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Walczak, A.P. (author), Hendriksen, P.J.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), van der Zande, M. (author), Undas, A.K. (author), Helsdingen, R. (author), van den Berg, H.H.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Bouwmeester, H. (author)
The likelihood of oral exposure to nanoparticles (NPs) is increasing, and it is necessary to evaluate the oral bioavailability of NPs. In vitro approaches could help reducing animal studies, but validation against in vivo studies is essential. Previously, we assessed the translocation of 50 nm polystyrene NPs of different charges (neutral,...
article 2015
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Zacharowski, K. (author), Zacharowski, P.A. (author), Friedl, P. (author), Mastan, P. (author), Koch, A. (author), Boehm, O. (author), Rother, R.P. (author), Reingruber, S. (author), Henning, R. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Petzelbauer, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Many compounds have been shown to prevent reperfusion injury in various animal models, although to date, translation into clinic has revealed several obstacles. Therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened a working group to discuss reasons for such failure. As a result, the concept of adequately powered, blinded, randomized...
article 2007
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Westerterp, M. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - The role of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) in the development of atherosclerosis is still undergoing debate. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of human CETP expression on atherosclerosis in APOE*3-Leiden (E3L) mice with a humanized lipoprotein profile. METHODS AND RESULTS - E3L mice were crossbred with human CETP...
article 2006
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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den Boer, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Epidemiological studies in humans, as well as experimental studies in animal models, have shown an association between visceral obesity and dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, attention has been focused on the excessive accumulation of triglycerides (TG) in the liver as part of this syndrome. In this review,...
article 2004
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van den Berg, A.P. (author), van den Berg-Blok, A.E. (author), Kal, H.B. (author), Reinhold, H.S. (author)
Purpose: To assess the therapeutic gain (at the TCD50 level) that can be obtained by boosting thermoradiotherapy with intravenous glucose infusion at different temperatures. This completes our series of studies to determine the optimal conditions and the effectiveness of glucose administration at clinically achievable glucose levels and...
article 2001
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Godschalk, R.W.L. (author), Moonen, E.J.C. (author), Schilderman, A.E.L. (author), Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), van Schooten, F.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Understanding the kinetics of aromatic-DNA adducts in target tissues and white blood cells (WBC) would enhance the applicability of DNA adducts in WBC as surrogate source of DNA in biomonitoring studies. In the present study, rats were acutely exposed to benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P; 10 mg/kg body wt) via intratracheal (i.t.), dermal and oral...
article 2000
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Cappaert, N.L.M. (author), Klis, S.F.L. (author), Baretta, A.B. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Smoorenburg, G.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to ethyl benzene at 0, 300, 400 and 550 ppm for 8 hours/day for 5 consecutive days. Three to six weeks after the exposure, auditory function was tested by measuring compound action potentials (CAP) in the frequency range of 1-24 kHz and 2f1-f2 distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) in the frequency range of 4-22.6...
article 2000
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van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In vitro and in vivo skin absorption of the pesticide propoxur (2-isopropoxyphenyl N-methyl carbamate, commercially Baygon(TM) and Unden(TM); log Po/w 1.56, MW 209.2) was investigated. In vivo studies were performed in rats and human volunteers, applying the test compound to the dorsal skin and the volar aspect of the forearm, respectively. In...
article 2000
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Geutskens, S.B. (author), van der Eb, M.M. (author), Plomp, A.C. (author), Jonges, L.E. (author), Cramer, S.J. (author), Ensink, N.G. (author), Kuppen, P.J.K. (author), Hoeben, R.C. (author)
The host-immune response against adenoviruses forms a major obstacle for their use as gene therapy vectors for treatment of genetic defects. None the less, they are the preferred vectors for in vivo gene transfer in experimental gene therapy protocols for cancer. In this article we demonstrate the antitumor efficacy of adenovirus-mediated...
