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van Dongen, C.J.G. (author), van Maanen, P.P. (author)
This study presents a framework for understanding task and psychological factors affecting reliance on advice from decision aids. The framework describes how informational asymmetries in combination with rational, motivational and heuristic factors explain human reliance behavior. To test hypotheses derived from the framework, 79 participants...
article 2013
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Gaillard, A.W.K. (author)
This paper delineates mental load and stress as two related concepts that originate from different theoretical frameworks. A proper distinction between the two concepts is important, not only for theory building, but because it may lead also to different interpretations of experimental results, and, conse-quently, to different recommendations in...
article 1993
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Lippert, T. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), von Estorff, O. (author)
Sound produced by marine pile driving activities poses a possible risk to marine life. The assessment and mitigation of this risk requires a precise prediction of the expected levels. An analytical approach to estimate the radiated sound exposure levels is presented, based on the axial symmetry of the problem, resulting in damped cylindrical...
article 2018
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Risto, M. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Driving simulators have become an established tool in driver behaviour research by offering a controllable, safe and cost-effective alternative to real world driving. A challenge for using driving simulators as a research tool has been to elicit driving behaviour that equals real world driving. With respect to driver headways few studies have...
article 2014
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Martens, M.H. (author), Fox, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The present study shows that repeated exposure to a road environment changes eye movement behaviour. In addition, repeated exposure may result in inadequate responses to unexpected changes in the road environment. Participants drove a low-cost simulator while their eye movements were recorded. With repeated exposure participants’ glances at...
article 2007
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Bos, J.E. (author), Damala, D. (author), Lewis, C. (author), Ganguly, A. (author), Turan, O. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper explains part of the observed variability in passenger illness ratings aboard ships by gender, age and sickness history. Within the framework of a European project, 2840 questionnaires, gathered on several ships operating all over Europe, were analysed. Gender, age and sickness history all had a highly significant effect on...
article 2007
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Visser, B. (author), de Looze, M.P. (author), de Graaff, M.P. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author)
The objective of the present study was to gain insight into the effects of precision demands and mental pressure on the load of the upper extremity. Two computer mouse tasks were used: an aiming and a tracking task. Upper extremity loading was operationalized as the myo-electric activity of the wrist flexor and extensor and of the trapezius...
article 2004
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Ebem, D.U. (author), Beerends, J.G. (author), van Vugt, J. (author), Schmidmer, C. (author), Kooij, R.E. (author), Uguru, J.O. (author)
The extent to which the modeling used in objective speech quality algorithms depends on the cultural background of listeners as well as on the language characteristics using American English and Igbo, an African tone language is investigated. Two different approaches were used in order to separate behavioral aspects from speech signal aspects....
article 2011
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Malone, K. (author), Silla, A. (author), Johanssen, C. (author), Bell, D. (author)
Introduction: This paper describes the modification and development of methodologies to assess the impacts of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) applications for Vulnerable Road users (VRUs) in the domains of safety, mobility and comfort. This effort was carried out in the context of the VRUITS project whose aim was to produce results at the EU...
article 2017
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Toet, A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Visual information can in principle be dynamically optimised by monitoring the user’s state of attention, e.g. by tracking eye movements. Gaze directed displays are therefore an important enabling technology for attention aware systems. We present a state-of-the-art review of both (1) techniques to register the direction of gaze and (2) display...
article 2006
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Janssen, W.H. (author), Wierda, M. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author)
This paper sets out by identifying five plausible stages in the automation of the road traffic system, ranging from the introduction of part systems that support specific task components (navigation, collision avoidance) to full automation of roads and vehicles. It is then attempted to predict how drivers will respond to each successive stage of...
article 1995
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Zahorik, P. (author), Brungart, D.S. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Although auditory distance perception is a critical component of spatial hearing, it has received substantially less scienti.c attention than the directional aspects of auditory localization. Here we summarize current knowledge on auditory distance perception, with special emphasis on recent research results. The summary will be structured...
article 2005
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von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Prior, M. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Hansen, R.R. (author), Isojunno, S. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
To understand the consequences of underwater noise exposure for cetaceans, there is a need for assessments of behavioural responses over increased spatial and temporal scales. Bottom-moored acoustic recorders and satellite tags provide such long-term and large spatial coverage of behaviour compared to short-duration acoustic-recording tags....
article 2019
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Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Brungart, D.S. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The advanced developments in research on spatial and binaural auditory perception, were described. The research on sound localization revealed one important development of virtual acoustic space (VAS) as a research tool. Sound sources in VAS can be repositioned in other acoustic environments. The second research area included sound segregation,...
article 2005
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Hogema, J.H. (author)
Microscopic traffic simulation constitutes a useful method for predicting the effects of new transport telematic systems in road traffic. In such a model, the driver model is a key element describing the dynamic individual driving behavior in relation to the vehicle, the road environment, and other traffic participants. The driver model...
article 1999
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Zomer, T.P. (author), Erasmus, V. (author), van Empelen, P. (author), Looman, C. (author), van Beeck, E.F. (author), Tjon-A-Tsien, A. (author), Richardus, J.H. (author), Voeten, H.A.C.M. (author)
Background: Although hand hygiene (HH) has proven to be an effective measure to prevent infections, HH compliance is generally low. We assessed sociocognitive determinants of caregivers' HH behavior in child day care centers (DCCs) to develop an effective HH intervention. Methods: Caregivers' compliance to HH guidelines was observed. Observed...
article 2013
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van Winsum, W. (author), Godthelp, J. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The relation between speed choice and steering performance during curve negotiation was studied in a driving simulator. The hypothesis was that curve radius and steering competence both affect steering error during curve driving, resulting in compensatory speed choice. In this, the control of safety margins was assumed to operate as a regulatory...
article 1996
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Dul, J. (author), Douwes, M. (author), Smitt, P. (author)
This communication aims to show why guidelines to prevent discomfort of static postures can be based on endurance data, and to give insight in the aim and scope of a recent 'work-rest model for static postures' (WR model). The paper is a response to a recent paper of Mathiassen and Winkel (1992) who questioned the usefulness of discomfort and...
article 1994
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Rahman, T. (author), IJsselmuiden, S.T. (author), Abdalla, M.M. (author), Jansen, E.L. (author)
Modern fiber placement machines allow laminates with spatially varying stiffness properties to be manufactured. In earlier research, the authors optimized variable stiffness plates for maximum buckling load, demonstrating significant improvements in load-carrying capacity. In aerospace applications, panel structures are often permitted to enter...
article 2011
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Koene, F.G.H. (author), de Kluizenaar, Y. (author), Bulavskaya, T. (author), Hoes-van Oeffelen, E.C.M. (author), Spiekman, M.E. (author), Hofstetter, H. (author), Opstelten, I.J. (author)
Generally, a discrepancy is observed between energy use for heating of dwellings, calculated by numerical models and actual energy use. This gap may be partially attributed to differences between assumed and actual occupant behavior. To account for the gap, a number of occupant behavioral models were made on thermostat settings, the likelihood...
article 2015
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