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Grossiord, N. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Andriessen, H.A.J.M. (author), Blom, P.W.M. (author)
In the present review, the main degradation mechanisms occurring in the different layer stacking (i.e. photoactive layer, electrode, encapsulation film, interconnection) of polymeric organic solar cells and modules are discussed. Bulk and interfacial, as well as chemical and physical degradation mechanisms are reviewed, as well as their...
article 2012
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Angmo, D. (author), Gonzalez-Valls, I. (author), Veenstra, S. (author), Verhees, W. (author), Sapkota, S. (author), Schiefer, S. (author), Zimmermann, B. (author), Galagan, Y.O. (author), Sweelssen, J. (author), Lira-Cantu, M. (author), Andriessen, H.A.J.M. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Krebs, F.C. (author)
article 2013
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Trueba, A.T. (author), Radović, I.R. (author), Zevenbergen, J.F. (author), Kroon, M.C. (author), Peters, C.J. (author)
The kinetics of formation of H2-TBAB semi-clathrate hydrates was studied in this work in order to elucidate their potential for H2 storage. The influence of pressure (5-16 MPa), TBAB concentration (2.6 mol% and 3.7 mol%) and formation method (T-cycle method and T-constant method) on the hydrate nucleation, hydrate growth and H2 storage capacity...
article 2012
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Piters, A.J.M. (author), Boersma, K.F. (author), Kroon, M. (author), Hains, J.C. (author), van Roozendael, M. (author), Wittrock, F. (author), Abuhassan, N. (author), Adams, C. (author), Akrami, M. (author), Allaart, M.A.F. (author), Apituley, A. (author), Beirle, S. (author), Bergwerff, J.B. (author), Berkhout, A.J.C. (author), Brunner, D. (author), Cede, A. (author), Chong, J. (author), Clémer, K. (author), Fayt, C. (author), Frieß, U. (author), Gast, L.F.L. (author), Gil-Ojeda, M. (author), Goutail, F. (author), Graves, R. (author), Griesfeller, A. (author), Großmann, K. (author), Hemerijckx, G. (author), Hendrick, F. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Herman, J. (author), Hermans, C. (author), Hoexum, M. (author), van der Hoff, G.R. (author), Irie, H. (author), Johnston, P.V. (author), Kanaya, Y. (author), Kim, Y.J. (author), Klein Baltink, H. (author), Kreher, K. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), Leigh, R. (author), Merlaud, A. (author), Moerman, M.M. (author), Monks, P.S. (author), Mount, G.H. (author), Navarro-Comas, M. (author), Oetjen, H. (author), Pazmino, A. (author), Perez-Camacho, M. (author), Peters, E. (author), Du Piesanie, A. (author), Pinardi, G. (author), Puentedura, O. (author), Richter, A. (author), Roscoe, H.K. (author), Schönhardt, A. (author), Schwarzenbach, B. (author), Shaiganfar, R. (author), Sluis, W. (author), Spinei, E. (author), Stolk, A.P. (author), Strong, K. (author), Swart, D.P.J. (author), Takashima, H. (author), Vlemmix, T. (author), Vrekoussis, M. (author), Wagner, T. (author), Whyte, C. (author), Wilson, K.M. (author), Yela, M. (author), Yilmaz, S. (author), Zieger, P. (author), Zhou, Y. (author)
From June to July 2009 more than thirty different in-situ and remote sensing instruments from all over the world participated in the Cabauw Intercomparison campaign for Nitrogen Dioxide measuring Instruments (CINDI). The campaign took place at KNMI's Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) in the Netherlands. Its main...
article 2012
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de Lange-Brokaar, B.J.E. (author), Bijsterbosch, J. (author), Kornaat, P.R. (author), Yusuf, E. (author), Ioan-Facsinay, A. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Kroon, H.M. (author), Meulenbelt, I. (author), Bloem, J.L. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author)
Objective: To investigate patterns of MRI abnormalities in the patellofemoral (PFJ) and tibiofemoral joint (TFJ) and their association with radiographic progression, using hypothesis free analyses. Design: 205 patients from the GARP study with symptomatic OA at multiple sites (mean age 60 years, 80% woman, median BMI 26 kg/m2), underwent knee...
