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Diels, C. (author), Ye, Y. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Maeda, S. (author)
Motion sickness in automated vehicles (AVs) represents a key Human Factors concern that will negatively impact the passenger experience and, ultimately, public acceptance. Minimizing or avoiding motion sickness altogether, therefore, becomes a strategic design goal. In this article we propose principal research questions that need to be...
article 2022
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Paardekooper, J.P. (author), Comi, M. (author), Grappiolo, C. (author), Snijders, R. (author), van Vught, W. (author), Beekelaar, R. (author)
An increasing number of tasks is being taken over from the human driver as automated driving technology is developed. Accidents have been reported in situations where the automated driving technology was not able to function according to specifications. As data-driven Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are becoming more ubiquitous in automated...
conference paper 2021
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Diels, C. (author), Bos, J.E. (author)
Motion sickness has gained renewed interested in the context of the developments in vehicle automation in which we are witnessing a transition from a driver-centric to passenger-centric design philosophy. As a corollary, motion sickness can be expected to become considerably more prevalent which creates a hurdle towards the successful...
bookPart 2021
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Madadi, B. (author), van Nes, R. (author), Snelder, M. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
This study focuses on network configurations to accommodate automated vehicles (AVs) on road networks during the transition period to full automation. The literature suggests that dedicated infrastructure for AVs and enhanced infrastructure for mixed traffic (i.e., AVs on the same lanes with conventional vehicles) are the main alternatives so...
article 2021
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Dijk, J. (author), van den Broek, S.P. (author), den Hollander, R.J.M. (author), Baan, J. (author), ten Hove, J.M. (author), Oorbeek, D. (author)
conference paper 2021
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Dhondt, S. (author), Kraan, K.O. (author), Bal, M. (author)
The impact of technological change on the content of jobs and accompanying skills is a central topic across disciplines. To date, ample research has directly linked the technological change to shifts in skills use; however, organisational change is rarely considered as an influencing factor. Based on a panel survey, this paper uses a Luhmannian...
article 2021
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Kurchaba, S. (author), van Vliet, J. (author), Meulman, J.J. (author), Verbeek, F.J. (author), Veenman, C.J. (author)
conference paper 2021
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Marko, N. (author), Vasenev, A. (author), Striecks, C. (author)
In the past several years, autonomous driving turned out tobe a target for many technical players. Automated driving requires newand advanced mechanisms to provide safe functionality and the increased communication makes automated vehicles more vulnerable to attacks. Security is already well-established in some domains, such as the IT sector,...
conference paper 2020
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Boelhouwer, A. (author), van den Beukel, A.P. (author), van der Voort, M.C. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Partially automated car systems are expected to soon become available to the public. However, in order for any of the potential benefits of automated driving to arise, the driver and car need to establish effective, efficient and satisfactory interactions. Otherwise, the driver may rely too much on the automated car system, leading to dangerous...
article 2019
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Eichstädt, S. (author), van der Waaij, B.D. (author), Ludwig, B. (author), Langius, E. (author)
Transparency of changes, automated testing of new developments against documented criteria, combination of developments from different sources and automated publication of validated results are key aspects of modern collaborative software engineering. Various infrastructures, guidelines and tools are available for continuous integration (CI) and...
conference paper 2019
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Knoop, V.L. (author), Wang, M. (author), Wilmink, I. (author), Hoedemaeker, D.M. (author), Maaskant, M. (author), van der Meer, E.J. (author)
An increasing amount of vehicles are equipped with driver assistance systems; many of the vehicles currently on the market can be optionally equipped with adaptive cruise control and lane centering systems. Using both systems at the same time brings the vehicle to SAE level-2 automation. This means a driver does not need to perform longitudinal...
article 2019
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Saberi, A.K. (author), Vissers, J. (author), Benders, F.P.A. (author)
Initiatives such as smart mobility and automated driving bring new concerns such as safety and security for the automotive industry. New architecture and designs are required for the in-vehicle systems to address these emerging concerns. Early design decisions have a large impact on the required functionalities as well as the quality attributes...
conference paper 2019
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van den Broek, A.C. (author), van der Velde, J. (author), van den Baar, R.M.E.M. (author), Nijsten, L. (author), van Heijster, R. (author)
We present a study of border surveillance systems for automatic threat estimation. The surveillance systems should allow border control operators to be triggered in time so that adequate responses are possible. Examples of threats are smuggling, possibly by using small vessels, cars or drones, and threats caused by unwanted persons (e.g....
conference paper 2019
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Boelhouwer, A. (author), van Dijk, J. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Cars that include combinations of automated functions, such as Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and Lane Keeping (LK), are becoming more and more available to consumers, and higher levels of automation are under development. In the use of these systems, the role of the driver is changing. This new interaction between the driver and the vehicle may...
conference paper 2019
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Zhang, B. (author), Wilschut, E.S. (author), Willemsen, D.M.C. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Automated truck platooning is getting an increasing interest for its potentially beneficial effects on fuel consumption, driver workload, traffic flow efficiency, and safety. Nevertheless, one major challenge lies in the safe and comfortable transitions of control from the automated system back to the human drivers, especially when they have...
article 2019
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Kox, E. (author), Kerstholt, J. (author), Hueting, T. (author), Barnhoorn, J. (author), Eikelboom, A. (author)
C2 processes will be increasingly affected by automation. Think, for example, of artificial intelligence that supports situation awareness or gives advice on a course of action. Insight into these effects are particularly important as automation evolves from intelligent task support towards an intelligent teammate. To enable effective human...
conference paper 2019
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Walker, F. (author), Wang, J. (author), Martens, M.H. (author), Verwey, W.B. (author)
Studies show that drivers’ intention to use automated vehicles is strongly modulated by trust. It follows that their benefits are unlikely to be achieved if users do not trust them. To date, most studies of trust in automated vehicles have relied on self-reports. However, questionnaires cannot capture real-time changes in drivers’ trust, and are...
article 2019
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Schönemann, V. (author), Winner, H. (author), Glock, T. (author), Otten, S. (author), Sax, E. (author), Boeddeker, B. (author), Verhaeg, G. (author), Tronci, F. (author), Padilla, G.G. (author)
New safety challenges have to be targeted due to the development of fully automated vehicles in the upcoming future. However, designing safe vehicle automation systems is essential. This work presents a scenario-based methodology for functional safety analysis according to the ISO 26262 using the example of automated valet parking . The vehicle...
conference paper 2019
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Zhang, B. (author), de Winter, J. (author), Varotto, S. (author), Happee, R. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
An important question in automated driving research is how quickly drivers take over control of the vehicle in response to a critical event or a take-over request. Although a large number of studies have been performed, results vary strongly. In this study, we investigated mean take-over times from 129 studies with SAE level 2 automation or...
article 2019
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Lu, Z. (author), Zhang, B. (author), Feldhütter, A. (author), Happee, R. (author), Martens, M. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
In conditionally automated driving, drivers do not have to monitor the road, whereas in partially automated driving, drivers have to monitor the road permanently. We evaluated a dynamic allocation of monitoring tasks to human and automation by providing a monitoring request (MR) before a possible take-over request (TOR), with the aim to better...
article 2019
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