article 2000
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Graaf, I.A.M. (author), Tajima, O. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) and cell proliferation were studied in control and 1,1'-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2,-trichloroethane (DDT) treated precision-cut liver slices of rat by evaluating connexin 32 (Cx32) expression and 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation. In addition, the effect of different culture media (RPMI...
article 2000
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Knippels, L.M.J. (author), van der Kleij, H.P.M. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Felius, A.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: No adequate enteral sensitization models are available to study food allergy and the allergenicity of food proteins. To further validate an enteral brown Norway (BN) rat sensitization model under development, we studied specific protein recognition to determine whether a comparable pattern of proteins is recognized by the rat immune...
article 2000
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Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), van Meeteren, M. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
No adequate enteral sensitization models are available to study food allergy and allergenicity of food proteins. Using a previously described oral sensitization protocol to sensitize Brown Norway rats (BN) to food proteins, the influence of genetically-based strain-specific characteristics of the immune system on the outcome of oral...
article 1999
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Woutersen, R.A. (author), Appel, M.J. (author), van Garderen-Hoetmer, A. (author), Wijnands, M.V.W. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Epidemiologic investigations have suggested a relationship between dietary fat intake and various types of cancer incidences. Furthermore, epidemiologic studies as well as studies with animal models have demonstrated that not only the amount but also the type of fat consumed is important. At present, the mechanism by which dietary fat modulates...
article 1999
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Woutersen, R.A. (author), Appel, M.J. (author), Garderen van -Hoetmer, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Previously performed short-term (4-month) studies demonstrated that vitamins C and E, β-carotene and selenium modulate growth of early putative preneoplastic acinar lesions induced in rat pancreas by azaserine. The present paper summarizes the results of long-term studies performed with azaserine-treated rats maintained on diets high in either β...
article 1999
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van Rozendaal, B.A.W.M. (author), van de Lest, C.H.A. (author), van Eijk, M. (author), van Golde, L.M.G. (author), Voorhout, W.F. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author), Haagsman, H.P. (author)
Collectins are carbohydrate binding proteins that are implicated in innate host defense. The lung collectins, surfactant proteins A and D (SP-A and SP-D), bind a variety of pathogens in vitro and influence phagocytosis by alveolar macrophages. In this report we show that SP-D binds endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) in vivo in a rat model of...
article 1999
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Bär, A. (author), Lina, B.A.R. (author), de Groot, D.M.G. (author), de Bie, B. (author), Appel, M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
D-Tagatose is an incompletely absorbed ketohexose (stereoisomer of D-fructose) which has potential as an energy-reduced alternative sweetener. In an earlier 90-day toxicity study, rats fed diets with 10, 15 and 20% D-tagatose exhibited increased liver weights, but no histopathological alterations. To determine whether there might be any...
article 1999
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Cappaert, N.L.M. (author), Klis, S.F.L. (author), Muijser, H. (author), de Groot, J.C.M.J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Smoorenburg, G.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Exposure to organic solvents has been shown to be ototoxic in animals and there is evidence that these solvents can induce hearing loss in humans. In this study, the effects of inhalation of the possibly ototoxic solvent ethyl benzene on the cochlear function and morphology were evaluated using three complementary techniques: (1) reflex...
article 1999
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Knippels, L.M.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Smit, J.J. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Although several in vivo antigenicity assays using parenteral immunization are operational, no full validated enteral models are available to study food allergy and allergenicity of food proteins. To further validate a developed enteral Brown Norway (BN) rat food allergy model, systemic and local immune-mediated reactions were studied upon oral...
article 1999
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Rijnkels, J.M. (author), Hollanders, V.M.H. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Koeman, J.H. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The potential inhibitory effects of a vegetables-fruit mixture on the initiation and promotion phases of azoxymethane-induced colorectal carcinogenesis were examined in rats fed low- or high-fat diets. Rats were fed low-fat diets (20 energy percent, Diets A and B) or high-fat diets (40 energy percent, Diets C and D), supplemented with a...
article 1998
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