Print Email Facebook Twitter Simulation of aerosol optical thickness during IMPACT (May 2008, the Netherlands) with ECHAM5-HAM Title Simulation of aerosol optical thickness during IMPACT (May 2008, the Netherlands) with ECHAM5-HAM Author Roelofs, G.-J. ten Brink, H. Kiendler-Scharr, A. de Leeuw, G. Mensah, A. Minikin, A. Otjes, R. TNO Bouw en Ondergrond Publication year 2010 Abstract In May 2008 the measurement campaign IMPACT for observation of atmospheric aerosol and cloud properties was conducted in Cabauw (The Netherlands). With a nudged version of the coupled aerosol-climate model ECHAM5-HAM we simulate aerosol and aerosol optical thickness (AOT) for the campaign period. Synoptic scale meteorology is represented realistically and simulated concentrations of aerosol sulfate and organics at the surface are generally within a factor of two from observed values. The monthly averaged AOT from the model is 0.33, about 20% larger than observed. For selected periods of the month with relatively dry and moist conditions discrepancies are approximately -30% and +15%, respectively. Discrepancies during the dry period are partly caused by inaccurate representation of boundary layer (BL) dynamics by the model affecting the simulated AOT. The model simulates too strong exchange between the BL and the free troposphere, resulting in weaker concentration gradients at the BL top than observed for aerosol and humidity, while upward mixing from the surface layers into the BL appears to be underestimated. The results indicate that beside aerosol sulfate and organics also aerosol ammonium and nitrate significantly contribute to aerosol water uptake. The relation between particle concentration and AOT is rather weak during IMPACT. The simulated day-to-day variability of AOT follows synoptic scale advection of humidity rather than particle concentration. Even for relatively dry conditions AOT appears to be strongly influenced by the diurnal cycle of RH in the lower boundary layer, further enhanced by uptake and release of nitric acid and ammonia by aerosol water. Subject Environmentaerosolatmospheric chemistryboundary layerclimate modelingnitric acidsimulationsulfatetroposphere To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:471541a0-7f0d-4688-9d27-78ead424f0eb TNO identifier 346411 ISSN 1680-7367 Source Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 10 (3), 5911-5945 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.