International comparison of The Netherlands with respect to the decomposition of BERD intensity and trade competitiveness
This paper investigates the international competitiveness of economic sectors in the Netherlands by looking at two dimensions of competiveness of sectors: R&D investments and international trade. Business enterprise R&D expenditures (BERD) are a production factor input that potentially leads to higher productivity, economic growth and higher competiveness. Relative specialization in export of goods and services reveal international competiveness in sectors. This topical paper consists of two parts: one on the decomposition of the BERD intensity into intensity and structural effect and the other on international comparative advantage. In both cases, we compare and contrast the Netherlands with the group of OECD countries for which data were available.
Urban Mobility & Environment
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SPO - Strategy & Policy
ELSS - Earth, Life and Social Sciences
Environment & Sustainability
TNO Topical paper