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Jansen, H.W. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author)
Thecontributionofshippingnoisetothebackground noise in the seas can be estimated by shipping noise maps. Noise maps can be made by applying appropriate modeling tools for underwater sound propagation and ship source levels to information on the acoustic environment and on the ship traffic in the area of the map. The development of reliable source...
article 2017
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Bosschaart, C. (author), Jansen, H.W. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Basten, T. (author)
A concept for underwater machinery noise mitigation of future civil and military ships is the application of a common deck structure, supporting multiple machines, which is installed on resilient mounts on the ship's foundation structure. TNO is addressing the availability and testing of tools to be able to set realistic targets for the radiated...
conference paper 2017
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), Helder-Hoek, L. (author), van de Voorde, S. (author), von Von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), Jansen, E. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author)
In seismic surveys, reflected sounds from airguns are used under water to detect gas and oil below the sea floor. The airguns produce broadband high-amplitude impulsive sounds, which may cause temporary or permanent threshold shifts (TTS or PTS) in cetaceans. The magnitude of the threshold shifts and the hearing frequencies at which they occur...
article 2017
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Ainslie, M.A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author)
Because of the history of sonar and sonar engineering, the concept of “source level” is widely used to characterize anthropogenic sound sources, but is it useful for sources other than sonar transmitters? The concept and applicability of source level are reviewed for sonar, air guns, explosions, ships, and pile drivers. International efforts...
conference paper 2016
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Erbe, C. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Racca, R. (author), Stocker, M. (author)
As concern about anthropogenic noise and its impacts on marine fauna is increasing around the globe, data are being compared across populations, species, noise sources, geographic regions, and time. However, much of the raw and processed data are not comparable due to differences in measurement methodology, analysis and reporting, and a lack of...
conference paper 2016
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Thomsen, F. (author), Borsani, F. (author), Clarke, D. (author), de Jong, C. (author), de Wit, P. (author), Goethals, F. (author), Holtkamp, M. (author), Martin, E.S. (author), Spadaro, P. (author), van Raalte, G. (author), Victor, G.Y.V. (author), Jensen, A. (author)
The World Organization of Dredging Associations (WODA) has identified underwater sound as an environmental issue that needs further consideration. A WODA Expert Group on Underwater Sound (WEGUS) prepared a guidance paper in 2013 on dredging sound, including a summary of potential impacts on aquatic biota and advice on underwater sound monitoring...
conference paper 2016
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de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Heinis, F. (author), Janmaat, J. (author)
The underwater sound produced during construction of the Port of Rotterdam harbor extension (Maasvlakte 2) was measured, with emphasis on the contribution of the trailing suction hopper dredgers during their various activities: dredging, transport, and discharge of sediment. Measured source levels of the dredgers, estimated source levels of...
bookPart 2016
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Lippert, S. (author), Nijhof, M. (author), Lippert, T. (author), Wilkes, D. (author), Gavrilov, A. (author), Heitmann, K. (author), Ruhnau, M. (author), von Estorff, O. (author), Schäfke, A. (author), Schäfer, I. (author), Ehrlich, J. (author), MacGillivray, A. (author), Park, J. (author), Seong, W. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), de Jong, C. (author), Wood, M. (author), Wang, L. (author), Theobald, P. (author)
The prediction of underwater noise emissions from impact pile driving during near-shore and offshore construction activities and its potential effect on the marine environment has been a major field of research for several years. A number of different modeling approaches have been suggested recently to predict the radiated sound pressure at...
article 2016
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Bolle, L.J. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Bierman, S.M. (author), van van Beek, P.J.G. (author), Wessels, P.W. (author), Blom, E. (author), van Damme, C.J.G. (author), Winter, H.V. (author), Dekeling, R.P.A. (author)
Concern exists about the potential effects of pile-driving sounds on fish, but evidence is limited, especially for fish larvae. A device was developed to expose larvae to accurately reproduced pile-driving sounds. Controlled exposure experiments were carried out to examine the lethal effects in common sole larvae. No significant effects were...
conference paper 2016
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Dahl, P.H. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Popper, A.N. (author)
Impact pile driving is a method used to install piles for marine and inland water construction projects using high-energy impact hammers. The installation of hollow steel piles in this manner can produce extremely high sound levels in the surrounding waters (as well as in the air). Given the large-scale development of off€shore wind in European...
