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Dorenkamper, M.S. (author), Wahed, A. (author), Kumar, A. (author), de Jong, M. (author), Kroon, J. (author), Reindl, T. (author)
An enormous area could potentially be unlocked, when more photovoltaic (PV) systems would be deployed on water bodies. Especially in densely populated areas this opens a pathway for PV to contribute to the energy transition in a large scale. Another potential benefit of floating PV (FPV) systems is that they can outperform conventional PV...
article 2021
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Thran, D. (author), Schering, K. (author), Schmieder, U. (author), Andersson, K. (author), Deane, P. (author), Dotzauer, M. (author), Hannula, I. (author), Henning, C. (author), Hoftberger, E. (author), Kiel, J. (author), Kranzl, L. (author), Kroon, P. (author), Lange, N. (author), Nielsen, M.P. (author), Norbeck, K. (author), Philbrook, A. (author), Rowe, I. (author), Schildhauer, T. (author), Schipfer, F. (author), Siikavirta, H. (author), Simila, L. (author), Talluri, G. (author)
This report compares eleven OECD members in their status and expectation on flexible bioenergy. This includes Australia, Austria, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States of America. The actual role of bioenergy in the different countries strongly varies between sectors and countries, from...
report 2021
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Kroon, P. (author), Plomp, A.J. (author)
The effect of potential policy measures to reduce the emissions of NOx and NH3 in several sectors has been analyzed and reported in this document for the Dutch government. In this background report of TNO the effect of four policy measures has been described, which all focus on the industrial sectors and energy sectors, such as electricity...
report 2021
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Meesters, K.P.H. (author), Abelha, P.M.R. (author), Kroon, P. (author), Saric, M. (author), Paz, L. (author), Vural Gursal, I. (author), van Groenestijn, J.W. (author)
Large quantities of biomass will be needed to feed the biobased economy. Use of crops and wood may cause (indirect) land use change related greenhouse gas emissions. Agro-residues could be an interesting alternative. However, several issues are hindering efficient application: high potassium and chlorine content and low bulk density are the most...
conference paper 2021
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Gursel, I.V. (author), Saric, M. (author), Kroon, P. (author), Paz, L. (author), Meesters, K. (author)
In this work package of CAPCOM-NL project, the full chain development is considered starting from raw material (agricultural crops and residues) and ending at final products (energy, bioethanol or biobased chemicals). The CAPCOM (Clean Agro Pellet COMmodity) is thereby an intermediate product that enables access of small scale biomass providers...
report 2021
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Abelha, P.M.R. (author), Kroon, P. (author), Paz, L. (author), Meesters, K. (author)
In this document, the process design for production of CAPCOM pellets is described. First, the operation units required to the process are identified and disposed in a logical order (Chapter 2). Second, the mass and energy balances are prepared (Chapter 3). Then the equipment is sized (Chapter 4).
report 2021
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Sommeling, P.M. (author), Liu, J. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author)
The IEC 61215 standard for PV modules requires a damp heat (DH) test (1000 h at 85°C, 85 % relative humidity). To have a better alignment with field observations extended and/or sequential testing protocols have been proposed, which involves for DH test a longer testing time under the same conditions. In this study small sized bifacial PV...
conference paper 2020
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Kroon, I.C. (author), Fokker, P.A. (author), Breunese, J.N. (author)
The proper management of subsidence hazards requires a procedure to formulate thresholds and measurement & control loops. Such a formulation should be adequate in terms of technical hazard and hazard perception, unambiguous, in plain language and preferably complying with national or international standards. The technical nature of subsidence...
conference paper 2020
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Plomp, A.J. (author), Kroon, P. (author)
report 2020
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Bos-Burgering, L. (author), Zaadnoordijk, W.J. (author), Vernes, R. (author), Engel, W. (author), Roelofs, G. (author), van der Veen, R. (author), Kroon, T. (author)
Rijkswaterstaat en de waterschappen maken samen met andere partijen in het Nederlandse waterbeheer op verschillende manieren gebruik van REGIS II, het hydrogeologische model van Nederland van TNO Geologische Dienst Nederland (TNO-GDN). Een belangrijke vorm van gebruik is in grondwatermodellen, zoals NHI-LHM, MORIA (rivierengebied) en AMIGO ...
