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Aguirre, M. (author), Ramiro-Garcia, J. (author), Koenen, M.E. (author), Venema, K. (author)
This study investigated the stability and the activity of the microbiota from a single and a pool of donors in the TNO in vitro model of the colon (TIM-2 system). Our findings demonstrate the suitability of the preparation of a pool of fecal sample to be used for fermentation experiments. Chemicals/CAS: isobutyric acid, 5711-69-3, 79-31-2;...
article 2014
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Lanting, C.I. (author), van Wouwe, J.P. (author), van den Burg, I. (author), Segaar, D. (author), van der Pal-de Bruin, K.M. (author)
Doel. Het vaststellen van trends in de rookprevalentie onder zwangeren in de periode 2001-2010 en deze prevalentie relateren aan verschillen naar opleidingsniveau. Opzet. Beschrijvend; landelijke peilingen. Methode. In 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007 en 2010 werden via organisaties voor jeugdgezondheidszorg tijdens het periodiek...
article 2012
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Elsinga, J. (author), de Jong-Potjer, L.C. (author), van der Pal-de Bruin, K.M. (author), le Cessie, S. (author), Assendelft, W.J.J. (author), Buitendijk, S.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies suggest that the basis for adverse pregnancy outcomes is often established early in pregnancy, during organogenesis. It is therefore important to take preventive action as early as possible, preferably before pregnancy. Because most adverse pregnancy outcomes occur in women who are unaware of being at risk, we...
article 2008
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de Korte, E.M. (author), de Kraker, H. (author), Bongers, P.M. (author), van Lingen, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the effects of a tactile feedback signal in a computer mouse on reduction of hovering behaviour and consequently on changes in muscle load, productivity, comfort and user friendliness, a comparative, experimental study with repeated measures was conducted. Fifteen subjects performed five trials with different mouse actions and a...
article 2008
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van Beijsterveldt, A.M. (author), Steffen, K. (author), Stubbe, J.H. (author), Frederiks, J.E. (author), van de Port, I.G.L. (author), Backx, F.J.G. (author)
OBJECTIVE:: To describe characteristics of outdoor soccer injury and recovery among Dutch soccer players. DESIGN:: Prospective cohort study. SETTING:: The 2009-2010 competitive season (33 weeks). PARTICIPANTS:: Four hundred fifty-six Dutch male soccer players of 23 amateur teams. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:: Coaches recorded individual exposure to...
article 2014
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van de Vijfeijke, H. (author), Leijten, F.R. (author), Ybema, J.F. (author), van den Heuvel, S.G. (author), Robroek, S.J. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), Burdorf, A. (author), Taris, T.W. (author)
OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether mental and physical health relate differently to work ability and whether these associations vary with coping style. METHODS: A 1-year longitudinal study was conducted among 8842 employees aged 45 to 64 years from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation. On-line questionnaires...
article 2013
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Schrieks, I.C. (author), Heil, A.L. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), Mukamal, K.J. (author), Beulens, J.W. (author)
OBJECTIVE: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. This reduced risk might be explained by improved insulin sensitivity or improved glycemic status, but results of intervention studies on this relation are inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of...
article 2015
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Remoundou, K. (author), Brennan, M. (author), Sacchettini, G. (author), Panzone, L. (author), Butler-Ellis, M.C. (author), Capri, E. (author), Charistou, A. (author), Chaideftou, E. (author), Gerritsen-Ebben, M.G. (author), Machera, K. (author), Spanoghe, P. (author), Glass, R. (author), Marchis, A. (author), Doanngoc, K. (author), Hart, A. (author), Frewer, L.J. (author)
The EU Directive on the sustainable use of pesticides (EU128/2009/EC) requires European Member States to develop training activities targeting occupational exposure to pesticides, and communication material aimed at residents and bystanders. Risk perceptions, knowledge and attitudes associated with passive and occupational exposure to pesticide...
article 2015
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Wopereis, S. (author), Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Boessen, R. (author), Kardinaal, A.A.F. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Background: A key feature of metabolic health is the ability to adapt upon dietary perturbations. Recently, it was shown that metabolic challenge tests in combination with the new generation biomarkers allow the simultaneous quantification of major metabolic health processes. Currently, applied challenge tests are largely non-standardized. A...
article 2017
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Vlaming, M.L. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Dillingh, M.R. (author), Brands, R. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Hendrikse, N.H. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), de Koning, M.C. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Mocking, J.A. (author), Sandman, H. (author), de Ligt, R.A. (author), Fabriek, B.O. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Seinen, W. (author), Alves, T. (author), Carrondo, M. (author), Peixoto, C. (author), Peeters, P.A. (author), Vaes, W.H. (author)
Preclinical development of new biological entities (NBEs), such as human protein therapeutics, requires considerable expenditure of time and costs. Poor prediction of pharmacokinetics in humans further reduces net efficiency. In this study, we show for the first time that pharmacokinetic data of NBEs in humans can be successfully obtained early...
