Print Email Facebook Twitter Predictors of weight maintenance Title Predictors of weight maintenance Author Pasman, W.J. Saris, W.H.M. Westerterp-Plantenga, M.S. Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO Publication year 1999 Abstract Objective: To obtain predictors of weight maintenance after a weight-loss intervention. Research Methods and Procedures: An overall analysis of data from two-long intervention studies [n = 67 women; age: 37.9±1.0 years; body weight (BW): 87.0±1.2 kg; body mass index: 32.1±0.5 kg·m-2; % body fat: 42.4±0.5%]. Subjects were measured before a very low energy diet (month 0), after the very low energy diet of 2 months (month 2) and after a 14-month follow-up phase (at 16 months), in which fiber or a carbohydrate-containing food supplement was supplied. The baseline measurements and the changes in parameters induced by the diet intervention were used to predict the changes in BW in the follow-up phase [ABW(2-16)]. Results: Multiple regression analysis revealed that 50% (p<0.001) of the variability in weight regain could be explained by pphysiological and behavioral factors. These were: frequency of previous dieting (r2 = 0.27, p<0.05), hunger score (measured with the three-factor eating behavior questionnaire), and change in 24-hour resting metabolic rate (RMR). Frequent dieters showed significantly more weight regain than less frequent dieters (8.8±1.0 kg vs. 5.1±0.8 kg, p<0.01). Subjects having parents with obesity regained almost significantly more weight than subjects with lean parents (8.5±0.2 kg vs. 5.1±1.5 kg, respectively; p = 0.06). Discussion: Physiological (ΔRMR-24 hours) and behavioral factors (previous frequency of dieting and hunger score) predicted failure of weight maintenance and, as such, can be used to identify women who are at risk for weight regain. Copyright © 1999 NAASO. Subject NutritionDiet historyEating behaviorResting metabolic rateWeight regainAdultBody massBody weightCarbohydrate metabolismDietary fiberFeeding behaviorFemaleForecastingHumanIntervention studyLow calory dietMetabolismObesityParentPathophysiologyPhysiologyPsychological aspectQuestionnaireRegression analysisWeight gainWeight reductionAdultBody Mass IndexBody WeightCarbohydrate MetabolismDiet, ReducingDietary FiberFeeding BehaviorFemaleForecastingHumansIntervention StudiesObesityParentsQuestionnairesRegression AnalysisWeight GainWeight Loss To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:ed8527d7-d47f-4252-9c3a-f0494cf02e29 TNO identifier 41029 ISSN 1071-7323 Source Obesity Research, 7 (1), 43-50 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.