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Lindeman, J.H.N. (author), Abdul-Hussien, H. (author), Schaapherder, A.F.M. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), von der Thüsen, J.H. (author), Roelen, D.L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of an AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm); however, the nature of the inflammatory factors and cellular response(s) involved in AAA growth is controversial. In the present study, we set out to determine the aortic levels of inflammatory cytokines in relation to downstream inflammatory transcription...
article 2008
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Jansen, N.W.D. (author), Roosendaal, G. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Theobald, M. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Joint bleeds have a direct adverse effect on joint cartilage, leading to joint deterioration and, ultimately, to disability. Objective: To examine the hypothesis that because degenerated cartilage has a limited repair capacity, it is more susceptible than healthy cartilage to blood-induced cartilage damage. Methods: Healthy,...
article 2008
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Bergheanu, S.C. (author), Reijmers, T. (author), Zwinderman, A.H. (author), Bobeldijk, I. (author), Ramaker, R. (author), Liem, A.-H. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Lipid profiling (lipidomics) may be useful in revealing detailed information with regard to the effects on lipid metabolism, the cardiovascular risk and to differentiate between therapies. The aims of the present study were to: (1) analyze in depth the lipid changes induced by rosuvastatin and atorvastatin at different dosages; (2)...
article 2008
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Norris, L.A. (author), Brosnan, J. (author), Bonnar, J. (author), Conard, J. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Hellgren, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Epidemiological studies have shown that hormone therapy (HT) increases the risk of venous thromboembolism in post menopausal women. The mechanism of this increased risk is unknown; however, activation of the haemostatic system is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism. In post-menopausal women the estrogen /progestogen...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Sivan, S.S. (author), Tsitron, E. (author), Wachtel, E. (author), Roughley, P.J. (author), Sakkee, N. (author), van der Ham, F. (author), Groot, J.de (author), Roberts, S. (author), Maroudas, A. (author)
We have used the racemization of aspartic acid as a marker for the "molecular age" of aggrecan components of the human intervertebral disc matrix (aggregating and non-aggregating proteoglycans as well as the different buoyant density fractions of aggrecan). By measuring the D/L Asp ratio of the various aggrecan species as a function of age and...
article 2006
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author), Mommers, M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author)
Ovary cancer risk in relation to consumption of dairy products was investigated using a self-administered questionnaire on dietary habits and other risk factors for cancer, which was completed in 1986 by 62 573 postmenopausal women participating in the Netherlands Cohort Study. Follow-up for cancer was implemented by annual record linkage with...
article 2006
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Cho, E. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Beeson, W.L. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G.E. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Pietinen, P. (author), Potter, J.D. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Terry, P. (author), Toniolo, P. (author), Virtanen, M.J. (author), Willet, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Wu, K. (author), Yaun, S.-S. (author), Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: Studies in animals have suggested that calcium may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. However, results from epidemiologic studies of intake of calcium or dairy foods and colorectal cancer risk have been inconclusive. Methods: We pooled the primary data from 10 cohort studies in five countries that assessed usual dietary intake by...
article 2004
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Sierksma, A. (author), Lebrun, C.E.I. (author), van der Schouw, Y.T. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Lamberts, S.W.J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective-Moderate alcohol consumption has been postulated to be cardioprotective. Such an effect might be reflected in large-artery properties, such as arterial stiffness and wave reflections. Methods and Results-Three hundred seventy-one healthy postmenopausal women aged 50 to 74 years were sampled from a population-based study. Alcohol intake...
article 2004
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Sierksma, A. (author), Muller, M. (author), van der Schouw, Y.T. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: Moderate alcohol consumption has been proposed to be anti-atherogenic and protect against coronary heart disease. Arterial stiffness provides a summary measure of atherosclerotic arterial damage and cardiovascular risk. A vascular protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption would be reflected in an inverse association between...
