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Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author)
This chapter discusses new societal risk due to the fast information and communication as well as operational technology changes which are not yet fully taken into account by governmental policymakers and egulators. Internet-of-things, cloud computing, mass consumer markets and embedded operational technologies are some of the areas outlined in...
conference paper 2019
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Nieuwenhuijs, A.H. (author), Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper describes a model for expressing critical infrastructure dependencies. The model addresses the limitations of existing approaches with respect to clarity of definition, support for quality and the influence of operating states of critical infrastructures and environmental factors.
conference paper 2009
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author)
This paper discusses critical infrastructures (CI) and their dependencies, with as central theme the hypothesis that a lack of CI situational awareness and protection in emergency management operations results in unnecessary amplification of the consequences. This paper discusses the hypothesis and findings along some well-known international...
conference paper 2009
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Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Nieuwenhuijs, A.H. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Most of our critical infrastructures consist of complex systems-of-systems that provide services or products. The coupling mechanism between the chained systems in such complex systems of systems is dependencies. Dependencies may propagate cascading failures. Most studies on dependencies in infrastructures are based on either an economic model...
conference paper 2008
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Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author), Delsasso, R. (author), Zomerhuis, A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
conference paper 2008
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Klaver, M.H.A. (author), Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Nieuwenhuijs, A.H. (author), Cavenne, F. (author), Ulisse, A. (author), Bridegeman, G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Most risk assessment methodologies aim at the risk at the level of an individual organization or company. The European Union commissioned a study to define the elements for a uniform and scalable risk assessment methodology which takes into account critical infrastructure dependencies across organizations and sectors. The method can be applied...
conference paper 2008
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Klaver, M.H.A. (author), Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Uneri, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
A Federation of Systems type system (FoS) is made of individual, independent systems, which are owned by different nations and organizations. To implement a FoS, a number of challenges are to be faced such as interoperability and security of FoS. NEC concept can only be achieved by a Federation of Systems type design approach.
conference paper 2007
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Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Modern societies are increasingly dependent on a set of critical products and services which comprise the Critical (Information) Infrastructure. Critical (Information) Infrastructures exist at different levels of scale, from services that are critical to local organisations and communities, to a single nation or to multiple nations. This paper...
conference paper 2005
document
Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Modern societies are increasingly dependent on a set of critical products and services which comprise the Critical Infrastructure (CI). This makes Critical infrastructures increasingly important as a planning factor in case of emergencies. For that reason, we studied a number of emergencies and a small set of local emergency plans from the...
conference paper 2005
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Klaver, M.H.A. (author), Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), TNO Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium (author)
Modern societies are increasingly dependent on a set of critical products and services which comprise the Critical Infrastructure (CI). Relatively well-known threats as well as the new terrorist threat increase the need for Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP). Using a methodological approach, The Netherlands determined its CI that consists...
conference paper 2004
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Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Burger, H.H. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author), TNO Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium (author)
Some sectors and parts of the Dutch national infrastructure are that essential to the Netherlands that serious disruption or even loss of service could lead to a severe impact to the Dutch society, government and industry as well as to those of neighbouring countries. Early 2002, the Dutch government started the Critical Infrastructure...
conference paper 2003
document
Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Burger, H.H. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author), TNO Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium (author)
Some sectors and parts of the Dutch national infrastructure are that essential to the Netherlands that serious disruption or even loss of service could lead to a severe impact to the Dutch society, government and industry as well as to neighbouring countries. Early 2002, the Dutch government started the critical infrastructure protection project...
conference paper 2003
document
Luiijf, H.A.M. (author), Klaver, M.H.A. (author), Huizenga, J. (author), van Till, J. (author), de Boer, R. (author), van de Sandt, C.H.C. (author), Pont, P.M. (author), TNO Fysisch en Elektronisch Laboratorium (author)
It is impossible to achieve a critical infrastructure that is secured for one hundred percent. One of the main conclusions of the KWINT study on the vulnerabilities of the (Netherlands section of the) Internet is that the aim of the Dutch Government should be to prevent incidents, to reduce critical infrastructure vulnerabilities to an...
conference paper 2001
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