An extrahepatic receptor-associated protein-sensitive mechanism is involved in the metabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins
Gaubius instituut TNO
van Vlijmen, B.J.M.
van Berkel, T.J.C.
We have used adenovirus-mediated gene transfer in mice to investigate low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) and LDLR-related protein (LRP)- independent mechanisms that control the metabolism of chylomicron and very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) remnants in vivo. Overexpression of receptor- associated protein (RAP) in mice that lack both LRP and LDLR (MX1cre+LRP(flox/flox)LDLR(-/-)) in their livers elicited a marked hypertriglyceridemia in addition to the pre-existing hypercholesterolemia in these animals, resulting in a shift in the distribution of plasma lipids from LDL-sized lipoproteins to large VLDL-sized particles. This dramatic increase in plasma lipids was not due to a RAP-mediated inhibition of a unknown hepatic high affinity binding site involved in lipoprotein metabolism, because no RAP binding could be detected in livers of MX1cre+LRP(flox/flox)LDLR(-/-) mice using both membrane binding studies and ligand blotting experiments. Remarkably, RAP overexpression also resulted in a 7-fold increase (from 13.6 to 95.6 ng/ml) of circulating, but largely inactive, lipoprotein lipase (LPL). In contrast, plasma hepatic lipase levels and activity were unaffected. In vitro studies showed that RAP binds to LPL with high affinity (K(d) = 5 nM) but does not affect its catalytic activity, in vitro or in vivo. Our findings suggest that an extrahepatic RAP-sensitive process that is independent of the LDLR or LRP is involved in metabolism of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins. There, RAP may affect the functional maturation of LPL, thus causing the accumulation of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in the circulation. Chemicals/CAS: Cholesterol, 57-88-5; Chylomicrons; Detergents; Heymann Nephritis Antigenic Complex; LDL-Receptor Related Protein 1; Lipase, EC 188.8.131.52; Lipoprotein Lipase, EC 184.108.40.206; Membrane Glycoproteins; Polyethylene Glycols; Receptors, Immunologic; Receptors, LDL; Triglycerides; tyloxapol, 25301-02-4
To reference this document use:
Gene Transfer Techniques
Heymann Nephritis Antigenic Complex
LDL-Receptor Related Protein 1
Journal of Biological Chemistry, 274 (274), 35219-35226