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(1 - 18 of 18)
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Fuijkschot, W.W. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Zethof, I.P.A. (author), Krijnen, P.A.J. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Niessen, H.W.M. (author), Smulders, Y.M. (author)
Background and Aims: Observational studies show a peak incidence in cardiovascular events during and early after clinical conditions associated with substantial systemic inflammation, such as pneumonia. The acuteness of this increased risk suggests rapid plaque destabilization and associated intraplaque inflammation. We evaluated whether...
article 2018
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Luque-Sierra, A. (author), Alvarez-Amor, L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Martín, F. (author), Varela, L.M. (author)
Scope: The present study investigates the effect of olive oils with different phenolic content in high-fat diets (HFDs) on hypertrophy and inflammation in adipose tissue and associated atherosclerosis, in the context of obesity. Methods and results: Ldlr−/−.Leiden mice were fed three different HFDs for 32 weeks and were compared with mice fed...
article 2018
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Salic, K. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Wu, L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Gjorstrup, P. (author), Kooistra, T. (author)
Background and aims Besides LDL-cholesterol, local vascular inflammation plays a key role in atherogenesis. Efficient therapies to treat the inflammatory component of the disease have not been established. The discovery of specialized inflammation-resolving mediators, such as resolvins may provide new opportunities for treatment. This study...
article 2016
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Fuijkschot, W.W. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), van der Linden, R. (author), Krijnen, P.A.J. (author), Zethof, I.P.A. (author), Theyse, L.F.H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Niessen, H.W.M. (author), Smulders, Y.M. (author)
Background and aims Observational studies show a peak incidence of cardiovascular events after major surgery. For example, the risk of myocardial infarction increases 25-fold early after hip replacement. The acuteness of this increased risk suggests abrupt enhancement in plaque vulnerability, which may be related to intra-plaque inflammation,...
article 2016
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Mulder, P. (author), Stavro, P.M. (author), Manuel Suárez, M. (author), Arola-Arnal, A. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Background and Aims As dietary saturated fatty acids are associated with metabolic and cardiovascular disease, a potentially interesting strategy to reduce disease risk is modification of the quality of fat consumed. Vegetable oils represent an attractive target for intervention, as they largely determine the intake of dietary fats. Furthermore,...
article 2015
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Morrison, M. (author), van der Heijden, R. (author), Heeringa, P. (author), Kaijzel, E. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Blomhoff, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Objective: Previous studies investigating flavanol-rich foods provide indications for potential cardioprotective effects of these foods, but the effects of individual flavanols remain unclear. We investigated whether the flavanol epicatechin can reduce diet-induced atherosclerosis, with particular emphasis on the cardiovascular risk factors...
article 2014
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Yakala, G.K. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Suarez, M. (author), Bunschoten, A. (author), van Golde, J.M. (author), Arola, L. (author), Keijer, J. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Heeringa, P. (author)
Scope: Dietary intake of cocoa and/or chocolate has been suggested to exhibit protective cardiovascular effects although this is still controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chocolate supplementation on metabolic and cardiovascular parameters. Methods and results: Four groups of ApoE*3Leiden mice were exposed to...
article 2013
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Morrison, M. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author), Kooistra, T. (author)
Objective: Polyphenols such as quercetin may exert several beneficial effects, including those resulting from anti-inflammatory activities, but their impact on cardiovascular health is debated. We investigated the effect of quercetin on cardiovascular risk markers including human C-reactive protein (CRP) and on atherosclerosis using transgenic...
article 2011
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van der Vries de Weij, J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Kooistra, T. (author)
The aim of this study was to define the anti-atherosclerotic role of liver-X-receptors (LXRs) under lesion progressive and lesion regressive conditions, to establish a temporal line of events, and to gain insights into the mechanisms underlying the anti-atherogenic potency of LXRs. We used apoE*3Leiden (E3L) mice to comprehensively and time...
