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Nederlands Instituut voor Praeventieve Gezondheidszorg TNO (author), Verlinde, J.D. (author), Boer, H.D. (author)
The experiments of Havens, Ward, Drill and Paul, a Neefe and his associates4, 5,~,~ and:Paul, Havens, Sabin and Philip 9 on human volunteers make the virus etiology of infectious hepatitis at the least highly probable. The virus seems to be present in the blood, the feces and perhaps in the urine and the throat washings. As the human experiment...
article 1948
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Padmos, P. (author)
other 1974
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Centraal laboratorium TNO (author)
This book owes its conception to an Advanced Research Institute held in the Netherlands, 24-30 September 1978, under the sponsorship of the ECo-Sciences Panel of the NATO Science Committee. IE was attended by 35 experts from 12 NATO as welI as non-NATO countries.
conference paper 1979
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Instituut voor Voedingsmiddelentechnologie TNO (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), de Kruif, C.A. (author), van Iersel, A.A.J. (author), Noordhoek, J. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Falke, H.E. (author)
Male Wistar rats were given semi-synthetic diets supplemented with 0, 2.5, 5 and 20% cooked Brussels sprouts for 2, 7, 14 or 28 days. The effects on several cytochrome P-450 enzymes and phase II enzymes (glutathione S-transferase (GST), glucuronyl transferases 1 and 2 (GT1 and GT2) and DT-diaphorase (DTD)) in the liver and small intestinal...
article 1992
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Heeney, J.L. (author), van Els, C. (author), de Vries, P. (author), ten Haaft, P. (author), Otting, N. (author), Koornstra, W. (author), Boes, J. (author), Dubbes, R. (author), Niphuis, H. (author), Dings, M. (author), Cranage, M. (author), Norley, S. (author), Jonker, M. (author), Bontrop, R.E. (author), Osterhaus, A. (author)
To evaluate the effectiveness of vaccine protection from infected cells from another individual of the same species, vaccinated rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) were challenged with peripheral blood mononuclear cells from another animal diagnosed with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Half of the simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV)...
article 1994
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Tang, C. (author), Biemond, I. (author), Appel, M.J. (author), Visser, C.J.T. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Lamers, C.B.H.W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Gut peptides are involved in the growth and carcinogenesis of the exocrine pancreas of rats after treatment with azaserine. However, little is known about the influence of azaserine on expression of gut peptide receptors in the pancreas of the rat. Cholecystokinin, bombesin, somatostatin, secretin and vasoactive intestinal peptide receptors were...
article 1995
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Schutte, J.B. (author), Pack, M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
1. Two growth trials were performed to measure the effects of dietary methionine and cystine (SAA) on growth rate, food conversion efficiency and breast meat deposition in male broilers. 2. In experiment 1, broilers were grown on 6 experimental diets covering a range from 6.9 to 9.6 g SAA/kg. The diets were fed from 15 to 33 d of age. Similarly,...
article 1995
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Feron, V.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Cassee, F.R. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A major challenge for the toxicologist involved in safety evaluation of chemical mixtures is to test the hypothesis that as a rule exposure to mixtures of chemicals at (low) non-toxic doses of the individual chemicals is of no health concern. A series of repeated dose studies in rats with defined mixtures of chemicals with the same or different...
article 1995
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Feron, V.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Zorge, J.A. (author), Cassee, F.R. (author), Jonker, D. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Mixtures of chemicals with different target organs or the same target organ but different target sites or different modes of action did not appear to be distinctly more hazardous than the individual chemicals, provided the dose level of each chemical in the mixture did not exceed its own 'No-Observed-Adverse-Effect Level'. Clearly, for such...
article 1995
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Otter, M. (author), Kuiper, J. (author), Rijken, D. (author), van Zonneveld, A.-J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
To characterize the primary structure of rat Vn, a cDNA library constructed from freshly isolated rat hepatocytes, was screened with a human Vn cDNA probe. Comparison of the sequence of the obtained rat cDNA clone with the sequences of human, mouse and rabbit Vn cDNA's showed predominantly consensus in the somatomedin B domain, the RGD-sequence...
article 1995
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Kappers, W.A. (author), de Groene, E.M. (author), Kleij, L.A. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Zweers-Zeilmaker, W.M. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Horbach, G.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
1. To study the role of cytochrome P4502C10 in the metabolism of the non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) diclofenac, phenylbutazone, fenoprofen, ibuprofen, flurbiprofen, ketoprofen and naproxen, a cell line was developed stably expressing CYP2C10 cDNA. A retroviral vector construct, containing a human CYP2C10 cDNA, was transfected in...
article 1996
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Bos-Kuijpers, M.H.M. (author), Til, H.P. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The potential toxicity and carcinogenicity of erythritol, a low-calorie sugar substitute, were examined in Wistar Crl:(WI) WU BR rats. Groups of 50 rats of each sex consumed diets with 0, 2, 5, or 10% erythritol, or 10% mannitol, for a period of 104-107 weeks. To each of these main groups, two satellite groups of 20 males each were attached for...
