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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Wang, Y. (author), Hu, L. (author), Espirito Santo, S.M.S. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Reiss, P. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The use of the HIV-protease inhibitor ritonavir (RTV) is associated with induction of hypertriglyceridemia, which is a cardiovascular risk factor. Therefore, we investigated the effect of RTV on atherosclerosis development in APOE*3-Leiden transgenic mice, a model for human-like lipoprotein metabolism and atherosclerosis. Methods and...
article 2010
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Berbé, J.F.P. (author), Coomans, C.P. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Timely sensing of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is critical for the host to fight invading Gram-negative bacteria. We recently showed that apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) (apoCI1-57) avidly binds to LPS, involving an LPS-binding motif (apoCI48-54), and thereby enhances the LPS-induced inflammatory response. Our current aim was to further elucidate the...
article 2010
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Bijland, S. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Maas, A.C.E. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha) activator fenofibrate efficiently decreases plasma triglycerides (TG), which is generally attributed to enhanced very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-TG clearance and decreased VLDL-TG production. However, because data on the effect of fenofibrate on VLDL production are...
article 2010
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Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The obesity epidemic is associated with an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular morbidity and various types of cancer. A better insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie adipogenesis and obesity may result in novel therapeutic handles to fight obesity and these associated diseases. Adipogenesis is determined by the...
article 2009
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Mol, I.M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonism has been shown to affect multiple steps in both the synthesis and catabolism of HDL, but its integrated effect on HDL metabolism in vivo remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the net effect of PXR agonism on HDL metabolism in ApoE*3-Leiden (E3L) and E3L.CETP mice, well-established models for...
article 2009
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de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Toet, K. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) adversely affects the plasma lipoprotein profile by increasing VLDL-cholesterol and decreasing HDL-cholesterol. The relative contribution of either of these changes to atherosclerosis development is not known. We investigated to what extent the increase in VLDL-cholesterol can explain the...
article 2009
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van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Lundholm, E. (author), Camejo, G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background and purpose: We have evaluated the effects of a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)α/γ agonist on the progression of pre-existing atherosclerotic lesions in APOE*3Leiden.cholesteryl ester transfer protein (E3L.CETP) transgenic mice. Experimental approach: E3L.CETP mice were fed a high-cholesterol diet for 11 weeks to...
article 2009
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Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Mooijaart, S.P. (author), de Craen, A.J.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Heemst, D. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Westendorp, R.G.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The high-density lipoprotein (HDL) constituent apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) protects mice against mortality in bacterial sepsis. We assessed whether high plasma apoCI levels protect against mortality from infection in humans. We determined plasma levels of apoCI, lipids, and C-reactive protein in 85-year-old participants of the prospective...
article 2008
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Schippers, E.F. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), van Disseldorp, I.M. (author), Versteegh, M.I.M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dissel, J.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Experimental models show that apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) binds and enhances the inflammatory response to endotoxin. We studied in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery (CPB) and experiencing endotoxemia during reperfusion whether plasma apoCI levels correlate with the inflammatory response and perioperative cytokine...
article 2008
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Gautier, T. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
BACKGROUND - Although cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibition is regarded as a promising strategy to reduce atherosclerosis by increasing high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, the CETP inhibitor torcetrapib given in addition to atorvastatin had no effect on atherosclerosis and even increased cardiovascular death in the recent...
article 2008
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Henneman, P. (author), Schaap, F.G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), van Tol, A. (author), Hattori, H. (author), Smelt, A.H.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The recently discovered apoAV is hypothesized to affect triglyceride metabolism by stimulating the lipolysis of triglycerides in VLDL and chylomicrons. We set out to determine the association between increased serum TG levels, plasma apoAV levels, and polymorphism of the APOA5 gene, with specific emphasis on the APOA5 S19W variation....
article 2007
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Westerterp, M. (author), van Eck, M. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Apolipoprotein CI (apoCI) is expressed in the liver and in macrophages, and has several roles in lipid metabolism. Since macrophage apoCI expression might affect macrophage lipid homeostasis and atherosclerotic lesion development locally in the arterial wall, we investigated the effect of both systemic and macrophage apoCI on...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
In addition to efficiently decreasing VLDL-triglycerides (TGs), fenofibrate increases HDL-cholesterol levels in humans. We investigated whether the fenofibrate-induced increase in HDL-cholesterol is dependent on the expression of the cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). To this end, APOE*3-Leiden (E3L) transgenic mice without and with the...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Gautier, T. (author), Tietge, U.J.F. (author), Boverhof, R. (author), Perton, F.G. (author), Le Guern, N. (author), Masson, D. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Lagrost, L. (author), Kuipers, F. (author)
The impact of apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I) deficiency on hepatic lipid metabolism was addressed in mice in the presence or the absence of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP). In addition to the expected moderate reduction in plasma cholesterol levels, apoCIKO mice showed significant increases in the hepatic content of cholesteryl esters (...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), van Mierlo, G.J.D. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
BACKGROUND - Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), which is released from Gram-negative bacteria on multiplication or lysis, aggravates atherosclerosis in humans and rodents by inducing inflammation via toll-like receptors. Because apolipoprotein C-I (apoCI) enhances the LPS-induced inflammatory response in macrophages in vitro and in mice, we investigated...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Westerterp, M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Delsing, D.J.M. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Mice that overexpress human apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I) homozygously (APOC1+/+ mice) are protected against obesity and show cutaneous abnormalities. Although these effects can result from our previous observation that apoC-I inhibits FFA generation by LPL, we have also found that apoC-I impairs the uptake of a FFA analog in adipose tissue. In...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Moen, C.J.A. (author), Tholens, A.P. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gargalovic, P. (author), Lusis, A.J. (author), van Dyk, K.W. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
The Hyplip2 congenic mouse strain contains part of chromosome 15 from MRL/MpJ on the BALB/cJ background. Hyplip2 mice show increased plasma levels of cholesterol and predominantly triglycerides (TGs) and are susceptible to diet-induced atherosclerosis. This study aimed at elucidation of the mechanism(s) explaining the hypertriglyceridemia....
article 2007
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Westerterp, M. (author), van der Hoogt, C.C. (author), de Haan, W. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Dallinga-Thie, G.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - The role of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) in the development of atherosclerosis is still undergoing debate. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of human CETP expression on atherosclerosis in APOE*3-Leiden (E3L) mice with a humanized lipoprotein profile. METHODS AND RESULTS - E3L mice were crossbred with human CETP...
article 2006
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Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Chemicals / CAS: 2 methylpropanethioic acid s [2 [1 (2 ethylbutyl)cyclohexylcarboxamido]phenyl] ester, 211513-37-0; atorvastatin, 134523-00-5, 134523-03-8; nicotinic acid, 54-86-4, 59-67-6; torcetrapib, 262352-17-0; Carrier Proteins; CETP protein, human; Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins; Cholesterol Esters; Cholesterol, HDL; Glycoproteins;...
article 2006
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Mooijaart, S.P. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), van Heemst, D. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), de Craen, A.J.M. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Westendorp, R.G.J. (author)
Background: The ε2, ε3, and ε4 alleles of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) encode three isoforms, apoE2, E3, and E4, respectively. The apoE isoforms circulate in different plasma concentrations, but plasma concentrations of the same isoform also differ between individuals. Whereas the isoforms have been associated with cardiovascular disease,...
article 2006
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