Print Email Facebook Twitter Replacement stones for eocene sandy limestones in 13th-17th century dutch monuments Title Replacement stones for eocene sandy limestones in 13th-17th century dutch monuments Author Nijland, T.G. van Hees, R.P.J. Dubelaar, C.W. TNO Bouw en Ondergrond Publication year 2006 Abstract Especially in the western part of the Netherlands, Eocene sandy limestones from Belgium have elaborately been used in the construction of many 13th – 17th century monuments. These comprise both the Lede or Balegem stone from the Lede formation and the Gobertange stone from the Brussels formation. Over the centuries, both stones suffered serious damage in many monuments, manifest by typical black gypsum crusts. Whilst nowadays replacement with original stones would be favoured if enough material would be available, and is done at a small scale, several replacement stones have been used during end 19th and 20th century restorations. The typical white sandy limestones have been replaced by various French limestones, amongst them Anstrude, Brauvilliers, Coutarnoux, Euville, Faverolles, Massangis (Vaurion), Reffroy, Savonnières, St.-Joire, and St.-Pierre-Aigle. Recently, considerable amount of English Portland stone have been used. Subject Buildings and InfrastructureMaterialsBuilt Environment To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:ff3a56b4-9834-4524-a4db-74fd32844458 TNO identifier 331100 Source Geophysical Research Asbstracts, 8, 1-2 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.