The transferability of primary child health care systems
de Lijster, G.
van Kesteren, N.
van Zoonen, R.
Blair, M. (editor)
Rigby, M. (editor)
Alexander, D. (editor)
There is considerable heterogeneity between primary care systems that have evolved in individual national cultural environments. MOCHA studied how the transfer of models or their individual components can be achieved across nations, using examples of combinations of settings, functions, target groups and tracer conditions. There are many factors that determine the feasibility of successful transfer of these from one setting to another, which must be recognised and taken into account. These include the environment of the care system, national policy making and contextual means of directing population behaviour – in the form of penalties and incentives, which cannot be assessed or expected to work by means of rational actions alone. MOCHA developed a list of criteria to assess transferability, summarised in a PIET-T process; that identifies key Population characteristics, Intervention content, Environment and Transfer. To explore the process and means of transferability, we obtained consensus statements from the researchers on optimum model scenarios, and conducted a survey of stakeholders, professionals and users of children’s primary care services that involved three specific health topics: vaccination coverage in infants, monitoring of a chronic or complex condition and early recognition of mental health problems. The results give insight into features of transferability –such as the availability and use of guidelines and formal procedures; the barriers and facilitators of implementation and similarities and differences between model practices and the existing model of child primary care in the country. We found that successful transfer of an optimal model is impossible without tailoring the model to a specific country setting. It is vital to be aware of the sensitivity of the population and environmental characteristics of a country before starting to change the system of primary care.
To reference this document use:
Model health services
Healthy for Life
Issues and Opportunities in Primary Health Care for Children in Europe: The Final Summarised Results of the Models of Child Health Appraised (MOCHA) Project, 331-344