treatment for seven consecutive days. 2. On days...
article 1996
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Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Punt, A. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Fiamegos, Y.C. (author), Schilter, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Human cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the bioactivation of estragole to its proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxyestragole were identified and compared to the enzymes of importance for 1′-hydroxylation of the related alkenylbenzenes methyleugenol and safrole. Incubations with Supersomes revealed that all enzymes tested, except P450 2C8, are...
article 2007
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Oudshoorn, M.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Haenen, G.R.M.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author)
The oxidative biotransformation of 1, 2-dichlorobenzene (1, 2-DCB) was investigated using hepatic microsomes from male Wistar, Fischer-344 and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, phenobarbital (PB)- and isoniazid (ISO) pretreated male Wistar rats and from man. In addition, microsomes from cell lines selectively expressing one cytochrome P450 (P4502E1, 1A1...
article 1996
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Smits, K.M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), van de Hulsbergen-Kaa, C.A. (author), Kiemeney, L.A.L.M. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Oosterwijk, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Metabolic gene polymorphisms have previously been suggested as risk factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). These polymorphisms are involved in activation or detoxification of carcinogens in cigarette smoke which is another RCC risk factor. We evaluated gene-environment interactions between CYP1A1, GSTμ1 and smoking in a large population-based...
article 2008
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Wolken, W.A.M. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Spores of Penicillium digitatum ATCC 201167 transform geraniol, nerol, citral, and geranic acid into methylheptenone. Spore extracts of P. digitatum convert geraniol and nerol NAD+-dependently into citral. Spore extract also converts citral NAD+-dependently into geranic acid. Furthermore, a novel enzymatic activity, citral lyase, which cofactor...
article 2001
document
Krul, C.A.M. (author), Humblot, C. (author), Philippe, C. (author), Vermeulen, M. (author), van Nuenen, M. (author), Havenaar, R. (author), Rabot, S. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Cruciferous vegetables, such as Brassica, which contain substantial quantities of glucosinolates, have been suggested to possess anticarcinogenic activity. Cutting and chewing of cruciferous vegetables releases the thioglucosidase enzyme myrosinase, which degrades glucosinolates to isothiocyanates and other minor metabolites. Cooking of...
article 2002
document
Cassee, F.R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein are well-known upper respiratory tract irritants and occur simultaneously as pollutants in many indoor and outdoor environments. The upper respiratory tract, and especially the nose, is the prime target for inhaled aldehydes. To study possible additive or interactive effects on the nasal epithelium we...
article 1996
document
Desprez, B. (author), Birk, B. (author), Blaauboer, B. (author), Boobis, A. (author), Carmichael, P. (author), Cronin, M.T.D. (author), Curie, R. (author), Daston, G. (author), Hubesch, B. (author), Jennings, P. (author), Klaric, M. (author), Kroese, D. (author), Mahony, C. (author), Ouédraogo, G. (author), Piersma, A. (author), Richarz, A.N. (author), Schwarz, M. (author), van Benthem, J. (author), van de Water, B. (author), Vinken, M. (author)
Repeated dose toxicity evaluation aims at assessing the occurrence of adverse effects following chronic or repeated exposure to chemicals. Non-animal approaches have gained importance in the last decades because of ethical considerations as well as due to scientific reasons calling for more human-based strategies. A critical aspect of this...
article 2019
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Soffers, A.E.M.F. (author), Ploemen, J.H.T.M. (author), Moonen, M.J.H. (author), Wobbes, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Quantitative structure - activity relationships (QSAR's) are described for the rate of conjugation of a series of fluoronitrobenzenes with cytosolic as well as with two major alpha and mu class enzymes of rat and human liver, viz., glutathione S-transferases (GST) 1-1, 3-3, A1-1, and M1a-1a. For all purified enzymes studied, the natural...
article 1996
document
van Puymbroeck, M. (author), Kuilman, M.E.M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Leyssens, L. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Hendriks, L. (author), van der Zande, D.J.M. (author), Adriaensens, P. (author), Jacobs, M.-P. (author), Raus, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The metabolism of the illegal growth promoter ethylestrenol (EES) was evaluated in bovine liver cells and subcellular fractions of bovine liver preparations. Incubations with bovine microsomal preparations revealed that EES is extensively biotransformed into norethandrolone (NE), another illegal growth promoter. Furthermore, incubations of...
article 1999
document
van Iersel, M.L.P.S. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Smink, N. (author), Koeman, J.H. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The cyclopentenone prostaglandin A2 (PGA2) is known to inhibit cell proliferation, and metabolism of this compound thus might be important in controlling its ultimate function. The glutathione-related metabolism of PGA2 was therefore investigated both with purified glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and with IGR-39 human melanoma cells....
article 1999
document
Hoebe, K.H.N. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Fink-Gremmels, J. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Monshouwer, M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
This study focuses on the importance of direct contact between Kupffer cells (KCs) and hepatocytes (HCs) during the hepatic inflammatory response using an in vitro approach. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory response in monocultures of porcine HCs and KCs were compared with cocultures prepared either with direct contact between...
article 2001
document
van Iersel, M.L.P.S. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The fact that dietary compounds influence the susceptibility of human beings to cancer, is widely accepted. One of the possible mechanisms that is responsible for these (anti)carcinogenic effects is that dietary constituents may modulate biotransformation enzymes, thereby affecting the (anti)carcinogenic potential of other compounds. This...
article 1999
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Haenen, H.E.M.G. (author), Spenkelink, A. (author), Teunissen, C. (author), Temmink, J.H.M. (author), Koeman, J.H. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Confluent monolayers of primary rat renal proximal tubular (RPT) cells were used to compare transepithelial transport and concomitant metabolism of two different glutathione (GSH) S-conjugates. For the GSH-conjugated quinone compound, [35S]GSH-conjugated menadione (MGNQ), no specific transepithelial transport was observed. Most likely, [35S]MGNQ...
article 1996
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van der Greef, J. (author), Leegwater, D.C. (author)
A technique for the detection of biotransformation products of xenobiotics in crude urine extracts by field desorption mass spectrometric profile analysis is described. The method comprises determination of peak profiles of a series of blank and test samples using low resolution field desorption mass spectrometry, comparison of averaged peak...
article 1983
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