Print Email Facebook Twitter Implications for contrast as a result of the wind vector and non-stationary turbulence Title Implications for contrast as a result of the wind vector and non-stationary turbulence Author van Kooten, M.A.M. Doelman, N.J. Kenworthy, M. Contributor Schmidt, D. (editor) Schreiber, L. (editor) Close, L.M. (editor) Publication year 2018 Abstract In an adaptive optics (AO) system, finite time delays contribute a relatively large amount to the overall wavefront error. The temporal error, due to the time delays, adds to the speckle halo which is visible in the science plane of a high contrast imaging (HCI) instrument. The halo limits the inner working angle, preventing HCI from probing regions where we expect Earth-like planets. Our research focuses on understanding the non-stationary behavior of atmospheric turbulence and its effects on the temporal error and the contrast. The wind vector greatly influences the turbulence-induced wavefront phase error. In the framework of the von Karman power spectral density (PSD) of wavefront phase, the wind speed changes the cut-off frequency as well as the gain of the spectrum. We aim to understand the behavior of the wind vector on sub-second timescales using data from the Thirty Meter Telescope site testing campaign at Mauna Kea. The nocturnal measurements we study are from 287 nights throughout the years of 2006-2008, taken at a height of 7 m with a maximum sampling rate of 60 Hz. We first compare the observational PSD to the Kaimal PSD. We then present an expression for the observational PSD, a fit to a more general PSD similar to the Kaimal PSD, to describe the wind speed located at Area E (northern plateau) on Mauna Kea. Using the fitted PSD, we construct a fractionally integrated ARMA model that can be used to create an artificial wind speed time series to be fed into phase screen simulations to generate realistic wind-varying phase screens. We examine how the contrast, achieved by the AO system, varies with the wind fluctuations. Subject High Tech Systems & MaterialsElectronicsIndustrial InnovationAO controlNon-stationary turbulenceAtmospheric turbulenceErrorsOptical telescopesSpectral densityTime delayWavefrontsWind effectsAdaptive optics systemsHigh contrastNon-stationary behaviorPower spectral densities (PSD)Thirty Meter TelescopeWind modelingWind speed time seriesAdaptive optics To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:de439cc9-b908-4d14-9ac6-65ebe36a839e TNO identifier 842694 Publisher SPIE ISBN 9781510619593 ISSN 0277-786X Source Adaptive Optics Systems VI 2018, 10-15 June 2018, Austin, TX, USA, 10703 Article number 107032C Document type conference paper Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.