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Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author), Gielen, D.J. (author), Gerlagh, T. (author)
In recent years, the Western European MARKAL-model has been extended witha materials system module covering the whole life cycle 'from cradle to grave'. The model including energy and materials is called MATTER 1.0. This document describes a further extension with an agricultural model, called MATTER 2.0. Ten agricultural crop types are...
report 1999
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Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author), Gielen, D.J. (author), Groenendaal, B.J. (author)
MARKAL-MATTER model results regarding the impact of greenhouse gaspolicies on the petrochemical industry in Western Europe are discussed from an integrated chain perspective. The MARKAL-MATTER model gives insight how different technologies might develop in the next decades at different emission permit prices. First, the present situation in the...
report 1999
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Mooi, H.G. (author), Huibers, J.H.A.M. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
Crash compatibility of a car fleet can be attained by simultaneous optimization of the car structures for all crash scenarios, with respect to self and partner protection. In this paper the approach is illustrated using detailed three-dimensional rigid body car models of a Neon Chrysler and a Ford Taurus. Only frontal crashes were considered for...
conference paper 2000
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Lemmen, P.P.M. (author), TNO Wegtransportmiddelen (author)
The influence of car glazing on the safety of occupants and pedestrians is an important issue. Nearly half of the injuries during crashes are due to head injuries, from which a large portion is due to head contact with the windshield or side windows. In order to assess the behavior of windshields in impact, it is important that the fracture...
conference paper 2000
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van Heijningen, M. (author), Badaroglu, M. (author), Donnay, S. (author), Gielen, G.G.E. (author), de Man, H.J. (author)
More and more system-on-chip designs require the integration of analog circuits on large digital chips and will therefore suffer from substrate noise coupling. To investigate the impact of substrate noise on analog circuits, information is needed about digital substrate noise generation. In this paper, a recently proposed simulation methodology...
article 2002
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Gielen, T. (author), Hassanizadeh, S.M. (author), Leijnse, A. (author), Nordhaug, H.F. (author)
Current theories of multiphase flow rely on capillary pressure and saturation relationships that are commonly measured under static conditions. To incorporate transient behaviour, new multiphase flow theories have been proposed. These include an extended capillary pressure-saturation relationship that is valid under dynamic conditions. In this...
bookPart 2005
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Moreno, J.F. (author), Asner, G.P. (author), Bach, H. (author), Belenguer, T. (author), Bell, A. (author), Buschmann, C. (author), Calera, A. (author), Calpe, J. (author), Campbell, P. (author), Cecchi, G. (author), Colombo, R. (author), Corp, L.A. (author), Court, A.J. (author), Cutter, M.A. (author), Disney, M. (author), Dudelzak, A. (author), D'Urso, G. (author), Fernandes, R. (author), Flexas, J. (author), Gege, P. (author), Gielen, B. (author), Gitelson, A. (author), Gloor, E.U. (author), Gower, J. (author), Green, R.O. (author), Hill, J. (author), Jacquemoud, S. (author), Jia, L. (author), Kneubühler, M. (author), Laurila, T. (author), Lewis, P. (author), Lobb, D. (author), Magnani, F. (author), Maier, S.W. (author), Marek, M.V. (author), Martinez, A. (author), Martinez-Cobo, P. (author), Mazzinghi, P. (author), Menenti, M. (author), Merton, R. (author), Middleton, E. (author), de Miguel, E. (author), Miller, J. (author), Mohammed, G. (author), Milton, E.J. (author), Morales, F. (author), Moya, I. (author), Nedbal, L. (author), Knorr, W. (author), Ottlé, C. (author), Olioso, A. (author), Pace, S. (author), Palucci, A. (author), Pedros, R. (author), Peltoniemi, J. (author), Peñuelas, J. (author), Plaza, A. (author), Polcher, J. (author), Rascher, U. (author), Reuter, R. (author), Rosema, A. (author), Roujean, J.L. (author), Saito, Y. (author), Saugier, B. (author), Schaepman, M. (author), Serrano, J.B. (author), Settle, J.J. (author), Sierra, M. (author), Sobrino, J. (author), Stoll, M.P. (author), Bob Su, Z. (author), Tobehn, C. (author), Tremblay, N. (author), Valcke, R. (author), Verhoef, W. (author), Veroustraete, F. (author), Verstraete, M. (author), Zarco-Tejada, P. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
The FLuorescence EXplorer (FLEX) mission proposes to launch a satellite for the global monitoring of steady-state chlorophyll fluorescence in terrestrial vegetation. Fluorescence is a sensitive probe of photosynthetic function in both healthy and physiologically perturbed vegetation, and a powerful non-invasive tool to track the status,...
