Print Email Facebook Twitter Some effects of cognitive similarity on proactive and retriactive interference in short-term memory Title Some effects of cognitive similarity on proactive and retriactive interference in short-term memory Author Bunt, A.A. Sanders, A.F. Publication year 1972 Abstract An experiment is reported on the effects of cognitive similarity on proactive and retroactive interference (PI, RI) in short term memory. To avoid confounding between cognitive and acoustic similarity, the materials - i.e. words and digits - were matched with respect to vowel pattern. Effects of both PI and RI were found on recall of words, while recall of digits was only affected by RI. It is suggested that a string of digits can be more easily organised than a string of unconnected words. If this were true, PI would affect specific associative connections between successive items, whole RI would have a more aspecific disturbing influence with most effect on items of the same category. © 1972. Subject Psychologyarticlecognitionhearinghumaninhibition (psychology)short term memoryAuditory PerceptionCognitionHumanInhibition (Psychology)Memory, Short-Term To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:31ede58e-4433-40b3-afe1-94900a1a76cf TNO identifier 4371 Source Acta Psychologica, 36, 190-196 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.