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Janssen, R.J.N. (author), Geers, L.F.G. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
conference paper 2022
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Brouwer, A.M. (author), Schaap, T. (author), Baardewijk, J.U. (author), Schadd, M.P.D. (author), Kamphuis, W. (author)
conference paper 2021
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Timmermans, R. (author), Kranenburg, R. (author), Hendriks, C. (author), Thürkow, M. (author), Kirchner, I. (author), van Pinxteren, D. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
In Eastern Germany winter episodes with PM10 exceedances of EU limit values are often connected to continental air masses, combining polluted air from Eastern Europe with air pollution from local urban sources. The EU air quality legislation requires the analysis of the contribution of such cross-boundary transport to exceedances for development...
conference paper 2020
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Schaap, T. (author), Wemmers, S. (author), Bakker, R. (author), Venrooij, W. (author), Koning, M. (author), Huis in 't Veld, M. (author), Pieneman, R. (author)
In this paper we introduce a first concept of the user-centric incident profile platform (UCIPP), which will aim to [in the future] connect data and provide insights using intelligent visualizations to support Real Time Intelligence Centers (RTIC) in the Netherlands. RTIC is a police department that provides additional safety information to...
conference paper 2020
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Theobald, M.R. (author), Vivanco, M.G. (author), Aas, W. (author), Adani, M. (author), Andersson, C. (author), Bessagnet, B. (author), Briganti, G. (author), Cappelletti, A. (author), Ciarelli, G. (author), Colette, A. (author), Couvidat, F. (author), Cuvelier, K. (author), D’Isidoro, M. (author), Fagerli, H. (author), Manders, A. (author), Mar, K. (author), Mircea, M. (author), Otero, N. (author), Pay, M.T. (author), Raffort, V. (author), Roustan, Y. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Tsyro, S. (author), Wind, P. (author)
Reliable estimates of atmospheric deposition of nitrogen and sulphur are essential for assessing the risks of eutrophication and acidification to sensitive ecosystems. Atmospheric chemistry and transport models are frequently used to provide these estimates. Several models could be used to estimate deposition rates and, therefore, it is...
conference paper 2017
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Albert, M.F.M.A. (author), Anguelova, M.D. (author), Manders, A.M.M. (author), Schaap, M. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author)
Satellite-based whitecap fraction (W) data have been used to predict sea spray aerosol (SSA) emission rates. This allows to evaluate how an account for natural variability of whitecaps in the W parameterization would affect SSA mass flux predictions when using a sea spray source function (SSSF) based on the whitecap method. Data set containing W...
conference paper 2017
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Kos, G.P.A. (author), Weijers, E.P. (author), Denier van der Gon, H. (author), Keuken, M.P. (author), Hoogerbrugge, R. (author), Schaap, M. (author), van der Swaluw, E. (author), Matthijssen, J. (author), Energieonderzoek Centrum Nederland (author)
• Focus of BOP II: 1/ Secondary Inorganic Aerosols (SIAs), 2/Carbonaceous material (EC/OC) and 3/ the origin of PM in the Netherlands • The Netherlands Research Programs on Particulate Matter (BOP I & II) are funded by the Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment • BOP programs provide policy-oriented research on PM10 and PM2.5 in...
conference paper 2012
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Mues, A. (author), Manders-Groot, A.M.M. (author), van Ulft, B. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Builtjes, P. (author)
The differences between air quality in urban and rural regions has been investigated for the current situation using both observations and modeling and also for future climate conditions.
conference paper 2012
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Curier, R.L. (author), Eskes, H. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Timmermans, R. (author), Segers, A. (author), Swart, D. (author)
Emission estimates from inverse modelling has drawn a lot of attention in the recent years. In this study we use OMI tropospheric NO2 columns to set up an inverse modeling method and estimate the NOx emission trends over Europe. In this paper, a case study to test the method and evaluate the scaling factors for the emission is presented....
conference paper 2011
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Timmermans, R.M.A. (author), Eskes, H. (author), Segers, A. (author), Curier, L. (author), Builtjes, P. (author), Swart, D. (author), Schaap, M. (author)
conference paper 2010
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Manders, A.M.M. (author), Schaap, M. (author), van Ulft, B. (author), van Meijgaard, E. (author)
conference paper 2010
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Schaap, T.W. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Brookhuis, K.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Driver distraction is caused by a competing activity and leads to unsafe driving. Mental workload changes with task demands and influences performance. Though distraction and mental workload are strongly related, they are not the same. Performance motivation and task engagement influence performance and consequently distraction but not workload;...
conference paper 2009
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Timmermans, R. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), Sc hoemaker, R.M. (author), Apituley, A. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Koelemeijer, R. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
conference paper 2009
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Duivenvoorden, K. (author), Schaap, N. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Feenstra, P. (author), van Arem, B. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), BenO DenV (author)
A green wave on a road enables a driver to negotiate a sequence of signalized intersections without hitting red. This is accomplished by the coupling of a series of signalized intersections. This is an advantage for driver comfort, for flow and safety on the road network, and for the environment. Providing speed advice may help the driver to...
conference paper 2008
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Visser, A. (author), Schaap, J.D. (author), Leijnse, T. (author), Broers, H.P. (author), Bierkens, M.F.P. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Degassing of groundwater by excess denitrification of agricultural pollution complicates the interpretation of 3H/3He data and hinders the estimation of travel times in nitrate pollution studies. In this study we used a two-phase flow and transport model (STOMP) to evaluate the method presented by Visser (2007a) to interpret degassed 3H/ 3He...
conference paper 2008
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Henzing, B. (author), Moerman, M.M. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), Schaap, M. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
conference paper 2008
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), Schaap, T.W. (author), van Arem, B. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author)
Many subtasks are relevant simultaneously when driving at urban intersections. Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) can support the driver in this complex task. For a well-guided development and evaluatoin process of ADAS, insight into how different driving tasks influence each other is needed. Earlier research has shown that the...
conference paper 2008
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Apituley, A. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Koelemeijer, R. (author), Timmermans, R. (author), Schoemaker, R.M. (author), de Leeuw, G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
To acquire daily estimates of PM2.5 distributions based on satellite data one depends critically on a well established relation between AOD and ground level PM2.5. In this study we aimed to experimentally establish the AOD-PM2.5 relationship for the Netherlands. For that purpose an experiment was set-up at the AERONET site Cabauw. The average...
conference paper 2008
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Schaap, T.W. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), van Arem, B. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), BenO DenV (author)
Computer based simulation models of human driving behaviour can be used effectively to model driving and behavioural adaptation to Intelligent Transport System (ITS). This can be a useful step in human centered design of ITS. To construct a comprehensive model of driving behaviour, the interaction between the three levels of the driving task has...
conference paper 2008
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Timmermans, R. (author), Schaap, M. (author), Tjemkes, S. (author), Builtjes, P. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
An observing system simulation experiment using a chemical transport model in support of the instrument specification definition for an UVS candidate instrument on board METEOSAT Third Generation geostationary satellites. © 2007 Optical Society of America.
conference paper 2007
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