conference paper 2006
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A well known foam for naval sandwiches is PVC (polyvinyl chloride) foam. This foam exhibits elasto-damage behavior under tension and elasto-plastic behavior under compression. A proper material model is required for the prediction of the failure and post-failure behavior of these sandwiches during (indirect) underwater explosion loading and...
article 2008
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
conference paper 2008
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A well known foam for naval sandwiches is PVC (polyvinyl chloride) foam. This foam exhibits elasto-damage behavior under tension and elasto-plastic behavior under compression. A proper material model is required for the prediction of the failure and post-failure behavior of these sandwiches during (indirect) underwater explosion loading and...
article 2008
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Lesar, D.E. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
conference paper 2008
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Barink, M. (author), van de Brand, J. (author), van Mol, A.M.B. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
In order to study the electrical-thermo-mechanical interaction in OLEDs, finite element based simulation models were developed. Two dimensional models were used to study detailed design effects, such as the location of the bus bars, while a three dimensional model was used to study the effect of differences between the two and three dimensional...
conference paper 2009
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Kregting, R. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), van Driel, W. (author), Alkemade, P. (author), Miro, H. (author), Kamminga, J.-D. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Intrinsic stresses in bondpads may lead to early failure of IC's. In order to determine the intrinsic stresses in semiconductor structures, a new procedure is set up. This procedure is a combined experimental/numerical approach which consists of the following steps: First, a conductive gold layer (20 nm thickness) is deposited on the power line...
conference paper 2010
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Automotive electronics, solid-state-lighting, and solar cells need have to operate under harsh circumstances, either by the kind of environment they operate in, such as automotive electronics under the hood, or by the long durations of exposure. In both cases traditional lifetime assessment methods are failing: The accelaration factors, who are...
conference paper 2010
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Veninga, E.P. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
conference paper 2010
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Leal Penados, A. (author), Gielen, M. (author), Stappers, P.-J. (author), Jongert, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Health experts are worried about the increase in the number of overweight children and the decrease in activity levels among this age group. This project explores the possibilities of using interactive toys and social interaction in encouraging children to become more physically active. To arrive at the final concept, research was conducted into...
article 2010
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de Coninck, H.C. (author), Carbo, M.C. (author), Mikunda, T. (author), Schreck, B. (author), Gielen, D. (author), Zakkour, P. (author), Barker, D. (author), Brown, J. (author), Birat, J.P. (author)
The deployment of CCS in industry has a number of similar challenges as in the power industry. Unproven technology, increased energy use and the cost of innovative technology will hamper many projects. However, the heterogeneity of industrial processes means that certain early opportunities exist, whereby steams of near pure CO2 could be...
other 2010
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Yuan, C.A. (author), Kregting, R. (author), van Driel, W. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Xiao, A. (author), Zhang, G.Q. (author)
High Power RF electronics is one of the essential parts for wireless communication, including the personal communication, broadcasting, microwave radar, etc. Moreover, high efficient high power electronics has entered the ISM market, such as the power generator of microwave oven. Power electronics requires a close co-development of digital...
conference paper 2011
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Ye, H. (author), Sau, K. (author), van Zeijl, H. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Zhang, G. (author)
Recently, the high-brightness LEDs have begun to be designed for illumination application. The increased electrical currents used to drive LEDs lead to thermal issues. Thermal management for LED module is a key design parameter as high operation temperature directly affects their maximum light output, quality, reliability and life time. In this...
article 2011
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Yuan, C.A. (author), Kregting, R. (author), Ye, H. (author), van Driel, W. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Zhang, G.Q. (author)
Power electronics, such as high power RF components and high power LEDs, requires the combination of robust and reliable package structures, materials, and processes to guarantee their functional performance and lifetime. We started with the thermal and thermal-mechanical modeling of such component performances. With robust validation....
conference paper 2011
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