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Ye, H. (author), Mihailovic, M. (author), Wong, C.K.Y. (author), van Zeijl, H.W. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Zhang, G.Q. (author), Sarro, P.M. (author)
High Power Light Emitting Diode (HP LED) is one of the promising candidates for future lighting systems with efficient energy consumption. However, around 70% of the input power will be still transferred to heat. Recently, to obtain more light output, the increased electrical currents consequently cause more significant heat. To solve the...
article 2013
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Ye, H. (author), Koh, S.W. (author), Yuan, C. (author), van Zeijl, H. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Lee, S.W.R. (author), Zhang, G. (author)
The drive of increased electrical currents to achieve high luminous output for phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes (PW-LED) has led to a series of thermal problems. The light performance of PW-LED is affected by the heat generated by the two major sources in a package/module: chip(s) and phosphors. In this work, spectral shift and...
article 2014
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A well known foam for naval sandwiches is PVC (polyvinyl chloride) foam. This foam exhibits elasto-damage behavior under tension and elasto-plastic behavior under compression. A proper material model is required for the prediction of the failure and post-failure behavior of these sandwiches during (indirect) underwater explosion loading and...
article 2008
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van Heijningen, M. (author), Badaroglu, M. (author), Donnay, S. (author), Gielen, G.G.E. (author), de Man, H.J. (author)
More and more system-on-chip designs require the integration of analog circuits on large digital chips and will therefore suffer from substrate noise coupling. To investigate the impact of substrate noise on analog circuits, information is needed about digital substrate noise generation. In this paper, a recently proposed simulation methodology...
article 2002
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A well known foam for naval sandwiches is PVC (polyvinyl chloride) foam. This foam exhibits elasto-damage behavior under tension and elasto-plastic behavior under compression. A proper material model is required for the prediction of the failure and post-failure behavior of these sandwiches during (indirect) underwater explosion loading and...
article 2008
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Ye, H. (author), Sau, K. (author), van Zeijl, H. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Zhang, G. (author)
Recently, the high-brightness LEDs have begun to be designed for illumination application. The increased electrical currents used to drive LEDs lead to thermal issues. Thermal management for LED module is a key design parameter as high operation temperature directly affects their maximum light output, quality, reliability and life time. In this...
article 2011
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Wagner, T. (author), Beirle, S. (author), Benavent, N. (author), Bösch, T. (author), lok Chan, K. (author), Donner, S. (author), Dörner, S. (author), Fayt, C. (author), Frieß, U. (author), García-Nieto, D. (author), Gielen, C. (author), González-Bartolome, D. (author), Gomez, L. (author), Hendrick, F. (author), Henzing, B. (author), li Jin, J. (author), Lampel, J. (author), Ma, J. (author), Mies, K. (author), Navarro, M. (author), Peters, E. (author), Pinardi, G. (author), Puentedura, O. (author), Pukite, J. (author), Remmers, J. (author), Richter, A. (author), Saiz-Lopez, A. (author), Shaiganfar, R. (author), Sihler, H. (author), van Roozendael, M. (author), Wang, Y. (author), Yela, M. (author)
In this study the consistency between MAX-DOAS measurements and radiative transfer simulations of the atmospheric O 4 absorption is investigated on 2 mainly cloud-free days during the MAD-CAT campaign in Mainz, Germany, in summer 2013. In recent years several studies indicated that measurements and radiative transfer simulations of the...
article 2019
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Ye, H. (author), Chen, X. (author), van Zeijl, H. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Zhang, G. (author)
The diode forward voltage method with pulsed currents was widely used for monitoring junction temperature (Tj of light-emitting diodes (LEDs). However, a thermal transient effect (TTE) was observed by the pulsed currents and consequent errors were introduced. Thermoelectric physics was conducted to explain this phenomena and a group of...
