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Koivisto, A.J. (author), Pizzol, L. (author), Basei, G. (author), Zabeo, A. (author), Mackevica, A. (author), Hansen, S.F. (author), Gosens, I. (author), Cassess, F.R. (author), de Jong, W. (author), Koivisto, A.J. (author), Neubauer, N. (author), Sanchaz, J.A. (author), Semenzin, E. (author), Subramanian, V. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Jensen, K.A. (author), Wohlleben, W. (author), Stone, V. (author), Marcomini, A. (author)
The use of nano-scale copper oxide (CuO) and basic copper carbonate (Cu2(OH)2CO3) in both ionic and micronized wood preservatives has raised concerns about the potential of these substances to cause adverse humans health effects. To address these concerns, we performed quantitative (probabilistic) human health risk assessment (HHRA) along the...
article 2018
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Bekker, C. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Boessen, R. (author), Oerlemans, A. (author), Ottenbros, I.B. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author)
Background: Nano-specific inhalation exposure models could potentially be effective tools to assess and control worker exposure to nano-objects, and their aggregates and agglomerates (NOAA). However, due to the lack of reliable and consistent collected NOAA exposure data, the scientific basis for validation of the existing NOAA exposure models...
article 2017
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van Harmelen, T. (author), Zondervan-van den Beuken, E.K. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author), Kuijpers, E. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Buist, H.B. (author), Ligthart, T.N. (author), HincapiƩ, I. (author), Hischier, R. (author), Linkov, I. (author), Nowack, B. (author), Studer, J. (author), Hilty, L. (author), Som, C. (author)
The fast penetration of nanoproducts on the market under conditions of significant uncertainty of their environmental properties and risks to humans creates a need for companies to assess sustainability of their products. Evaluation of the potential benefits and risks to build a coherent story for communication with clients, authorities,...
article 2016
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Klein Entink, R.H. (author), Bekker, C. (author), Fransman, W.F. (author), Brouwer, D.H. (author)
article 2015
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Schinkel, J. (author), Richie, P. (author), Goede, H. (author), Fransman, W. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Warren, N. (author)
This article describes the structure, functionalities, and content of the Advanced REACH Tool (ART) exposure database (version 1.5). The incorporation of the exposure database into ART allows users who do not have their own measurement data for their exposure scenario, to update the exposure estimates produced by the mechanistic model using...
article 2013
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Marquart, H. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Goede, H. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Warren, N. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Spaan, S. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There is a large variety of activities in workplaces that can lead to emission of substances. Coding systems based on determinants of emission have so far not been developed. In this paper, a system of Activity Classes and Activity Subclasses is proposed for categorizing activities involving chemical use. Activity Classes share their so-called ...
article 2011
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van Tongeren, M. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Spankie, S. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Brouwer, D. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), Tielemans, E. (author)
The Advanced REACH Tool (ART) is an exposure assessment tool that combines mechanistically modelled inhalation exposure estimates with available exposure data using a Bayesian approach. The mechanistic model is based on nine independent principal modifying factors (MF). One of these MF is the substance emission potential, which addresses the...
article 2011
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Schinkel, J. (author), Warren, N. (author), Fransman, W. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), McDonnell, P. (author), Voogd, E. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Tielemans, E. (author)
The mechanistic model of the Advanced Reach Tool (ART) provides a relative ranking of exposure levels from different scenarios. The objectives of the calibration described in this paper are threefold: to study whether the mechanistic model scores are accurately ranked in relation to exposure measurements; to enable the mechanistic model to...
article 2011
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Cherrie, J.W. (author), MacCalman, L. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Tischer, M. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: In 1999, Cherrie carried out a series of mathematical simulations to investigate dispersion of pollutants through two indoor zones: the near-field (NF) and the far-field (FF). The results of these simulations were used to derive modifying factors for use in exposure modeling. However, in the original simulations, no account was taken...
article 2011
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Agostini, M. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Vocht, F.D. (author), Joode, B.V.W.D. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To assess dermal exposure to bitumen condensate among road pavers and indoor mastic workers in multiple crews using a semi-quantitative observational method [DeRmal Exposure Assessment Method (DREAM)].Methods: Two skilled observers assessed dermal exposure to bitumen condensate among 85 asphalt workers from 12 crews from nine...
article 2011
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Mc Donnell, P.E. (author), Schinkel, J.M. (author), Coggins, M.A. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), Tielemans, E.L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As it is often difficult to obtain sufficient numbers of measurements to adequately characterise exposure levels, occupational exposure models may be useful tools in the exposure assessment process. This study aims to refine and validate the inhalable dust algorithm of the Advanced REACH Tool (ART) to predict airborne exposure of workers in the...
article 2011
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Tielemans, E. (author), Warren, N. (author), Fransman, W. (author), van Tongeren, M. (author), McNally, K. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Ritchie, P. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This paper provides an outline of the Advanced REACH Tool (ART) version 1.0 and a discussion of how it could be further developed. ART is a higher tier exposure assessment tool that combines mechanistically modelled inhalation exposure predictions with available exposure data using a Bayesian approach. ART assesses exposure for scenarios across...
article 2011
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Meijster, T. (author), Fransman, W. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Heederik, D. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The main goal was to investigate the potential of a probabilistic approach for exposure assessment and use this information to evaluate the impact of a complex of policy actions/interventions on dermal exposure to antineoplastic agents among oncology nurses. The central theme of this study was to make optimal use of existing data,...
article 2006
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