Print Email Facebook Twitter Development of an example flow test object and comparison of five of these test objects, constructed in various laboratories Title Development of an example flow test object and comparison of five of these test objects, constructed in various laboratories Author Teirlinck, C.J.P.M. Bezemer, R.A. Kollmann, C. Lubbers, J. Hoskins, P.R. Fish, P. Fredfeldt, K.-E. Schaarschmidt, U.G. TNO Preventie en Gezondheid Publication year 1998 Abstract Doppler test objects are used to characterise Doppler systems, both stand-alone systems and the Doppler part of so-called duplex scanners. The aim of the project partially presented here is the development and validation of an example of a Doppler test object fulfilling the requirements of the IEC 1685. The project has been carried out by nine partners of five European countries and has been funded by the European Commission. The flow Doppler test object is composed of: tissue mimicking material (TMM), blood mimicking fluid (BMF), tube (embedded in the TMM and carrying the BMF), tank, flow system, including a pump and a flow meter. In the normative part of the IEC 1685, requirements are given for the values of acoustical parameters of TMM and BMF such as sound velocity, attenuation and backscattering. For BMF, requirements are given also for values of density and viscosity. In an informative (but not compulsory) annex, a description is given of a flow test object meeting these requirements as an example. This 'example test object' developed during the project is composed of TMM based on agar and including SiC-and Al2O3-powders, BMF based on nylon particles suspended in water and glycerine, and a tube of c-flex, a silicon copolymer. Two tube sizes are used: 4.0 mm ID and 8.0 mm ID. During the project, very precise recipes have been developed for the composition and preparation of both TMM and BMF. Based on these recipes and a description of the construction in a design five flow test objects have been constructed in the laboratories of five participants. The test objects have been compared by measurements of the physical parameters and by Doppler measurements of the five test objects with the same Doppler system. The measurements have been carried out by five observers. Inter-test object and inter-observer variabilities are determined, yielding information about usefulness of the parameters. © 1998 Elsevier Science B.V. Chemicals/CAS: Agar, 9002-18-0; Aluminum Oxide, 1344-28-1; Biocompatible Materials; C-Flex, 104521-01-9; Glycerol, 56-81-5; Nylons; Polyethylenes; Polystyrenes; Silicon, 7440-21-3 Subject HealthFlow Doppler test objectObserver variabilityStandardisation intercomparisonTest object variabilityDoppler effectStandardizationFlow Doppler test objectObserver variabilityUltrasonic equipmentC flexC-FlexPolyethylene derivativePolystyrene derivativeSiliconAcousticsChemistryComparative studyDoppler echographyDoppler flowmetryEquipment designFlow kineticsImage qualityInstrumentationObserver variationReproducibilityStandardAgarAluminum OxideBiocompatible MaterialsBloodBlood VesselsEquipment DesignEuropeGlycerolHumansInternational CooperationIntubationNylonsObserver VariationPhantoms, ImagingPolyethylenesPolystyrenesReproducibility of ResultsRheologySiliconUltrasonicsUltrasonography, DopplerUltrasonography, Doppler, DuplexVisceraViscosity To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:e589b04c-7dad-4f15-bab4-5b2d8cd2ad66 TNO identifier 234358 ISSN 0041-624X Source Ultrasonics, 36 (1-5), 653-660 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.