Searched for:
(1 - 20 of 69)

Pages

document
Lippert, T. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), von Estorff, O. (author)
Sound produced by marine pile driving activities poses a possible risk to marine life. The assessment and mitigation of this risk requires a precise prediction of the expected levels. An analytical approach to estimate the radiated sound exposure levels is presented, based on the axial symmetry of the problem, resulting in damped cylindrical...
article 2018
document
von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Thomas, L. (author), Tyack, P.L. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
Passive acoustic monitoring with widely-dispersed hydrophones has been suggested as a cost-effective method to monitor population densities of echolocating marine mammals. This requires an estimate of the area around each receiver over which vocalizations are detected - the "effective detection area" (EDA). In the absence of auxiliary...
article 2018
document
Kastelein, R.A. (author), Helder-Hoek, L. (author), van de Voorde, S. (author), von Von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Jansen, E. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
In seismic surveys, reflected sounds from airguns are used under water to detect gas and oil below the sea floor. The airguns produce broadband high-amplitude impulsive sounds, which may cause temporary or permanent threshold shifts (TTS or PTS) in cetaceans. The magnitude of the threshold shifts and the hearing frequencies at which they occur...
article 2017
document
von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Wensveen, P.J. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author), Tyack, P.L. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
Ramp-up procedures are used to mitigate the impact of sound on marine mammals. Sound exposure models combined with observations of marine mammals responding to sound can be used to assess the effectiveness of ramp-up procedures. We found that ramp-up procedures before full-level sonar operations can reduce the risk of hearing threshold shifts...
bookPart 2016
document
Ainslie, M.A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author)
Because of the history of sonar and sonar engineering, the concept of “source level” is widely used to characterize anthropogenic sound sources, but is it useful for sources other than sonar transmitters? The concept and applicability of source level are reviewed for sonar, air guns, explosions, ships, and pile drivers. International efforts...
conference paper 2016
document
Erbe, C. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Racca, R. (author), Stocker, M. (author)
As concern about anthropogenic noise and its impacts on marine fauna is increasing around the globe, data are being compared across populations, species, noise sources, geographic regions, and time. However, much of the raw and processed data are not comparable due to differences in measurement methodology, analysis and reporting, and a lack of...
conference paper 2016
document
Sertlek, H.O. (author), Aarts, G. (author), Brasseur, S. (author), Slabbekoorn, H. (author), ten Cate, C. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
The European Union requires member states to achieve or maintain good environmental status for their marine territorial waters and explicitly mentions potentially adverse effects of underwater sound. In this study, we focused on producing maps of underwater sound from various natural and anthropogenic origins in the Dutch North Sea. The source...
bookPart 2016
document
de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Heinis, F. (author), Janmaat, J. (author)
The underwater sound produced during construction of the Port of Rotterdam harbor extension (Maasvlakte 2) was measured, with emphasis on the contribution of the trailing suction hopper dredgers during their various activities: dredging, transport, and discharge of sediment. Measured source levels of the dredgers, estimated source levels of...
bookPart 2016
document
Ainslie, M.A. (author), Leighton, T.G. (author)
The set of formulations commonly known as “the sonar equations” have for many decades been used to quantify the performance of sonar systems in terms of their ability to detect and ocalize objects submerged in seawater. The efficacy of the sonar equations, with individualterms evaluated in decibels, is well established in Earth’s oceans. The...
article 2016
document
Sertlek, H.Ö. (author), Binnerts, B. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
Sound mapping over large areas can be computationally expensive because of the large number of sources and large source-receiver separations involved. In order to facilitate computation, a simplifying assumption sometimes made is to neglect the sound speed gradient in shallow water. The accuracy of this assumption is investigated for ship...
article 2016
document
Wittekind, D. (author), Tougaard, J. (author), Stilz, P. (author), Dähne, M. (author), Clark, C.W. (author), Lucke, K. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Siebert, U. (author)
