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Bots, M.L. (author), van der Bom, J.G. (author), Haverkate, F. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Kluft, C. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background and objective. A low activated protein C (APC) response increases the risk of venous thrombosis, and possibly arterial disease. Apart from the factor V Leiden mutation, other factors may determine the level of APC response. In most studies on the association with arterial disease, cardiovascular risk factors were not appropriately...
article 1996
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Biasucci, L.M. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Meo, A. (author), van der Greet, W. (author), Summaria, F. (author), Quaranta, G. (author), Liuzzo, G. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Maseri, A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
In order to investigate the role of the hemostatic, fibrinolytic and inflammatory system in unstable angina, we assessed the levels of thrombin-antithrombin III (TAT), Prothrombin Fragment 1+2 (F1+2), plasmin-antiplasmin (PAP) and D-Dimer (DD) and of C-reactive protein (CRP) in 51 patients admitted to our CCU with severe unstable angina. Thirty...
article 1996
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Heijmans, B.T. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), Lagaay, A.M. (author), Brand, A. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Knook, D.L. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The genetic component of human longevity is estimated at 30%. Which genes are involved in determining human longevity, however, is largely unknown. Genes that may affect human survival are susceptibility loci for major age related pathologies. Many studies are being performed to identify such loci for cardiovascular disease, dementia and...
article 1996
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Su, L.C.J. (author), Bui, M. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), Gomez-Aracena, J. (author), Martin-Moreno, J. (author), Martin, B. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Simonsen, N. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Strain, S. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Biomarkers of dietary exposure or nutritional status are sought actively to overcome limitations of traditional dietary methodology. We compared plasma and adipose tissue biomarkers for carotenoids and tocopherols. The data consisted of samples from 91 men and 122 women, ages 45-70 years, from the control group of the European Community...
article 1998
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Klipstein-Grobusch, K. (author), den Breeijen, J.H. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Geleijnse, J.M. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Witteman, J.C.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: The study was conducted to assess the relative validity of a 170-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) adapted for use in the elderly. Design and subjects: The study was carried out in a sample of 80 men and women aged 55-75 y participating in a community based prospective cohort study in Rotterdam, The Netherlands...
article 1998
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Simonsen, N. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Strain, J.J. (author), Martin-Moreno, J.M. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Navajas, J.F.-C. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The fatty acid content of adipose tissue in postmenopausal breast cancer cases and controls from five European countries in the European Community Multicenter Study on Antioxidants, Myocardial Infarction, and Cancer (EURAMIC) breast cancer study (1991-1992) was used to explore the hypothesis that fatty acids of the omega-3 family inhibit breast...
article 1998
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van de Vijver, L.P.L. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Kruijssen, D.A.C.M. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Accumulated evidence indicates that oxidative modification of LDL plays an important role in the atherogenic process. Therefore, we investigated the relation between coronary atherosclerosis and susceptibility of LDL to oxidation in a case-control study in men between 45 and 80 years of age. Case subjects and hospital control subjects were...
article 1998
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Voskuil, D.W. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Kraats, A.A. (author), Balder, H.F. (author), van Muijen, G.N.P. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Epidemiological studies have suggested that dietary factors may differently affect p53-dependent and p53-independent pathways to colon cancer. Results of such studies may depend on the method used to assess p53 status. This case-control study of 185 colon-cancer cases and 259 controls examines this relation, using both immunohistochemistry and...
article 1999
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Schuurman, A.G. (author), Zeegers, M.P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
We investigated the risk of prostate cancer in relation to a family history of prostate cancer in 58,279 men ages 55-69 years. We found 704 incident cases after 6.3 years of follow-up. Rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals for having an affected vs nonaffected father and brother were, respectively 1.44 (0.80-2.58) and 5.57 (1.61-19.26). We...
article 1999
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Westhoff, M.H. (author), Stemmerik, L. (author), Boshuizen, H.C. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
This study's purpose was to investigate whether a 10-week low-intensity strength-training program could improve strength of the knee extensors and functional ability. Participants 65 years and older with low knee-extensor muscle strength were randomized into an exercise (n = 11) and a control group (n = 10). Knee-extensor strength and functional...
