Searched for: +
(1 - 20 of 220)

Pages

document
Brama, P.A.J. (author), Tekoppele, J.M. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Karssenberg, D. (author), Barneveld, A. (author), van Weeren, P.R. (author)
The aim of this study was to evaluate topographical differences in the biochemical composition of the extracellular matrix of articular cartilage of the normal equine fetlock joint. Water content, DNA content, glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content and a number of characteristics of the collagen network (total collagen content, levels of hydroxylysine-...
article 2000
document
Jansen, N.W.D. (author), Roosendaal, G. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective. Joint bleeding, or hemarthrosis, leads in time to severe joint damage. This study was carried out to test the in vitro thresholds of exposure time and concentration that lead to irreversible joint damage, to add to the discussion on the usefulness of aspiration of the joint after a hemorrhage. Methods. Explants of healthy human...
article 2007
document
Al-Lahham, S.H. (author), Peppelenbosch, M.P. (author), Roelofsen, H. (author), Vonk, R.J. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Undigested food is fermented in the colon by the microbiota and gives rise to various microbial metabolites. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), including acetic, propionic and butyric acid, are the principal metabolites produced. However, most of the literature focuses on butyrate and to a lesser extent on acetate; consequently, potential effects...
article 2010
document
Kienhuis, A.S. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Hoflack, J.C. (author), Moonen, E.J. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Sandwich-cultured primary rat hepatocytes are often used as an in vitro model in toxicology and pharmacology. However, loss of liver-specific functions, in particular, the decline of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme activity, limits the value of this model for prediction of in vivo toxicity. In this study, we investigated whether a hepatic in vitro...
article 2006
document
van Noort, J.M. (author), Bsibsi, M. (author), Gerritsen, W.H. (author), van der Valk, P. (author), Bajramovic, J.J. (author), Steinman, L. (author), Amor, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We present the first comparative analysis of serum immunoglobulinG reactivity profiles against the full spectrum of human myelin-associated proteins in multiple sclerosis patients and healthy control subjects. In both groups, serum antibodies display a consistent and prominent reaction to αB-crystallin (CRYAB) versus other myelin proteins. As an...
article 2010
document
Eefting, D. (author), Bot, I. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Schepers, A. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Inflammatory responses to vascular injury are key events in vein graft disease and accelerated atherosclerosis, which may result in bypass failure. The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CC-chemokine receptor (CCR)-2 pathway is hypothesized to play a central role. A murine model for vein graft disease was used to study the...
article 2009
document
Boelsma, E. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The general feeling of wellness after food consumption may play an important role in regulating food intake. This exploratory study aimed at identifying and evaluating measures of such postprandial wellness, tentatively defined as subjective appreciation of life after food intake. The study had a randomized cross-over, double blind design....
article 2010
document
Chen, C.-T. (author), Burton-Wurster, N. (author), Lust, G. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Tekoppele, J.M. (author)
The first objective of this study was to determine if the cumulative effects of impact or smoothly arising compression would damage the matrix of articular cartilage. Canine cartilage explants were subjected to repeated impacts or to smoothly arising compressions of as much as 20 MPa at 0.3 Hz for as long as 120 minutes. An increase in the water...
article 1999
document
Hogervorst, J.G.F. (author), Baars, B.-J. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Konings, E.J.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Since 2002, it is known that the probable human carcinogen acrylamide is present in commonly consumed carbohydrate-rich foods, such as French fries and potato chips. In this review, the authors discuss the body of evidence on acrylamide carcinogenicity from both epidemiological and rodent studies, including variability, strengths and weaknesses,...
article 2010
document
Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The obesity epidemic is associated with an increased incidence of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular morbidity and various types of cancer. A better insight into the molecular mechanisms that underlie adipogenesis and obesity may result in novel therapeutic handles to fight obesity and these associated diseases. Adipogenesis is determined by the...
article 2009
document
Wang, Y. (author), Xu, H. (author), Wei, X. (author), Chai, C. (author), Xiao, Y. (author), Zhang, Y. (author), Chen, B. (author), Xiao, G. (author), Ouwerkerk, P.B.F. (author), Wang, M. (author), Zhu, Z. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Monosaccharide transporters mediate the membrane transport of a variable range of monosaccharides, which plays a crucial role in sugar distribution throughout the plant. To investigate the significance of monosaccharide transporters for rice (Oryza sativa L.) seed development, cDNA of a new putative monosaccharide transporter gene OsMST4 was...
article 2007
document
Rubbens, M.P. (author), Mol, A. (author), Boerboom, R.A. (author), Bank, R.A. (author), Baaijens, F.P.T. (author), Bouten, C.V.C. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Tissue-engineered heart valves lack sufficient amounts of functionally organized structures and consequently do not meet in vivo mechanical demands. To optimize tissue architecture and hence improve mechanical properties, various in vitro mechanical conditioning protocols have been proposed, of which intermittent straining is most promising in...
article 2009
document
Coulier, L. (author), Bradley, E.L. (author), Bas, R.C. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C.M. (author), Driffield, M. (author), Harmer, N. (author), Castle, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) is an epoxide that is used as a starting substance in the manufacture of can coatings for food-contact applications. Following migration from the can coating into food, BADGE levels decay and new reaction products are formed by reaction with food ingredients. The significant decay of BADGE was demonstrated by...
article 2010
document
de Lange, M. (author), de Geus, E.J.C. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Meijer, P. (author), van Doornen, L.J.P. (author), Boomsma, D.I. (author), Snieder, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Differences in genetic influence on death from CHD between males and females have been reported. Haemostatic factors have consistently been associated with risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), but sex differences in genetic architecture have not been studied. This study in middle-aged twins investigates whether there are sex differences in...
article 2006
document
Wieringa, F.P. (author), Mastik, F. (author), Duncker, D.J.G.M. (author), Bogers, A.J.J.C. (author), van der Steen, A.F.W. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
article 2006
document
de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Mol, I.M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonism has been shown to affect multiple steps in both the synthesis and catabolism of HDL, but its integrated effect on HDL metabolism in vivo remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the net effect of PXR agonism on HDL metabolism in ApoE*3-Leiden (E3L) and E3L.CETP mice, well-established models for...
article 2009
document
de Roos, B. (author), Duivenvoorden, I. (author), Rucklidge, G. (author), Reid, M. (author), Ross, K. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Teusink, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2005
document
Oranje, A.P. (author), Verbeek, R. (author), Verzaal, P. (author), Haspels, I. (author), Prens, E. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Wet-wrap treatment (WWT) with diluted topical steroids is widely used in atopic dermatitis (AD). Mice with transgenic overexpression of human apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) in the liver and the skin are not only characterized by hyperlipidaemia and raised IgE levels, but also by pruritic dermatitis and a disturbed skin barrier function,...
article 2009
document
Bsibsi, M. (author), Persoon-Deen, C. (author), Verwer, R.W.H. (author), Meeuwsen, S. (author), Ravid, R. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are innate immunity receptors that are expressed on a wide range of cell types, including CNS glial cells. In general, TLR engagement by specific sets of microbial ligands triggers production of pro-inflammatory factors and enhances antigen-presenting cell functions. The functional roles of TLR in the CNS, however, are...
article 2006
document
Verschuur, M. (author), van der Beek, M.T. (author), Tak, H.S. (author), Visser, L.G. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The acute phase reaction is important in many disease processes. Habitual levels of the acute phase proteins fibrinogen, C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, but the dynamic variation of plasma levels of acute phase proteins may be of importance as well. The aim of...
article 2004
Searched for: +
(1 - 20 of 220)

Pages