article 1996
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Visser, C.J.T. (author), van Garderen-Hoetmer, A. (author), Klijn, J.G.M. (author), Foekens, J.A. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
In a previous short-term study (4 months) we found that Sandostatin, when administered prophylactically, inhibited growth of putative pre-neoplastic ductular lesions induced in hamster pancreas by N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP), but not of acinar lesions induced in rat pancreas by azaserine. The present long-term (12 months) study was...
article 1996
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Bessems, J.G.M. (author), te Koppele, J.M. (author), van Dijk, P.A. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), Leiden/Amsterdam Ctr. for Drug Res., Division of Molecular Toxicology, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV Amsterdam, Netherlands Dept. Vasc. Connective Tissue Res TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
1. The cytochrome P450-dependent binding of paracetamol and a series of 3,5-disubstituted paracetamol analogues (R = -F, -Cl, -Br, -I, -C(H)3, -C2H5, -iC3H7) have been determined with β-naphthoflavone (βNF)-induced rat liver microsomes and produced reverse type I spectral changes. K(s,app) varied from 0.14 mM for 3,5-diiC3H7-paracetamol to 2.8...
article 1996
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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Steenwinkel, M.J.S.T. (author), van Asten, J.G. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To study the possible reduction by eugenol of the mutagenicity and genotoxicity of benzoja]pyrene (B[a]P) in vivo, the X-lacZ-transgenic mouse strain 40.6 (Muta(TM)Mouse) was used. Male mice were fed a diet containing 0.4% (w/w) eugenol or a control diet for 58 days. On day 10, half of the mice received an i.p. dose of 100 mg/kg b.w. B[a]P. The...
article 1996
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Mestecky, J. (author), Hamilton, R.G. (author), Magnusson, C.G.M. (author), Jefferis, R. (author), Vaerman, J.P. (author), Goodall, M. (author), de Lange, G.G. (author), Moro, I. (author), Aucouturier, P. (author), Radl, J. (author), Cambiaso, C. (author), Silvain, C. (author), Preud'homme, J.L. (author), Kusama, K. (author), Carlone, G.M. (author), Biewenga, J. (author), Kobayashi, K. (author), Skvaril, F. (author), Reimer, C.B. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
51 monoclonal antibodies (McAb) with putative specificity for human IgA, the IgA subclasses, Am allotypes or secretory component (SC) were evaluated for immunoreactivity and specificity by nine laboratories employing immunodiffusion, agglutination, immunohistological assays, immunoblotting and direct binding and competitive inhibition enzyme...
article 1996
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Gruys, E. (author), Tooten, P.C.J. (author), Kuijpers, M.H.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Amyloid deposits represent frequent histological findings in SPF strains of mice mainly used for toxicological studies. Usually, these are deposits of reactive amyloid (AA-amyloid) derived from the acute phase protein serum amyloid A (SAA). The SAA is an apoprotein of high density lipoprotein (apoSAA). Senescence-accelerated amyloid (ASsam)...
article 1996
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Rompelberg, C.J.M. (author), Evertz, S.J.C.J. (author), Bruijntjes-Rozier, G.C.D.M. (author), van den Heuvel, P.D. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The influence of in vivo treatment with eugenol on established mutagens was studied to determine whether eugenol has antigenotoxic potential. The effects of eugenol in rats was investigated in the unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) assay with established mutagens and the Salmonella typhimurium mutagenicity assay. In addition, the effect of in vitro...
article 1996
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van der Aar, E.M. (author), Buikema, D. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author), te Koppele, J.M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), Leiden/Amsterdam Ctr. for Drug Res., Department of Pharmacochemistry, Vrije Universiteit, De Boelelaan 1083, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, Netherlands TNO Preventie en Gezondheid TNO Voeding (author)
1. Four different rat glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes, belonging to three different classes, were examined for their GSH conjugating capacity towards 11 2-substituted 1-chloro-4-nitrobenzene derivatives. Significant differences were found in their enzyme kinetic parameters K(m), k(cat) and k(cat)/K(m). 2. Substrates with bulky...
article 1996
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Groot, P.H.E. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Benson, G.M. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Schiffelers, R. (author), Vidgeon-Hart, M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Department of Vascular Biology, SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Frythe, Welwyn, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom TNO-Prevention and Health, Gaubius Laboratory, Leiden, Netherlands SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals, Frythe, Welwyn (Herts), AL6 9AR, United Kingdom TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Transgenic mice overexpressing the human dysfunctional apolipoprotein E variant, APOE*3 Leiden, develop hyperlipidemia and are highly susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of diet composition and feeding period on serum cholesterol exposure and the amount of atherosclerosis in the aortic...
article 1996
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