article 2016
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Vis, G.J. (author), Kasse, C. (author), Kroon, D. (author), Vandenberghe, J. (author), Jung, S. (author), Lebreiro, S.M. (author), Rodrigues, T. (author)
Quantification of sediment volumes in continental to deep ocean basins is key to understanding processes of sediment distribution in source-to-sink depositional systems. Using our own and published data we present the first quantification of sediment-volume changes in basins along the course of a major southwest European river during the...
article 2016
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Galagan, Y.O. (author), Rubingh, J.E.J.M. (author), Andriessen, H.A.J.M. (author), Fan, C.C. (author), Blom, P.W.M. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author)
The presence of a transparent conductive electrode such as indium tin oxide (ITO) limits the reliability and cost price of organic photovoltaic devices as it is brittle and expensive. Moreover, the relative high sheet resistance of an ITO electrode on flexible substrates limits the maximum width of a single cell. We have developed an alternative...
article 2011
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de Lange-Brokaar, B.J.E. (author), Ioan-Facsinay, A. (author), Yusuf, E. (author), Kroon, H.M. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Stojanovic-Susulic, V. (author), Nelissen, R.G. (author), Bloem, J.L. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author)
Objective: To investigate the course of synovitis on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images (CE-MRI) in osteoarthritic knees over 2 years, and its association with pain and cartilage deterioration. Design: Consecutive patients (n = 39, mean age 61 years, 79% woman, median (range) body mass index (BMI) 29 (24-48) kg/mm2) with clinical...
article 2016
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Kim, D.S. (author), Beerends, J.G. (author), Ghitza, O. (author), Kroon, P. (author), Rix, A. (author), TNO Informatie- en Communicatietechnologie (author)
article 2006
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Galagan, Y.O. (author), Coenen, E.W.C. (author), Zimmermann, B. (author), Slooff, L.H. (author), Verhees, W.J.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Jørgensen, M. (author), Krebs, F.C. (author), Andriessen, H.A.J.M. (author)
Indium-tin-oxide-free (ITO-free) polymer solar cells with composite electrodes containing current-collecting grids and a semitransparent poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) conductor are demonstrated. The up-scaling of the length of the solar cell from 1 to 6 cm and the effect of the grid line resistance are...
article 2014
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Rijsdijk, K.F. (author), Kroon, I.C. (author), Meijer, T. (author), Passchier, S. (author), van Dijk, T.A.G.P. (author), Bunnik, F.P.M. (author), Janse, A.C. (author)
Mapping the Middle to Upper Pleistocene Rhine-Meuse sequence in the southern North Sea based on new core and seismic data has allowed a detailed palaeoenvironmental re-assessment. An integrated seismo-lithostratigraphic and malacological biostratigraphic framework is correlated with the optically stimulated luminescence-dated Rhine-Meuse...
article 2013
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Meulenbelt, I. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author), Kroon, H.M. (author), Houwing-Duistermaat, J.J. (author), Garnero, P. (author), Hellio-Le Graverand, M.-P. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To assess the relationship of biochemical markers and radiographic signs of osteoarthritis (ROA) in the subjects with symptomatic osteoarthritis (OA) at multiple sites of the Genetics osteoARthritis and Progression (GARP) study. Methods: We have measured eight biochemical markers, representing tissue turnover of cartilage, bone,...
article 2007
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Veldman, D. (author), Ipek, Ö. (author), Meskers, S.C.J. (author), Sweelssen, J. (author), Koetse, M.M. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), van Bavel, S.S. (author), Loos, J. (author), Janssen, R.A.J. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
The electro-optical properties of thin films of electron donor-acceptor blends of a fluorene copolymer (PF10TBT) and a fullerene derivative (PCBM) were studied. Transmission electron microscopy shows that in these films nanocrystalline PCBM clusters are formed at high PCBM content. For all concentrations, a charge transfer (CT) transition is...
