Print Email Facebook Twitter The influence of chronic health problems and work-related factors on loss of paid employment among older workers Title The influence of chronic health problems and work-related factors on loss of paid employment among older workers Author Leijten, F.R.M. de Wind, A. van den Heuvel, S.G. Ybema, J.F. van der Beek, A.J. Robroek, S.J.W. Burdorf, A. Publication year 2015 Abstract Background With an ageing society and increasing retirement ages, it is important to understand how employability can be promoted in older workers with health problems. The current study aimed to determine whether (1) different chronic health problems predict transitions from paid employment to disability benefits, unemployment and early retirement, and (2) how work-related factors modify these associations. Methods Self-report questionnaire data was used from the Dutch longitudinal Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation with 3 years of follow-up (2010–2013), among employees aged 45–64 years (N=8149). The influence of baseline chronic health problems and work-related factors on transitions from paid employment to disability benefits, unemployment and early retirement during follow-up was estimated in a competing risks proportional hazards model. Relative excess risk of transitions due to the interaction between chronic health problems and work-related factors was assessed. Results Severe headache, diabetes mellitus and musculoskeletal, respiratory, digestive and psychological health problems predicted an increased risk of disability benefits (HR range 1.78–2.79). Circulatory (HR=1.35) and psychological health problems (HR=2.58) predicted unemployment, and musculoskeletal (HR=1.23) and psychological health problems (HR=1.57) predicted early retirement. Work-related factors did not modify the influence of health problems on unemployment or early retirement. Psychosocial work-related factors, especially autonomy, modified the influence of health problems on disability benefits. Specifically, among workers with health problems, higher autonomy, higher support and lower psychological job demands reduced the risk of disability benefits by 82%, 49%, and 11%, respectively. Conclusions All health problems affected disability benefits to a similar extent, but psychological health problems especially predicted unemployment and early retirement. For older workers with health problems, promoting an optimal work environment has the potential to contribute to sustainable employment. Subject LifeWHC - Work, Health and CareELSS - Earth, Life and Social SciencesWork and EmploymentWorkplaceHealthy Living To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:f4469535-aa05-42aa-af44-71c108ba37a1 DOI https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2015-205719 TNO identifier 528066 Source Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 69 (11), 1058-1065 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.