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Roeselers, G. (author), Coolen, J. (author), van der Wielen, P.W. (author), Jaspers, M.C. (author), Atsma, A. (author), de Graaf, B. (author), Schuren, F. (author)
In this study, we collected water from different locations in 32 drinking water distribution networks in the Netherlands and analysed the spatial and temporal variation in microbial community composition by high-throughput sequencing of 16S rRNA gene amplicons. We observed that microbial community compositions of raw source and processed water...
article 2015
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Chen, Y. (author), Sun, A. (author), Wang, M. (author), Zhu, Z. (author), Ouwerkerk, P.B.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Glutelins are the most abundant storage proteins in rice grain and can make up to 80 % of total protein content. The promoter region of GluB-1, one of the glutelin genes in rice, has been intensively used as a model to understand regulation of seed-storage protein accumulation. In this study, we describe a zinc finger gene of the Cys3His1 (CCCH...
article 2014
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Yuan, X.-L. (author), van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The filamentous ascomycete Aspergillus niger is well known for its ability to produce a large variety of enzymes for the degradation of plant polysaccharide material. A major carbon and energy source for this soil fungus is starch, which can be degraded by the concerted action of α-amylase, glucoamylase and α-glucosidase enzymes, members of the...
article 2008
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Wang, Y. (author), Xu, H. (author), Wei, X. (author), Chai, C. (author), Xiao, Y. (author), Zhang, Y. (author), Chen, B. (author), Xiao, G. (author), Ouwerkerk, P.B.F. (author), Wang, M. (author), Zhu, Z. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Monosaccharide transporters mediate the membrane transport of a variable range of monosaccharides, which plays a crucial role in sugar distribution throughout the plant. To investigate the significance of monosaccharide transporters for rice (Oryza sativa L.) seed development, cDNA of a new putative monosaccharide transporter gene OsMST4 was...
article 2007
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van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), Yuan, X.L. (author), Franken, A. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the genome sequence of Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88, three genes were identified with high similarity to fungal α-amylases. The protein sequences derived from these genes were different in two ways from all described fungal α-amylases: they were predicted to be glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored, and some highly conserved amino acids of...
article 2007
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Henneman, P. (author), Schaap, F.G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), van Tol, A. (author), Hattori, H. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The recently discovered apoAV is hypothesized to affect triglyceride metabolism by stimulating the lipolysis of triglycerides in VLDL and chylomicrons. We set out to determine the association between increased serum TG levels, plasma apoAV levels, and polymorphism of the APOA5 gene, with specific emphasis on the APOA5 S19W variation....
article 2007
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Boerboom, A.M.J.F. (author), Vermeulen, M. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Bremer, B.I. (author), Lee-Hilz, Y.Y. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) is a transcriptional enhancer involved in cancer-chemoprotective gene expression modulation by certain food components. Two stably transfected luciferase reporter cell lines were developed, EpRE(hNQO1)-LUX and EpRE(mGST-Ya)-LUX, based on EpRE sequences from the human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase ...
article 2006
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Schepers, A. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Eefting, D. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), van Bokel, J.H. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether the anti-inflammatory agent dexamethasone can inhibit vein graft thickening without the occurrence of serious side effects. Methods: Venous interposition grafting was performed in the common carotid artery of hypercholesterolemic ApoE3Leiden transgenic mice. Mice were treated with...
article 2006
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van Kranenburg, R. (author), Golic, N. (author), Bongers, R. (author), Leer, R.J. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Siezen, R.J. (author), Kleerebezem, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 harbors three plasmids, pWCFS101, pWCFS102, and pWCFS103, with sizes of 1,917, 2,365, and 36,069 bp, respectively. The two smaller plasmids are of unknown function and contain replication genes that are likely to function via the rolling-circle replication mechanism. The host range of the p WCFS101 replicon includes...
article 2005
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Verschuur, M. (author), de Jong, M. (author), Felida, L. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Vos, H.L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
An elevated plasma fibrinogen level is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Therefore, an understanding of the regulation of fibrinogen expression is important. Inflammation and genetic variation of the fibrinogen β gene regulate plasma fibrinogen levels, and there are indications that inflammation and genetic variation...
article 2005
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Michielse, C.B. (author), Hooykaas, P.J.J. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the era of functional genomics, the need for tools to perform large-scale targeted and random mutagenesis is increasing. A potential tool is Agrobacterium-mediated fungal transformation. A. tumefaciens is able to transfer a part of its DNA (transferred DNA; T-DNA) to a wide variety of fungi and the number of fungi that can be transformed by...
article 2005
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te Biesebeke, R. (author), Levin, A. (author), Sagt, C. (author), Bartels, J. (author), Goosen, T. (author), Ram, A. (author), van den Hondel, C. (author), Punt, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aspergillus oryzae requires polarized growth for colonization of solid substrates, and this growth phenotype differs from that seen in liquid medium. Various experimental approaches were used to identify genes that are differentially expressed when A. oryzae is grown on wheat kernels and in a wheat-based liquid medium. Hybridization of A. oryzae...
article 2005
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Nelson, G. (author), Kozlova-Zwinderman, O. (author), Collis, A.J. (author), Knight, M.R. (author), Fincham, J.R.S. (author), Stanger, C.P. (author), Renwick, A. (author), Hessing, J.G.M. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Read, N.D. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Calcium signalling is little understood in filamentous fungi largely because easy and routine methods for calcium measurement in living hyphae have previously been unavailable. We have developed the recombinant aequorin method for this purpose. High levels of aequorin expression were obtained in Neurospora crassa, Aspergillus niger and...
article 2004
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Mandard, S. (author), Zandbergen, F. (author), Nguan, S.T. (author), Escher, P. (author), Patsouris, D. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Bakker, A. (author), Veenman, F. (author), Wahli, W. (author), Müller, M. (author), Kersten, S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The fasting-induced adipose factor (FIAF, ANGPTL4, PGAR, HFARP) was previously identified as a novel adipocytokine that was up-regulated by fasting, by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, and by hypoxia. To further characterize FIAF, we studied regulation of FIAF mRNA and protein in liver and adipose cell lines as well as in...
article 2004
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Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), van Leeuwen, S. (author), Jack, R.W. (author), Egmond, M.R. (author), Götz, F. (author)
Ceramidase (CDase) hydrolyzes the amide bond in ceramides to yield free fatty acid and sphingosine. From a 3-L Pseudomonas aeruginosa PA01 culture, 70 μg of extracellular alkaline, Ca2+-dependent CDase, was purified to homogeneity, the N-terminal sequence was determined, and the CDase gene was cloned. The CDase gene encodes a 670 amino acid...
article 2003
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Broekhuijsen, M.P. (author), Larsson, P. (author), Johansson, A. (author), Byström, M. (author), Eriksson, U. (author), Larsson, E. (author), Prior, R.G. (author), Sjöstedt, A. (author), Titball, R.W. (author), Forsman, M. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author), PML (author)
Francisella tularensis is a potent pathogen and a possible bioterrorism agent. Little is known, however, to explain the molecular basis for its virulence and the distinct differences in virulence found between the four recognized subspecies, F. tularensis subsp. tularensis, F. tularensis subsp. mediasiatica, F. tularensis subsp. holarctica, and...
article 2003
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Berry, A. (author), Janssens, D. (author), Hümbelin, M. (author), Jore, J.P.M. (author), Hoste, B. (author), Cleenwerck, I. (author), Vancanneyt, M. (author), Bretzel, W. (author), Mayer, A.F. (author), Lopez-Ulibarri, R. (author), Shanmugam, B. (author), Swings, J. (author), Pasamontes, L. (author)
A comprehensive taxonomic re-evaluation was performed on the marine, zeaxanthin-producing bacterium formerly classified as [Flavobacterium] sp. strain R-1512 (ATCC 21588). This strain, together with two other previously described marine isolates, [Flavobacterium] strain R-1506 and Paracoccus sp. strain MBIC 3966, were found to comprise a new...
article 2003
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Duim, B. (author), Godschalk, P.C.R. (author), van den Braak, N. (author), Dingle, K.E. (author), Dijkstra, J.R. (author), Leyde, E. (author), van der Plas, J. (author), Colles, F.M. (author), Endtz, H.P. (author), Wagenaar, J.A. (author), Maiden, M.C.J. (author), van Belkum, A. (author)
Campylobacter jejuni isolates (n = 234) associated with gastroenteritis and the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in the island of Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles, and collected from March 1999 to March 2000 were investigated by a range of molecular typing techniques. Data obtained by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), amplified fragment length...
article 2003
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Kypreos, K.E. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), van der Zee, A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Apolipoprotein (apo) E has been implicated in cholesterol and triglyceride homeostasis in humans. At physiological concentration apoE promotes efficient clearance of apoE-containing lipoprotein remnants. However, high apoE plasma levels correlate with high plasma triglyceride levels. We have used adenovirus-mediated gene transfer in apoE...
article 2001
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Zhang, B. (author), Ye, S. (author), Herrmann, S.M. (author), Eriksson, P. (author), de Maat, M. (author), Evans, A. (author), Arveiler, D. (author), Luc, G. (author), Cambien, F. (author), Hamsten, A. (author), Watkins, H. (author), Henney, A.M. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background - Gelatinase B, a matrix metalloproteinase that has proteolytic activity against connective tissue proteins, has been suggested to be important in the connective tissue remodeling processes associated with atherogenesis and plaque rupture. This study tested the hypothesis that sequence variation in the promoter region of the...
article 1999
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