Print Email Facebook Twitter Effects of high fat fish oil and high fat corn oil diets on initiation of AOM-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci in male F344 rats Title Effects of high fat fish oil and high fat corn oil diets on initiation of AOM-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci in male F344 rats Author Dommels, Y.E.M. Heemskerk, S. van den Berg, H. Alink, G.M. van Bladeren, P.J. van Ommen, B. Publication year 2003 Abstract Modulating effects of high fat fish oil (HFFO) and high fat corn oil (HFCO) diets on azoxymethane (AOM)-induced colonic aberrant crypt foci (ACF) were studied in male F344 rats following 8 weeks of dietary treatment. The incidence of AOM-induced ACF was significantly lower in the proximal colon of rats fed the HFFO diets compared with rats fed the HFCO diets. No differential effects were found on enzyme activities that are involved in metabolic activation and detoxification of AOM. Activities of hepatic P450 IAI and P450 IIBI and hepatic and feacal levels of lipid peroxidation were increased by feeding the HFFO diet. Hepatic GST activity and plasma levels of PGE2 were significantly lower in rats fed the HFFO diets compared with those fed the HFCO diets. These observations demonstrate that HFFO diets with high levels of n-3 PUFAs are also protective against preneoplastic lesions in the early stages of chemically induced colon carcinogenesis. It seems unlikely from our results that the inhibitory effect of a HFFO diet can be attributed to an altered metabolic activation and detoxification of AOM. Other mechanisms such as oxidative stress or reduction of PGE2 levels may play an important role in the anticarcinogenic effects of n-3 PUFAs. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Subject Nutrition BiologyPhysiological SciencesAberrant crypt fociCorn oilFish oilLipid peroxidationPGE2azoxymethanecorn oilcytochrome P450 1A1cytochrome P450 2B1fish oilliver enzymepolyunsaturated fatty acidprostaglandin E2animal experimentanimal modelanimal tissuearticleascending colonblood levelcancer incidencecancer preventioncolon carcinogenesiscontrolled studydetoxificationearly cancerenzyme activityfat intakefeedinglipid peroxidationmalemetabolic activationnonhumanoxidative stressratreductionspecies comparisonAnimalsAzoxymethaneBody WeightCarcinogensCecumChoristomaColonic DiseasesCorn OilDietDinoprostoneEatingEpithelial CellsFecesFish OilsLipid PeroxidationLiverMaleOrgan SizeRatsRats, Inbred F344Zea mays To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:3f587d84-eba5-4f8d-8df0-aa0e3df7a28a DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/s0278-6915(03)00201-1 TNO identifier 237453 ISSN 0278-6915 Source Food and Chemical Toxicology, 41 (12), 1739-1747 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.