article 2015
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), Helder-Hoek, L. (author), Gransier, R. (author), Terhune, J.M. (author), Jennings, N. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author)
Acoustic mitigation devices (AMDs) are used to deter marine mammals from construction sites to prevent hearing injury by offshore pile-driving noise. In order to quantify the distance at which AMDs designed as ‘seal scarers’ are detected by seals, the 50% hearing thresholds for playbacks of their sounds were determined. The broadband hearing...
article 2015
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Jansen, H.W. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author)
The aim of the SONIC project is to develop tools to investigate and mitigate the effects of underwater noise generated by shipping. One way to study the contribution of shipping noise to the background noise in the seas is to produce shipping noise maps. The SONIC project delivers the required technical knowledge for noise mapping, based on a...
conference paper 2015
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Colin, M.E.G.D. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Binnerts, B. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Karasalo, I. (author), Östberg, M. (author), Sertlek, H.O. (author), Folegot, T. (author), Clorennec, D. (author)
The SONIC (Suppression Of underwater Noise Induced by Cavitation) and AQUO (Achieve QUieter Oceans by shipping noise footprint reduction) projects were awarded within the European Seventh Framework Program to develop tools to investigate and mitigate the effects of underwater sound generated by shipping activities on marine life. Model generated...
conference paper 2015
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), Hoek, L. (author), Gransier, R. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Terhune, J.M. (author), Jennings, N. (author)
Acoustic Mitigation Devices (AMDs) are used to deter marine mammals from construction sites, in order to prevent hearing injury by offshore pile driving noise. To estimate the distance at which two AMDs designed as ‘seal scarers’ (Ace Aquatec and Lofitech) are detected by harbor porpoises, the 50% hearing detection thresholds for playbacks of...
article 2015
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Vos, H.J. (author), van Neer, P.L.M.J. (author), Verweij, M.D. (author), de Jong, N. (author), Volker, A.W.F. (author)
Three-dimensional (3D) high resolution beamforming is made more difficult by high data rates. This can be overcome by two-step imaging approaches such as the synthetic aperture beamforming technique. In this technique the first step significantly reduces the data rate by line-based delay and sum, whereas the second stage recombines the data to a...
conference paper 2015
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Basten, T.G.H. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Graafland, F. (author), van 't Hof, J. (author)
Acoustic signatures make naval platforms susceptible to detection by threat sensors. The variable operational conditions and lifespan of a platform cause variations in the acoustic signature. To deal with these variations, a real time signature monitoring capability is being developed, with advisory tools for signature management. Such a...
conference paper 2015
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Fillinger, L. (author), Nijhof, M.J.J. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author)
A decade ago, TNO developed RASP (Rapid Acoustic Signature Prediction), a numerical model for the prediction of the target strength of immersed underwater objects. The model is based on Kirchhoff diffraction theory. It is currently being improved to model refraction, angle dependent reflection and transmission (possibly through anisotropic...
conference paper 2014
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Ainslie, M.A. (author), Dahl, P.H. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Laws, R.M. (author)
Geometrical spreading laws are widely used in underwater acoustics because they provide - if chosen carefully - an accuracy that is sufficient for many applications (source characterisation, impact assessment, sound mapping, regulation) for negligible computation time. The simplest and most widely used form is that corresponding to spherical...
conference paper 2014
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Fillinger, L. (author), Mantouka, A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Gloza, I. (author), Sanchez, A. (author), Moya, E. (author), Schael, S. (author), Lennartsson, T. (author), Petit, G. (author), Fardal, R. (author), Hasenpflug, H. (author), Beckers, A.L.D. (author)
SIRAMIS is a project coordinated by the European Defence Agency standing for Signature Response Analysis on Multi Influence Sensors. As most of the international trade is carried out through marine routes, it is important to evaluate the vulnerability of the merchant vessel fleet to sea mines in order to be able to limit the potential exposure...
conference paper 2014
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Colin, M.E.G.D. (author), Binnerts, B. (author), Ainslie, M.A. (author), Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Booth, C. (author), Bouton, N. (author), Harris, C.M. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Sertlek, H.O. (author), Slabbekoorn, H.W. (author)
There is an increasing concern that anthropogenic underwater noise may have a negative impact on marine life. Governmental authorities are introducing regulations to address this problem. The European Commission, for instance, has adopted the Marine Strategy Framework Directive requiring EU Member States to achieve or maintain Good Environmental...
conference paper 2014
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