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McNally, K. (author), Warren, N. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Entink, R.K. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Van Tongeren, M. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Tielemans, E. (author)
This paper describes a Bayesian model for the assessment of inhalation exposures in an occupational setting; the methodology underpins a freely available web-based application for exposure assessment, the Advanced REACH Tool (ART). The ART is a higher tier exposure tool that combines disparate sources of information within a Bayesian statistical...
article 2014
document
Schneider, T. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), Koponen, I.K. (author), Jensen, K.A. (author), Fransman, W. (author), van Duuren-Stuurman, B. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), Tielemans, E. (author)
As workplace air measurements of manufactured nanoparticles are relatively expensive to conduct, models can be helpful for a first tier assessment of exposure. A conceptual model was developed to give a framework for such models. The basis for the model is an analysis of the fate and underlying mechanisms of nanoparticles emitted by a source...
article 2011
document
Marquart, H. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Goede, H. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Warren, N. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Spaan, S. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There is a large variety of activities in workplaces that can lead to emission of substances. Coding systems based on determinants of emission have so far not been developed. In this paper, a system of Activity Classes and Activity Subclasses is proposed for categorizing activities involving chemical use. Activity Classes share their so-called ...
article 2011
document
Fransman, W. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Warren, N. (author), Goede, H. (author), Tielemans, E. (author)
This paper describes the development of the mechanistic model within a collaborative project, referred to as the Advanced REACH Tool (ART) project, to develop a tool to model inhalation exposure for workers sharing similar operational conditions across different industries and locations in Europe. The ART mechanistic model is based on a...
article 2011
document
Tielemans, E. (author), Warren, N. (author), Fransman, W. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), McNally, K. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Ritchie, P. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This paper provides an outline of the Advanced REACH Tool (ART) version 1.0 and a discussion of how it could be further developed. ART is a higher tier exposure assessment tool that combines mechanistically modelled inhalation exposure predictions with available exposure data using a Bayesian approach. ART assesses exposure for scenarios across...
article 2011
document
Tielemans, E. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Goede, H. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Warren, N. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present paper proposes a source-receptor model to schematically describe inhalation exposure to help understand the complex processes leading to inhalation of hazardous substances. The model considers a stepwise transfer of a contaminant from the source to the receptor. The conceptual model is constructed using three components, i.e. (i) the...
article 2008
document
Tielemans, E. (author), Warren, N. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Ritchie, P. (author), Goede, H. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of CHemicals) requires improved exposure models that can be incorporated into screening tools and refined assessment tools. These are referred to as tier 1 and 2 models, respectively. There are a number of candidate in tier 1 models that could be used with REACH. Tier 2 models, producing robust...
article 2007
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