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Gaubius instituut TNO (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), van Vark, L.C. (author), van der Boom, H. (author), Hendriks, W.L. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is an important determinant for the uptake of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and emulsions by the liver, but the intracellular pathway of apoE following particle internalization is poorly defined. In the present study, we investigated whether retroendocytosis is a unique feature of apoE as compared with apoB by studying...
article 2000
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), van der Boom, H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author)
Previous studies with hypertriglyceridemic APOC3 transgenic mice have suggested that apolipoprotein C-III (apoC-III) may inhibit either the apoE-mediated hepatic uptake of TG-rich lipoproteins and/or the lipoprotein lipase (LPL)-mediated hydrolysis of TG. Accordingly, apoC3 knockout (apoC3-/-) mice are hypotriglyceridemic. In the present study,...
article 2001
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Schaap, F.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Vrins, C. (author), van der Vliet, H.N. (author), Chamuleau, R.A.F.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author)
ApoAV has been discovered recently as a novel modifier of triglyceride (TG) metabolism, but the pathways involved are currently unknown. To gain insight into the function of apoAV, adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of murine apoa5 to C57Bl/6 mice was employed. The injection of low doses of Ad-apoa5 (1-5 x 108 plaque-forming units/mouse) dose...
article 2004
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Goudriaan, J.R. (author), Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Teusink, B. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
The VLDL receptor (VLDLr) is involved in tissue delivery of VLDL-triglyceride (TG)-derived FFA by facilitating the expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL). However, vldlr-/- mice do not show altered plasma lipoprotein levels, despite reduced LPL expression. Because LPL activity is crucial in postprandial lipid metabolism, we investigated whether...
article 2004
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Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Chemicals / CAS: lipoprotein lipase, 83137-80-8, 9004-02-8; APOA5 protein, human; Apolipoproteins A; Apolipoproteins; Triglycerides
article 2005
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Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
An increasing body of evidence demonstrates a close interplay between lipoprotein metabolism and sepsis. Sepsis results in an increase of plasma triglycerides within VLDL as a consequence of an enhanced hepatic VLDL production and/or inhibited peripheral and hepatic VLDL clearance. In contrast, sepsis decreases plasma cholesterol within LDL and...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Gerritsen, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Kypreos, K.E. (author), Zannis, V.I. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author)
Adenovirus-mediated overexpression of human apolipoprotein E (apoE) induces hyperlipidemia by stimulating the VLDL-triglyceride (TG) production rate and inhibiting the LPL-mediated VLDL-TG hydrolysis rate. Because apoC-III is a strong inhibitor of TG hydrolysis, we questioned whether Apoc3 deficiency might prevent the hyperlipidemia induced by...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Goudriaan, J.R. (author), Bensadoun, A. (author), Bovenschen, N. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Vlijmen, B.J.M. (author)
The very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR), low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), and low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) are the three main apolipoprotein E-recognizing endocytic receptors involved in the clearance of triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins from plasma. Whereas LDLR deficiency in mice results in the...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Goudriaan, J.R. (author), den oer, M.A.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Febbraio, M. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author)
CD36 is involved in high-affinity peripheral FFA uptake. CD36-deficient (cd36-/-) mice exhibit increased plasma FFA and triglyceride (TG) levels. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the cause of the increased plasma TG levels in cd36-/- mice. cd36-/- mice showed no differences in hepatic VLDL-TG production or intestinal [3H]TG uptake...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Sundararaman, D. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Studies in humans and mice have shown that increased expression of apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I) results in combined hyperlipidemia with a more pronounced effect on triglycerides (TGs) compared with total cholesterol (TC). The aim of this study was to elucidate the main reason for this effect using human apoC-I-expressing (APOC1) mice. Moderate...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Teusink, B. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author)
Hepatic VLDL and glucose production is enhanced in type 2 diabetes and associated with hepatic steatosis. Whether the derangements in hepatic metabolism are attributable to steatosis or to the increased availability of FA metabolites is not known. We used methyl palmoxirate (MP), an inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyl transferase I, to acutely...
article 2005
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Westerterp, M. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - The role of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) in the development of atherosclerosis is still undergoing debate. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of human CETP expression on atherosclerosis in APOE*3-Leiden (E3L) mice with a humanized lipoprotein profile. METHODS AND RESULTS - E3L mice were crossbred with human CETP...
article 2006
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Berbée, J.F. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Schippers, E.F. (author), Kitchens, R.L. (author), van Dissel, J.T. (author), Bakker-Woudenberg, I.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Gram-negative sepsis is a major death cause in intensive care units. Accumulating evidence indicates the protective role of plasma lipoproteins such as high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in sepsis. It has recently been shown that septic HDL is almost depleted from apolipoprotein CI (apoCI), suggesting that apoCI may be a protective factor in sepsis....
article 2006
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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Reiss, P. (author), van der Valk, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Objective - The use of the HIV protease inhibitor ritonavir (RTV) is frequently associated with hypertriglyceridemia and lipodystrophy. The aim of our study was to determine the mechanism underlying the observed hypertriglyceridemia. Methods and Results - Feeding female APOE*3-Leiden transgenic mice a Western-type diet supplemented with RTV (35...
article 2006
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Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The prevalence of dyslipidemia and obesity resulting from excess energy intake and physical inactivity is increasing. The liver plays a pivotal role in systemic lipid homeostasis. Effective, natural dietary interventions that lower plasma lipids and promote liver health are needed. Objective: Our goal was to determine the effect of...
article 2006
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Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Chemicals / CAS: 2 methylpropanethioic acid s [2 [1 (2 ethylbutyl)cyclohexylcarboxamido]phenyl] ester, 211513-37-0; atorvastatin, 134523-00-5, 134523-03-8; nicotinic acid, 54-86-4, 59-67-6; torcetrapib, 262352-17-0; Carrier Proteins; CETP protein, human; Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins; Cholesterol Esters; Cholesterol, HDL; Glycoproteins;...
article 2006
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Westerterp, M. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Previous studies have shown that overexpression of human apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I) results in moderate hypercholesterolemia and severe hypertriglyceridemia in mice in the presence and absence of apoE. We assessed whether physiological endogenous apoC-I levels are sufficient to modulate plasma lipid levels independently of effects of apoE on...
article 2006
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Mooijaart, S.P. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), van Heemst, D. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), de Craen, A.J.M. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Westendorp, R.G.J. (author)
Background: The ε2, ε3, and ε4 alleles of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) encode three isoforms, apoE2, E3, and E4, respectively. The apoE isoforms circulate in different plasma concentrations, but plasma concentrations of the same isoform also differ between individuals. Whereas the isoforms have been associated with cardiovascular disease,...
article 2006
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Henneman, P. (author), Schaap, F.G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), van Tol, A. (author), Hattori, H. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The recently discovered apoAV is hypothesized to affect triglyceride metabolism by stimulating the lipolysis of triglycerides in VLDL and chylomicrons. We set out to determine the association between increased serum TG levels, plasma apoAV levels, and polymorphism of the APOA5 gene, with specific emphasis on the APOA5 S19W variation....
article 2007
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Westerterp, M. (author), van Eck, M. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) is expressed in the liver and in macrophages, and has several roles in lipid metabolism. Since macrophage apoCI expression might affect macrophage lipid homeostasis and atherosclerotic lesion development locally in the arterial wall, we investigated the effect of both systemic and macrophage apoCI on...
article 2007
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