article 2013
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Kreher, K. (author), van Roozendael, M. (author), Hendrick, F. (author), Apituley, A. (author), Dimitropoulou, E. (author), Friess, U. (author), Richter, A. (author), Wagner, T. (author), Lampel, J. (author), Abuhassan, N. (author), Ang, L. (author), Anguas, M. (author), Bais, A. (author), Benavent, N. (author), Bosch, T. (author), Bognar, K. (author), Borovski, A. (author), Bruchkouski, I. (author), Cede, A. (author), lok Chan, K. (author), Donner, S. (author), Drosoglou, T. (author), Fayt, C. (author), Finkenzeller, H. (author), Garcia-Nieto, D. (author), Gielen, C. (author), Gómez-Martín, L. (author), Hao, N. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Herman, J. (author), Hermans, C. (author), Hoque, S. (author), Irie, H. (author), Jin, J. (author), Johnston, P. (author), khayyam Butt, J. (author), Khokhar, F. (author), Koenig, T. (author), Kuhn, J. (author), Kumar, V. (author), Liu, C. (author), Ma, J. (author), Merlaud, A. (author), Mishra, A. (author), Müller, M. (author), Navarro-Comas, M. (author), Ostendorf, M. (author), Pazmino, A. (author), Peters, E. (author), Pinardi, G. (author), Pinharanda, M. (author), Piters, A. (author), Platt, U. (author), Postylyakov, O. (author), Prados-Roman, C. (author), Puentedura, O. (author), Querel, R. (author), Saiz-Lopez, A. (author), Schonhardt, A. (author), Schreier, S. (author), Sinha, V. (author), Spinei, E. (author), Strong, K. (author), Tack, F. (author), Tian, X. (author), Tiefengraber, M. (author), van Gent, J. (author), Volkamer, R. (author), Vrekoussis, M. (author), Wang, S. (author), Wang, Z. (author), Wenig, M. (author), Wittrock, F. (author), Xie, P. (author), Xu, J. (author), Yela, M. (author), Zhang, C. (author), Zhao, X. (author)
In September 2016, 36 spectrometers from 24 institutes measured a number of key atmospheric pollutants for a period of 17 d during the Second Cabauw Intercomparison campaign for Nitrogen Dioxide measuring Instruments (CINDI-2) that took place at Cabauw, the Netherlands (51.97-N, 4.93-E). We report on the outcome of the formal semi-blind...
article 2020
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Blechschmidt, A.M. (author), Arteta, J. (author), Coman, A. (author), Curier, L. (author), Eskes, H. (author), Foret, G. (author), Gielen, C. (author), Hendrick, F. (author), Parmentier, J. (author), Peters, E. (author), Pinardi, G. (author), Piters, A.J.M. (author), Plu, M. (author), Richter, A. (author), Segers, A.J. (author), Sofiev, M. (author), Valdebenito, A.M. (author), van Roozendael, M. (author), Vira, J. (author), Vlemmix, T. (author), Burrows, J.P. (author)
Multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) tropospheric NO2 column retrievals from four European measurement stations are compared to simulations from five regional air quality models which contribute to the European regional ensemble forecasts and reanalyses of the operational Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service ...
article 2020
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Kregting, R. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), van Driel, W. (author), Alkemade, P. (author), Miro, H. (author), Kamminga, J.-D. (author)
Intrinsic stresses in bondpads may lead to early failure of IC's. In order to determine the intrinsic stresses in semiconductor structures, a new procedure is set up. This procedure is a combined experimental/numerical approach which consists of the following steps: First, a conductive gold layer (20 nm thickness) is deposited on the power line...
article 2011
document
Tirpitz, J.L. (author), Frieß, U. (author), Hendrick, F. (author), Alberti, C. (author), Allaart, M. (author), Apituley, A. (author), Bais, A. (author), Beirle, S. (author), Berkhout, S. (author), Bognar, K. (author), Bösch, T. (author), Bruchkouski, I. (author), Cede, A. (author), Chan, K.L. (author), den Hoed, M. (author), Donner, S. (author), Drosoglou, T. (author), Fayt, C. (author), Friedrich, M.M. (author), Frumau, A. (author), Gast, L. (author), Gielen, C. (author), Gomez-Martín, L. (author), Hao, N. (author), Hensen, A. (author), Henzing, B. (author), Hermans, C. (author), Jin, J. (author), Kreher, K. (author), Kuhn, J. (author), Lampel, J. (author), Li, A. (author), Liu, C. (author), Liu, H. (author), Ma, J. (author), Merlaud, A. (author), Peters, E. (author), Pinardi, G. (author), Piters, A. (author), Platt, U. (author), Puentedura, O. (author), Richter, A. (author), Schmitt, S. (author), Spinei, E. (author), stein Zweers, D. (author), Strong, K. (author), Swart, D. (author), Tack, F. (author), Tiefengraber, M. (author), van der Hoff, R. (author), van Roozendael, M. (author), Vlemmix, T. (author), Vonk, J. (author), Wagner, T. (author), Wang, Y. (author), Wang, Z. (author), Wenig, M. (author), Wiegner, M. (author), Wittrock, F. (author), Xie, P. (author), Xing, C. (author), Xu, J. (author), Yela, M. (author), Zhang, C. (author), Zhao, X. (author)
The second Cabauw Intercomparison of Nitrogen Dioxide measuring Instruments (CINDI-2) took place in Cabauw (the Netherlands) in September 2016 with the aim of assessing the consistency of multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) measurements of tropospheric species (NO2, HCHO, O3, HONO, CHOCHO and O4). This was achieved...