report 2019
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Lauermann, I. (author), Salis, E. (author), Gerber, A. (author), Andreasen, J.E. (author), Gevorgyan, S.A. (author), Betts, T. (author), Blagovest, M. (author), Gottschalg, R. (author), Kodolbas, A.O. (author), Yilmaz, O. (author), Liedl, R. (author), Rennhofer, M. (author), Zamini, S. (author), Acciarri, M. (author), Binetti, S. (author), Lotter, E. (author), Bakker, K. (author), Kroon, J. (author), Soppe, W. (author), Razongles, G. (author), Mercaldo, L.V. (author), Roca, F. (author), Romano, A. (author), Ebinger, J.H. (author), Warta, W. (author), Balenzategui, J.L. (author), Trigo, J.F. (author), Neubert, S. (author), Schlatmann, R. (author), Pavanello, D. (author), Mullejans, H. (author)
Within the European FP7 project CHEETAH, a thin-film tandem solar cell round-robin proficiency test was conducted between 13 testing laboratories, plus the European Solar Test Installation (ESTI) of the European Commission's Joint Research Centre as reference laboratory. The purpose of this RR was to compare testing facilities and procedures of...
conference paper 2019
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Hanneke Duijnhoven, H.L. (author), Kroon, I.C. (author), Puck van den Brink, P.E. (author), Kerckhoffs, T. (author), Pompe, L. (author), Gooijer, L. (author)
Het Analistennetwerk Nationale Veiligheid (ANV) heeft van het ministerie van Economische Zaken en Klimaat (EZK) het verzoek gekregen om een verkennende analyse uit te voeren van de risico’s van de energietransitie voor de nationale veiligheid. Hierbij gaat het specifiek om de risico’s van het (op grote schaal) toepassen van alternatieve...
report 2019
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Sommeling, P. (author), Kroon, J. (author), Guillevin, N. (author), Okel, L. (author), Olson, C. (author)
The production of silicon feedstock and wafers is energy intensive and the costs of the wafers are a significant part of the total module costs. The application of thinner wafers and cells is a way to an improved environmental profile (lower CO2 footprint and energy payback time) and save Si material costs. We present here the results of a...
conference paper 2018
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Grootjes, A.J. (author), Vreugdenhil, B.J. (author), Aranda Almansa, G. (author), Kroon, P. (author)
Gasification is a thermochemical process which converts solid fuels into a gas with a useful heating value that can be further processed into a variety of products (heat, power, fuels and chemicals), thus creating smart market opportunities for the valorisation of low-value solid feedstock. As part of the work for development and...
report 2018
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Kroon, J.M. (author)
public lecture 2018
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Newman, B.K. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Guillevin, N. (author), Sommerling, P.M. (author), Gorris, M.J.A.A. (author), Eerenstein, W. (author), Ortiz Gonzales, J. (author)
Foil-based back contact module interconnection technology (FBC) is a versatile solution for high-performance all back contact modules. We exploit the advantages of FBC to make full size modules replacing Cu with lower cost Al. Characterization shows that these modules have excellent electrical performance and reliability. The pick and place...
conference paper 2018
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Kroon, J.M. (author), Newman, B.R. (author), Govaerts, J. (author), Voroshazi, E. (author), Borgers, T. (author)
In the evolution towards higher cell efficiencies, new cell concepts (twosided and back contacted) have been introduced and for each of these concepts, new module materials and interconnection technologies have to be developed to fulfil all the demands of a good end product in terms of lowest costs, highest yield and power and above all superior...
article 2018
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Hooijmeijer, P.A. (author), Kroon, E.J. (author), Bouma, R.H.B. (author), Duvalois, W. (author)
Tijdens een oefening in het Stroesche Zand (Gelderland) is een Nederlandse militair ernstig gewond geraakt door de ontbranding van een DM25 rookhandgranaat ter hoogte van zijn middel. Naar aanleiding van het ongeval is een Defensie Commissie van Onderzoek (CvO) ingesteld. De CvO heeft onder andere als doelstelling de mogelijke oorzaak van het...
report 2018
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Sommeling, P.M. (author), Kroon, J.M. (author), Lauermann, I. (author), Roca, F. (author), Bittkau, K. (author), Heisz, M. (author), van Nieuwenhuysen, K. (author), Danel, A. (author), Schmidt, M. (author), Gevorggyan, S. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
CHEETAH is an FP7 integrated research project on photovoltaics funded by the European Commission and was initiated by EERA PV. This project is structured into two type of activities: Coordinative and Support actions (CSA) and Joint Research activities (JRA). The CSA focuses on the creation of a long term collaborative platform by developing...
conference paper 2017
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Mioch, T. (author), Kroon, L. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
In the collaborative driving scenario of truck platooning, the first car is driven by its chauffeur and the next cars follow automatically via a so-called 'virtual tow-bar'. The chauffeurs of the following cars do not drive 'in the towbar mode', but need to be able to take back control in foreseen and unforeseen conditions. It is crucial that...
conference paper 2017
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