Print Email Facebook Twitter Towards a climate-dependent paradigm of ammonia emission and deposition Title Towards a climate-dependent paradigm of ammonia emission and deposition Author Sutton, M.A. Reis, S. Riddick, S.N. Dragosits, U. Nemitz, E. Theobald, M.R. Tang, Y.S. Braban, C.F. Vieno, M. Dore, A.J. Mitchell, R.F. Wanless, S. Daunt, F. Fowler, D. Blackall, T.D. Milford, C. Flechard, C.R. Loubet, B. Massad, R. Cellier, P. Personne, E. Coheur, P.F. Clarisse, L. van Damme, M. Ngadi, Y. Clerbaux, C. Skjøth, C.A. Geels, C. Hertel, O. Kruit, R.J.W. Pinder, R.W. Bash, J.O. Walker, J.T. Simpson, D. Horváth, L. Misselbrook, T.H. Bleeker, A. Dentener, F. de Vries, W. Publication year 2013 Abstract Existing descriptions of bi-directional ammonia (NH3) land-atmosphere exchange incorporate temperature and moisture controls, and are beginning to be used in regional chemical transport models. However, such models have typically applied simpler emission factors to upscale the main NH3 emission terms. While this approach has successfully simulated the main spatial patterns on local to global scales, it fails to address the environment- and climate- dependence of emissions. To handle these issues, we outline the basis for a new modelling paradigm where both NH3 emissions and deposition are calculated online according to diurnal, seasonal and spatial differences in meteorology. We show how measurements reveal a strong, but complex pattern of climatic dependence, which is increasingly being characterized using ground-based NH3 monitoring and satellite observations, while advances in process-based modelling are illustrated for agricultural and natural sources, including a global application for seabird colonies. A future architecture for NH3 emission-deposition modelling is proposed that integrates the spatio-temporal interactions, and provides the necessary © 2013 The Author(s) Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved. Subject Earth & EnvironmentCAS - Climate, Air and SustainabilityEELS - Earth, Environmental and Life SciencesUrban DevelopmentClimate Emission EnvironmentBuilt EnvironmentAmmoniaAtmospheric modelingDepositionEmission To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:913a3565-65a4-4393-9c1a-3271d7cd0946 TNO identifier 473179 ISSN 0962-8436 Source Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 368 (1621) Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.