article 2009
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Lindeman, J.H.N. (author), Abdul-Hussien, H. (author), Schaapherder, A.F.M. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), von der Thüsen, J.H. (author), Roelen, D.L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author)
Inflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of an AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm); however, the nature of the inflammatory factors and cellular response(s) involved in AAA growth is controversial. In the present study, we set out to determine the aortic levels of inflammatory cytokines in relation to downstream inflammatory transcription...
article 2008
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Kleemann, R. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
In the past few years, inflammation has emerged as a major driving force of atherosclerotic lesion development. It is now well-established that from early lesion to vulnerable plaque formation, numerous cellular and molecular inflammatory components participate in the disease process. The most prominent cells that invade in evolving lesions are...
article 2008
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Bernhagen, J. (author), Krohn, R. (author), Lue, H. (author), Gregory, J.L. (author), Zernecke, A. (author), Koenen, R.R. (author), Dewor, M. (author), Georgiev, I. (author), Schober, A. (author), Leng, L. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Fingerle-Rowson, G. (author), Ghezzi, P. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), McColl, S.R. (author), Bucala, R. (author), Hickey, M.J. (author), Weber, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The cytokine macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) plays a critical role in inflammatory diseases and atherogenesis. We identify the chemokine receptors CXCR2 and CXCR4 as functional receptors for MIF. MIF triggered G αi- and integrin-dependent arrest and chemotaxis of monocytes and T cells, rapid integrin activation and calcium influx...
article 2007
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Nikolsky, Y. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Smith, G.J. (author), Kaznacheev, V. (author), Nikolskaya, T. (author), Melnikov, A. (author), Hurt-Camejo, E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Increased dietary cholesterol intake is associated with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis development requires a lipid and an inflammatory component. It is unclear where and how the inflammatory component develops. To assess the role of the liver in the evolution of inflammation, we treated ApoE* 3Leiden mice with cholesterol-free ...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author)
AIM: This study was designed to investigate the effect of the angiotensin II receptor blocker olmesartan alone, or in combination with standard treatment with a statin, pravastatin, on atherosclerosis development in APOE*3Leiden transgenic mice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four groups of 15 mice received an atherogenic diet alone (plasma cholesterol 17...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), van Mierlo, G.J.D. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
BACKGROUND - Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is released from Gram-negative bacteria on multiplication or lysis, aggravates atherosclerosis in humans and rodents by inducing inflammation via toll-like receptors. Because apolipoprotein C-I (apoCI) enhances the LPS-induced inflammatory response in macrophages in vitro and in mice, we investigated...
article 2007
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Kooistra, T. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van der Vries de-Weij, J. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Toet, K. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - To demonstrate, quantify, and mechanistically dissect antiatherosclerotic effects of fenofibrate besides lowering plasma cholesterol per se. METHODS AND RESULTS - ApoE*3Leiden transgenic mice received either a high-cholesterol diet (HC) or HC containing fenofibrate (HC+FF) resulting in 52% plasma cholesterol-lowering. In a separate...
article 2006
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Burger-Kentischer, A. (author), Göbel, H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Zernecke, A. (author), Bucala, R. (author), Leng, L. (author), Finkelmeier, D. (author), Geiger, G. (author), Schaefer, H.E. (author), Schober, A. (author), Weber, C. (author), Brunner, H. (author), Rütten, H. (author), Ihling, C. (author), Bernhagen, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory response of the arterial wall to "injury", which is prominently driven by cytokines. The inflammatory mediator macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) is a unique cytokine that was recently associated with atherogenesis. Here, we have investigated whether MIF has a role in spontaneous atherosclerosis by...
article 2006
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), de Rooij, B.J. (author), Lindeman, J. (author), de Maat, M.M. (author), Szalai, A.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Inflammatory processes, aside from cholesterol, play a central role in atherogenesis. Human C-reactive protein (huCRP) signals systemic inflammation and independently predicts future cardiovascular risk. Cholesterol-lowering statins reduce atherosclerosis and plasma huCRP levels. Evidence is sought for a direct anti-inflammatory statin effect in...
article 2004
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