We estimated the long-range effects of air gun array noise on marine mammal communication ranges in the Southern Ocean. Air gun impulses are subject to significant distortion during propagation, potentially resulting in a quasi- continuous sound. Propagation modeling to estimate the received waveform was conducted. A leaky integrator was used as...
bookPart 2016
document
Dekeling, R. (author), Tasker, M. (author), Ainslie, M. (author), Andersson, M. (author), André, M. (author), Borsani, F. (author), Brensing, K. (author), Castellote, M. (author), Dalen, J. (author), Folegot, T. (author), van der Graaf, S. (author), Leaper, R. (author), Liebschner, A. (author), Pajala, J. (author), Robinson, S. (author), Sigray, P. (author), Sutton, G. (author), Thomsen, F. (author), Werner, S. (author), Wittekind, D. (author), Young, J.V. (author)
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive requires European member states to develop strategies for their marine waters leading to programs of measures that achieve or maintain good environmental status (GES) in all European seas by 2020. An essential step toward reaching GES is the establishment of monitoring programs, enabling the state...
conference paper 2016
document
Ainslie, M.A. (author), Leighton, T.G. (author)
A set of equations to describe the performance of sonar systems, collectively known as the “sonar equations”, was developed during and after the Second World War. These equations assumed that both the sonar equipment and the object to be detected (usually a submarine) would be submerged in one of Earth’s seas or oceans, and the efficacy of the...
conference paper 2015
document
Wensveen, P.J. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Tyack, P.L. (author), Miller, P.J.O. (author)
The behaviour of a marine mammal near a noise source can modulate the sound exposure it receives.We demonstrate that two long-finned pilot whales both surfaced in synchrony with consecutive arrivals of multiple sonar pulses. We then assess the effect of surfacing and other behavioural response strategies on the received cumulative sound exposure...
article 2015
document
Sivle, L.D. (author), Kvadsheim, P.H. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
For conservation purposes, it is important to evaluate potential population consequences of noise disturbance. Based on maximum reported sound levels of no response to sonar, a mathematical model is used to predict the potential risk to the population of herring (Clupea harengus) when these levels are exceeded. Results show that risk varies with...
article 2015
document
Colin, M.E.G.D. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Binnerts, B. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Karasalo, I. (author), Östberg, M. (author), Sertlek, H.O. (author), Folegot, T. (author), Clorennec, D. (author)
The SONIC (Suppression Of underwater Noise Induced by Cavitation) and AQUO (Achieve QUieter Oceans by shipping noise footprint reduction) projects were awarded within the European Seventh Framework Program to develop tools to investigate and mitigate the effects of underwater sound generated by shipping activities on marine life. Model generated...
conference paper 2015
document
von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Aarts, G. (author), Sertlek, H.O. (author), Lucke, K. (author), Verboom, W.C. (author), Kastelein, R.A. (author), Ketten, D.R. (author), van Bemmelen, R. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Kirkwood, R. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
(UXO) are still present in the North Sea. UXO are frequently accidentally encountered by fishermen and dredging vessels. Out of concern for human safety and to avoid damage to equipment and infrastructure from uncontrolled explosions, most reported UXO found in the Dutch Continental Shelf (DCS) are detonated in a controlled way. These underwater...
article 2015
document
van der Schaar, M. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Robinson, S.P. (author), Prior, M.K. (author), André, M. (author)
The growing scientific and societal concerns about the effects of underwater sound on marine ecosystems have been recently recognised through the introduction of several international initiatives, like the International Quiet Ocean Experiment, aimed at measuring the environmental impact of ocean noise on large spatial and temporal scales. From a...
article 2014
document
Ainslie, M.A. (author), Dahl, P.H. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Laws, R.M. (author)
Geometrical spreading laws are widely used in underwater acoustics because they provide - if chosen carefully - an accuracy that is sufficient for many applications (source characterisation, impact assessment, sound mapping, regulation) for negligible computation time. The simplest and most widely used form is that corresponding to spherical...
conference paper 2014
document
Sertlek, H.O. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
Accurate and fast estimation of propagation loss (PL) is needed for simulations of sonar or acoustic communication performance, and for environmental risk assessment. Accurate calculation of PL in range dependent and lossy waveguides can require computationally expensive wave theory techniques . In this work, a new propagation model is...
conference paper 2014
Searched for:
(1 - 20 of 69)

Pages