article 2000
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a product rich in transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS, Elix'or) stimulates true Ca absorption in postmenopausal women. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover study, consisting of two 9-d treatment periods separated by a 19-d washout period. During the treatment periods, 12 subjects drank...
article 2000
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Kampman, E. (author), Voskuil, D.W. (author), van Kraats, A.A. (author), Balder, H.F. (author), van Muijen, G.N.P. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
K-ras gene mutations (codons 12 and 13) were determined by PCR-based mutant allele-specific amplification (MASA) in tumour tissue of 185 colon cancer patients: 36% harboured mutations, of which 82% were located in codon 12. High intakes of animal protein, calcium and poultry were differently associated with codon 12 and 13 mutations: odds ratios...
article 2000
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van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Yaun, S-S. (author), Adami, H-O. (author), Beeson, L. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Kushi, L. (author), Marshall, J.R. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Speizer, F.E. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The association between anthropometric indices and the risk of breast cancer was analyzed using pooled data from seven prospective cohort studies. Together, these cohorts comprise 337,819 women and 4,385 incident invasive breast cancer cases. In multivariate analyses controlling for reproductive, dietary, and other risk factors, the pooled...
article 2000
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Verzijl, N. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Thorpe, S.R. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Shaw, J.N. (author), Lyons, T.J. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), Baynes, J.W. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author)
Collagen molecules in articular cartilage have an exceptionally long lifetime, which makes them susceptible to the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). In fact, in comparison to other collagen-rich tissues, articular cartilage contains relatively high amounts of the AGE pentosidine. To test the hypothesis that this higher AGE...
article 2000
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Verhoef, P. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Urgert, R. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Background: A high plasma total homocysteine concentration is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Consumption of unfiltered or filtered coffee raises total homocysteine concentrations in healthy volunteers. The responsible compound, however, is unknown. Objective: The objective was to determine whether caffeine explains the...
article 2002
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TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Mojet, J. (author), van Gemert, L.J. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Marquart, J. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Feron, V.J. (author)
Studies on the irritative effects of acetone vapor in humans and experimental animals have revealed large differences in the lowest acetone concentration found to be irritative to the respiratory tract and eyes. This has brought on much confusion in the process of setting occupational exposure limits for acetone. A literature survey was carried...
article 2002
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Witte, D.R. (author), Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Princen, J.M.G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) are measures of distinct functions of the endothelium, reflecting nitric oxide (NO)-mediated and pro-inflammatory status, respectively. The comparative value of the two measures in relation to cardiovascular risk is unknown....
article 2003
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), van der Plas, S.M. (author), Hansen, B.E. (author), de Boer, J.B. (author), Stijnen, T. (author), Passchier, J. (author), de Man, R.A. (author), Schalm, S.W. (author)
Background: Studies on Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of chronic liver patients were performed in clinical populations. These studies included various disease stages but small variations in aetiology and no transplanted patients. We performed a large HRQoL study in non-cirrhotic, cirrhotic and transplanted liver patients with sufficient...
article 2003
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Cho, E. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Beeson, W.L. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G.E. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Pietinen, P. (author), Potter, J.D. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Terry, P. (author), Toniolo, P. (author), Virtanen, M.J. (author), Willet, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Wu, K. (author), Yaun, S.-S. (author), Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: Studies in animals have suggested that calcium may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. However, results from epidemiologic studies of intake of calcium or dairy foods and colorectal cancer risk have been inconclusive. Methods: We pooled the primary data from 10 cohort studies in five countries that assessed usual dietary intake by...
article 2004
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Lüchtenborg, M. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), Roemen, G.M.J.M. (author), de Bruïne, A.P. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Lentjes, M.H.F.M. (author), Brink, M. (author), van Engeland, M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), de Goeij, A.F.P.M. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene is considered to be a gatekeeper in colorectal tumourigenesis. Inactivating mutations in APC have been reported in 34-70% of sporadic colorectal cancer patients, the majority of which occur in the mutation cluster region (MCR). In this study, tumour tissue from 665 incident colorectal cancer patients,...
article 2004
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