Mapping underwater sound in the Dutch part of the North Sea
ten Cate, C.
von Benda-Beckmann, A.M.
Popper, A.N. (editor)
Hawkins, A. (editor)
The European Union requires member states to achieve or maintain good environmental status for their marine territorial waters and explicitly mentions potentially adverse effects of underwater sound. In this study, we focused on producing maps of underwater sound from various natural and anthropogenic origins in the Dutch North Sea. The source properties and sound propagation are simulated by mathematical methods. These maps could be used to assess and predict largescale effects on behavior and distribution of underwater marine life and therefore become a valuable tool in assessing and managing the impact of underwater sound on marine life. © Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016.
Observation, Weapon & Protection Systems
To reference this document use:
AS - Acoustics & Sonar
TS - Technical Sciences
Defence, Safety and Security
Environmental impact assessment
Springer New York LLC, New York
The Effects of Noise on Aquatic Life II, 1001-1006
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology