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Gaillard, A.W.K. (author)
This paper delineates mental load and stress as two related concepts that originate from different theoretical frameworks. A proper distinction between the two concepts is important, not only for theory building, but because it may lead also to different interpretations of experimental results, and, conse-quently, to different recommendations in...
article 1993
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Dul, J. (author), Douwes, M. (author), Smitt, P. (author)
This communication aims to show why guidelines to prevent discomfort of static postures can be based on endurance data, and to give insight in the aim and scope of a recent 'work-rest model for static postures' (WR model). The paper is a response to a recent paper of Mathiassen and Winkel (1992) who questioned the usefulness of discomfort and...
article 1994
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Janssen, W.H. (author), Wierda, M. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author)
This paper sets out by identifying five plausible stages in the automation of the road traffic system, ranging from the introduction of part systems that support specific task components (navigation, collision avoidance) to full automation of roads and vehicles. It is then attempted to predict how drivers will respond to each successive stage of...
article 1995
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van Winsum, W. (author), Godthelp, J. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The relation between speed choice and steering performance during curve negotiation was studied in a driving simulator. The hypothesis was that curve radius and steering competence both affect steering error during curve driving, resulting in compensatory speed choice. In this, the control of safety margins was assumed to operate as a regulatory...
article 1996
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Kaptein, N.A. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The validity of driving simulators for behavioral research is discussed. The concept of validity is introduced and explained, and a survey of validation studies follows, in the TNO driving simulator and others, comparing field and simulator study results. Results for mid-level driving simulators show that generally absolute validity of route...
bookPart 1996
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Hogema, J.H. (author)
Microscopic traffic simulation constitutes a useful method for predicting the effects of new transport telematic systems in road traffic. In such a model, the driver model is a key element describing the dynamic individual driving behavior in relation to the vehicle, the road environment, and other traffic participants. The driver model...
article 1999
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Miedema, H.M.E. (author), Walpot, J.I. (author), Vos, H. (author), Steunenberg, C.F. (author)
Existing data from field surveys have been reanalysed in order to establish relationships between odour annoyance and odour exposure concentrations caused by (bio) industrial odours in a community. The percentage of highly annoyed persons (%HA) was found to have a simple relationship with the logarithm of the 98 percentile of the odour exposure...
article 2000
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Hoedemaeker, D.M. (author)
This paper presents an overview of the work of a PhD project performed within the research programme "Technology Assessment Automatic Vehicle Guidance" concerning individual driver behaviour and acceptance of Adaptive Cruise Control [1]. It describes and discusses the results of a questionnaire study and two experimental driving simulator...
conference paper 2000
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Visser, B. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), de Graaff, M.P. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author)
The objective of the present study was to gain insight into the effects of precision demands and mental pressure on the load of the upper extremity. Two computer mouse tasks were used: an aiming and a tracking task. Upper extremity loading was operationalized as the myo-electric activity of the wrist flexor and extensor and of the trapezius...
article 2004
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Zahorik, P. (author), Brungart, D.S. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Although auditory distance perception is a critical component of spatial hearing, it has received substantially less scienti.c attention than the directional aspects of auditory localization. Here we summarize current knowledge on auditory distance perception, with special emphasis on recent research results. The summary will be structured...
article 2005
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Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Brungart, D.S. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The advanced developments in research on spatial and binaural auditory perception, were described. The research on sound localization revealed one important development of virtual acoustic space (VAS) as a research tool. Sound sources in VAS can be repositioned in other acoustic environments. The second research area included sound segregation,...
article 2005
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Rook, A.M. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The effects of human-machine interface (HMI) design for intelligent speed adaptation (ISA) on driving behavior and acceptance were measured in a moving-base research driving simulator. Sixty-four experienced drivers participated in two simulator experiments (32 in each). During the simulated runs with ISA, the speed limit was communicated...
conference paper 2005
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Schraagen, J.M.C. (author), van Dongen, C.J.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Good memorability of licence plates is important in those cases where licence plates are viewed for a brief period of time and the information is essential for police investigations. The purpose of the current study was to design a new Dutch licence plate that could be remembered well. A memory experiment was conducted, in which 16 different...
article 2005
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Windhouwer, C.J. (author), Klunder, G.A. (author), Sanders, F.M. (author), TNO Bouw (author)
The Decision Support System (DSS) Emergency Planning is designed for use in the event of sea or river flooding. It makes accessible all the information related to the decision whether to evacuate an area. An important factor in this decision is the time required for the evacuation. The model used by the DSS Emergency Planning system to estimate...
conference paper 2005
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Toet, A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Visual information can in principle be dynamically optimised by monitoring the user’s state of attention, e.g. by tracking eye movements. Gaze directed displays are therefore an important enabling technology for attention aware systems. We present a state-of-the-art review of both (1) techniques to register the direction of gaze and (2) display...
article 2006
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Feenstra, P. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Co-operative driving with speed adaptation functionality has great potential to improve traffic-throughput, traffic-safety, and environmental-impact on heavily used traffic-infrastructures. A driving-simulator study was performed to investigate the driver behaviour with respect to such driver-support systems (Zero-, Advisory-, Intervention-, and...
conference paper 2006
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), Rienks, R. (author), Zhang, D. (author), Gatica-Perez, D. (author), Post, W. (author)
We address the problem of automatically detecting participant's influence levels in meetings. The impact and social psychological background are discussed. The more influential a participant is, the more he or she influences the outcome of a meeting. Experiments on 40 meetings show that application of statistical (both dynamic and static) models...
conference paper 2006
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Martens, M.H. (author), Fox, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The present study shows that repeated exposure to a road environment changes eye movement behaviour. In addition, repeated exposure may result in inadequate responses to unexpected changes in the road environment. Participants drove a low-cost simulator while their eye movements were recorded. With repeated exposure participants’ glances at...
article 2007
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Bos, J.E. (author), Damala, D. (author), Lewis, C. (author), Ganguly, A. (author), Turan, O. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper explains part of the observed variability in passenger illness ratings aboard ships by gender, age and sickness history. Within the framework of a European project, 2840 questionnaires, gathered on several ships operating all over Europe, were analysed. Gender, age and sickness history all had a highly significant effect on...
article 2007
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), van Doesburg, W.A. (author)
Accurate and efficient models of human behavior offer great potential in military and crisis management applications. However, little attention has been given to the man ner in which it can be determined if this potential is actually realized. In this study a quality assessment approach that combines the perspectives of application users,...
conference paper 2007
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