article 2015
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Wiefferink, C.H. (author), Detmar, S.B. (author), Coumans, B. (author), Vogels, T. (author), Paulussen, T.G.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The aim of this study is to identify the social psychological determinants of the use of performance-enhancing drugs by gym users who practice bodybuilding, fitness, powerlifting or combat sports. In this questionnaire-based study, 144 respondents answered questions on their actual use and intention to use such drugs and also on their background...
article 2008
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), de Zoete, E.C. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a decreased risk of type II diabetes. This study investigates the effect of moderate alcohol consumption on adipokines and insulin sensitivity. Subjects: Twenty healthy, lean (body mass index (BMI) 18.5-25 kg/m2; n=11) or overweight (BMI>27 kg/m2; n=9) men (18-25 years). Methods: Three...
article 2008
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Remington, B.C. (author), Baumert, J.L. (author), Blom, W.M. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Taylor, S.L. (author), Kruizinga, A.G. (author)
Background Allergens in food may pose a risk to allergic consumers. While there is EU regulation for allergens present as an ingredient, this is not the case for unintended allergen presence (UAP). Food companies use precautionary allergen labels to inform allergic individuals of a potential risk from UAPs. This study investigates the risk of an...
article 2015
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Nohynek, G.J. (author), Skare, J.A. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Wehmeyer, K.R. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Dufour, E.K. (author), Fautz, R. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bramante, M. (author), Toutain, H. (author)
Systemic exposure was measured in humans after hair dyeing with oxidative hair dyes containing 2.0% (A) or 1.0% (B) [14C]-p-phenylenediamine (PPD). Hair was dyed, rinsed, dried, clipped and shaved; blood and urine samples were collected for 48 hours after application. [14C] was measured in all materials, rinsing water, hair, plasma, urine and...
article 2015
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Gärtner, F.R. (author), de Miranda, E. (author), Rijnders, M.E. (author), Freeman, L.M. (author), Middeldorp, J.M. (author), Bloemenkamp, K.W.M. (author), Stiggelbout, A.M. (author), van den Akker-van Marle, M.E. (author)
Objectives To validate the Labor and Delivery Index (LADY-X), a new delivery-specific utility measure. Study Design and Setting In a test–retest design, women were surveyed online, 6 to 8 weeks postpartum and again 1 to 2 weeks later. For reliability testing, we assessed the standard error of measurement (S.E.M.) and the intraclass correlation...
article 2015
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Offermans, N.S.M. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Burdorf, A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Keszei, A.P. (author), Peters, S. (author), Kauppinen, T. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author)
The evidence for an association between occupational asbestos exposure and esophageal, gastric and colorectal cancer is limited. We studied this association specifically addressing risk differences between relatively low and high exposure, risk associated with cancer subtypes, the influence of potential confounders and the interaction between...
article 2014
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Coenen, P. (author), Formanoy, M. (author), Douwes, M. (author), Bosch, T. (author), de Kraker, H. (author)
Exposure to mechanical vibrations at work (e.g., due to handling powered tools) is a potential occupational risk as it may cause upper extremity complaints. However, reliable and valid assessment methods for vibration exposure at work are lacking. Measuring hand-arm vibration objectively is often difficult and expensive, while often used...
article 2014
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Guigas, B. (author), de Leeuw van Weenen, J.E. (author), van Leeuwen, N. (author), Simonis-Bik, A.M. (author), van Haeften, T.W. (author), Nijpels, G. (author), Houwing-Duistermaat, J.J. (author), Beekman, M. (author), Deelen, J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Penninx, B.W.J.H. (author), Vogelzangs, N. (author), van 't Riet, E. (author), Dehghan, A. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Witteman, J.C. (author), Uitterlinden, A.G. (author), Grarup, N. (author), Jørgensen, T. (author), Witte, D.R. (author), Lauritzen, T. (author), Hansen, T. (author), Pedersen, O. (author), Hottenga, J. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Diamant, M. (author), Kramer, M.H.H. (author), Heine, R.J. (author), Willemsen, G. (author), Dekker, J.M. (author), Eekhoff, E.M. (author), Pijl, H. (author), de Geus, E.J. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), 't Hart, L.M. (author)
Aims: Modulation of dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) activity affects insulin secretion in both rodents and isolated pancreatic β-cells. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms in the DRD2/ANKK1 locus may affect susceptibility to Type 2 diabetes in humans. Methods: Four potentially functional variants in the coding region of the DRD2...
article 2014
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Lukovac, S. (author), Belzer, C. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Keijser, B.J. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Montijn, R.C. (author), Roeselers, G. (author)
The gut microbiota is essential for numerous aspects of human health. However, the underlying mechanisms of many host-microbiota interactions remain unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize effects of the microbiota on host epithelium using a novel ex vivo model based on mouse ileal organoids. We have explored the transcriptional...
article 2014
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van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), Aam, M. (author)
BACKGROUND: Activation of the ileal brake, by infusing lipid directly into the distal part of the small intestine, alters gastrointestinal (GI) motility and inhibits food intake. The ileal brake effect on eating behavior of the other macronutrients is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of...
article 2015
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