Print Email Facebook Twitter Context effects in short-term memory: Confirmatory evidence from recall of visually presented lists Title Context effects in short-term memory: Confirmatory evidence from recall of visually presented lists Author Bunt, A.A. Publication year 1976 Abstract Thirty-two subjects had tests of serial recall of visually presented nine-digit lists which were either presented in a single block of trials (constant context) or in between lists of much longer length (variable context). Other variables were vocalization-during-presentation versus silent memorization (within subject) and order of recall (between subjects). The results showed a negative effect of variable context on the penultimate serial positions in the case of silent memorization but not in the case of vocalization. Context had no effect on the first and middle parts of the list, which confirms earlier results with auditorily presented lists (Bunt 1976), but which disagrees with the original evidence from Crowder (1969). Subjects preferred forward recall in the case of silent memorization and echobox recall in the case of vocalization during presentation, irrespective of context. The results are discussed within the framework of the notion of precategorical acoustic storage (PAS) and of positional retrieval cues. The latter theory seems to provide a better and more comprehensive account Subject Psychologyarticlehumanmemoryrecallshort term memoryvisionHumanMemoryMemory, Short-TermMental RecallVisual Perception To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:f3825453-9d30-4079-a1e8-1390ee8eae9d TNO identifier 4735 Source Acta Psychologica, 40, 423-430 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.