article 2004
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TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author), Markus, C.R. (author), Sierksma, A. (author), Verbeek, C. (author), van Rooijen, J.J.M. (author), Patel, H.J. (author), Brand, A.N. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author)
Brain serotonin (5-HT) synthesis is controlled by nutrients that influence the availability of plasma tryptophan (Trp) as compared with the sum of the other large neutral amino acids (LNAA; Trp:LNAA). Alcohol consumption is found to change mood and performance and this might well be due to alterations in the plasma Trp:LNAA ratio and brain 5-HT....
article 2004
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Witte, D.R. (author), Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Princen, J.M.G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) are measures of distinct functions of the endothelium, reflecting nitric oxide (NO)-mediated and pro-inflammatory status, respectively. The comparative value of the two measures in relation to cardiovascular risk is unknown....
article 2003
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Verhoef, P. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Urgert, R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Background: A high plasma total homocysteine concentration is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Consumption of unfiltered or filtered coffee raises total homocysteine concentrations in healthy volunteers. The responsible compound, however, is unknown. Objective: The objective was to determine whether caffeine explains the...
article 2002
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TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Mojet, J. (author), van Gemert, L.J. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Marquart, J. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Feron, V.J. (author)
Studies on the irritative effects of acetone vapor in humans and experimental animals have revealed large differences in the lowest acetone concentration found to be irritative to the respiratory tract and eyes. This has brought on much confusion in the process of setting occupational exposure limits for acetone. A literature survey was carried...
article 2002
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a product rich in transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS, Elix'or) stimulates true Ca absorption in postmenopausal women. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover study, consisting of two 9-d treatment periods separated by a 19-d washout period. During the treatment periods, 12 subjects drank...
article 2000
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Kampman, E. (author), Voskuil, D.W. (author), van Kraats, A.A. (author), Balder, H.F. (author), van Muijen, G.N.P. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
K-ras gene mutations (codons 12 and 13) were determined by PCR-based mutant allele-specific amplification (MASA) in tumour tissue of 185 colon cancer patients: 36% harboured mutations, of which 82% were located in codon 12. High intakes of animal protein, calcium and poultry were differently associated with codon 12 and 13 mutations: odds ratios...
article 2000
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van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Yaun, S-S. (author), Adami, H-O. (author), Beeson, L. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Kushi, L. (author), Marshall, J.R. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Speizer, F.E. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The association between anthropometric indices and the risk of breast cancer was analyzed using pooled data from seven prospective cohort studies. Together, these cohorts comprise 337,819 women and 4,385 incident invasive breast cancer cases. In multivariate analyses controlling for reproductive, dietary, and other risk factors, the pooled...
article 2000
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Verzijl, N. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Thorpe, S.R. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Shaw, J.N. (author), Lyons, T.J. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), Baynes, J.W. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author)
Collagen molecules in articular cartilage have an exceptionally long lifetime, which makes them susceptible to the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). In fact, in comparison to other collagen-rich tissues, articular cartilage contains relatively high amounts of the AGE pentosidine. To test the hypothesis that this higher AGE...
article 2000
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Voskuil, D.W. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Kraats, A.A. (author), Balder, H.F. (author), van Muijen, G.N.P. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Epidemiological studies have suggested that dietary factors may differently affect p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways to colon cancer. Results of such studies may depend on the method used to assess p53 status. This case-control study of 185 colon-cancer cases and 259 controls examines this relation, using both immunohistochemistry and...
article 1999
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Schuurman, A.G. (author), Zeegers, M.P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
We investigated the risk of prostate cancer in relation to a family history of prostate cancer in 58,279 men ages 55-69 years. We found 704 incident cases after 6.3 years of follow-up. Rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals for having an affected vs nonaffected father and brother were, respectively 1.44 (0.80-2.58) and 5.57 (1.61-19.26). We...
article 1999
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Su, L.C.J. (author), Bui, M. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), Gomez-Aracena, J. (author), Martin-Moreno, J. (author), Martin, B. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Simonsen, N. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Strain, S. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Biomarkers of dietary exposure or nutritional status are sought actively to overcome limitations of traditional dietary methodology. We compared plasma and adipose tissue biomarkers for carotenoids and tocopherols. The data consisted of samples from 91 men and 122 women, ages 45-70 years, from the control group of the European Community...
article 1998
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