article 2008
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de Lange-Brokaar, B.J.E. (author), Ioan-Facsinay, A. (author), Yusuf, E. (author), Visser, A.W. (author), Kroon, H.M. (author), Andersen, S.N. (author), Herb-van Toorn, L. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Stojanovic-Susulic, V. (author), Bloem, J.L. (author), Nelissen, R.G.H.H. (author), Huizinga, T.W.J. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author)
Objective: To evaluate the association between synovitis on contrast enhanced (CE) MRI with microscopic and macroscopic features of synovial tissue inflammation. Method: Forty-one patients (mean age 60 years, 61% women) with symptomatic radiographic knee OA were studied: twenty underwent arthroscopy (macroscopic features were scored (0-4),...
article 2014
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Slooff, L.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Verhees, W. (author), Koster, L.J.A. (author), Galagan, Y. (author)
Solar cells are generally optimised for operation under AM1.5 100 mW cm-2 conditions. This is also typically done for polymer solar cells. However, one of the entry markets for this emerging technology is portable electronics. For this market, the spectral shape and intensity of typical illumination conditions deviate considerably from the...
article 2014
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de Lange-Brokaar, B.J.E. (author), Ioan-Facsinay, A. (author), Yusuf, E. (author), Visser, A.W. (author), Kroon, H.M. (author), van Osch, G.J.V.M. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Stojanovic-Susulic, V. (author), Bloem, J.L. (author), Nelissen, R.G.H.H. (author), Huizinga, T.W. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author)
Objective To determine possible patterns of synovitis on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (CE-MRI) and its relation to pain and severity in patients with radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods In total, 86 patients (mean age 62 years, 66% women, median body mass index 29 kg/m2) with symptomatic knee OA (Kellgren/Lawrence...
article 2015
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Fokker, P.A. (author), Muntendam-Bos, A.G. (author), Kroon, I.C. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
article 2007
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Galagan, Y.O. (author), de Vries, I.G. (author), Langen, A.P. (author), Andriessen, H.A.J.M. (author), Verhees, W.J.H. (author), Veenstra, S.C. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author)
In order to reach the objective of low-cost, large area organic photovoltaic systems, we build up a knowledge base concerning the influence of process conditions on the performance of polymer solar cells. A large area solar cell module, with roll-to-roll coated PEDOT:PSS and photoactive layers (based on P3HT:[C60]PCBM blend) on a flexible...
article 2011
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Muntendam-Bos, A.G. (author), Kroon, I.C. (author), Fokker, P.A. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
We introduce a novel, time-dependent inversion scheme for resolving temporal reservoir pressure drop from surface subsidence observations (from leveling or GPS data, InSAR, tiltmeter monitoring) in a single procedure. The theory is able to accommodate both the absence of surface subsidence estimates at sites at one or more epochs as well as the...
article 2008
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Veenstra, S.C. (author), Verhees, W.J.H. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Koetse, M.M. (author), Sweelssen, J. (author), Bastiaansen, J.J.A.M. (author), Schoo, H.F.M. (author), Yang, X. (author), Alexeev, A. (author), Loos, J. (author), Schubert, U.S. (author), Wienk, M.M. (author), TNO Industrie (author)
Photovoltaic properties of solution-processed semiconducting polymer blends have been studied. It is demonstrated that photoinduced charge transfer occurs in binary mixtures of poly[2-methoxy-5-(3,7-dimethyloctyloxy)-1,4-phenylenevinylene] (MDMO-PPV) and poly-[oxa-1,4-phenylene-(1-cyano-1,2-vinylene)-(2-methoxy-5-(3, 7-dimethyloctyloxy)-1,4...
article 2004
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