article 2021
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Ye, H. (author), Sokolovskij, R. (author), van Zeijl, H.W. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Zhang, G. (author)
Solid State Lighting (SSL) systems, powered by light-emitting diodes (LEDs), are revolutionizing the lighting industry with energy saving and enhanced performance compared to traditional light sources. However, around 70%-80% of the electric power will still be transferred to heat. As the elevated temperature negatively affects the maximum...
article 2014
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Yuan, C.A. (author), Erinc, M. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author), van der Waal, A. (author), van Driel, W. (author), Zhang, K. (author)
Lighting is an advancing phenomenon both on the technology and on the market level due to the rapid development of the solid state lighting technology. The efforts in improving the efficacy of high brightness LED's (HB-LED) have concentrated on the packaging architecture. Packaging plays a significant role in reliability; not only on mechanical...
article 2011
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Leal Penados, A. (author), Gielen, M. (author), Stappers, P.-J. (author), Jongert, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Health experts are worried about the increase in the number of overweight children and the decrease in activity levels among this age group. This project explores the possibilities of using interactive toys and social interaction in encouraging children to become more physically active. To arrive at the final concept, research was conducted into...
article 2010
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Chasin, A. (author), Simoen, E. (author), Bhoolokam, A. (author), Nag, M. (author), Genoe, J. (author), Gielen, G. (author), Heremans, P. (author)
The first direct measurement is reported of the bulk density of deep states in amorphous IGZO (indium-gallium-zinc oxide) semiconductor by means of deep-level transient spectroscopy (DLTS). The device under test is a Schottky diode of amorphous IGZO semiconductor on a palladium (Pd) Schottky-barrier electrode and with a molybdenum (Mo) Ohmic...
article 2014
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Gielen, T. (author), Hassanizadeh, S.M. (author), Leijnse, A. (author), Nordhaug, H.F. (author)
Current theories of multiphase flow rely on capillary pressure and saturation relationships that are commonly measured under static conditions. To incorporate transient behaviour, new multiphase flow theories have been proposed. These include an extended capillary pressure-saturation relationship that is valid under dynamic conditions. In this...
bookPart 2005
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Gielen, A.W.J. (author), Mackenzie, F.O. Valega (author)
We have developed a multi-scale model, consisting of an atomistic model in LAMMPS of an InSb nanowire, and a continuum model in COMSOL of a socalled Majorana research device, to study the effects of thermo-mechanical deformations during the cool down from room temperature to the operating temperature of about 50 mK. For the simulation of the...
conference paper 2015
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Veninga, E.P. (author), Kregting, R. (author), van der Waal, A. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author)
The introduction of new materials or technologies can have an enormous impact on the Time to Market (TTM) of new products. Preferably, the performance of new materials or technologies is known before these are designed into a product. This paper presents a reliability assessment approach which has been developed with the aim to reduce the so...
conference paper 2013
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Fischer, H.R. (author), Nabi, H.S. (author), Weiss, L. (author), Gielen, A.W.J. (author)
Molding compounds are key materials to deliver well packaged reliable IC’s for demanding applications, such as automotive electronics. With shrinking sizes of IC’s and the increased requirements with respect to loading conditions, application environment and lifetime, the reliability of the packaging becomes increasingly important. The...
conference paper 2015
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