Print Email Facebook Twitter The Short- and Long-term Effects of Simple Behavioral Interventions for Nocturnal Enuresis in Young Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial Title The Short- and Long-term Effects of Simple Behavioral Interventions for Nocturnal Enuresis in Young Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial Author van Dommelen, P. Kamphuis, M. van Leerdam, F.J.M. de Wilde, J.A. Rijpstra, A. Campagne, A.E. Verkerk, P.H. TNO Kwaliteit van Leven Publication year 2009 Abstract Objective: To assess the short- and long-term effects of 3 simple behavioral interventions to overcome nocturnal enuresis in young children. Study design: We performed a randomized controlled trial in children aged four to five years with mono-symptomatic nocturnal enuresis (n = 570). The children were placed in one of four groups: (1) lifting to urinate and ask for a password; (2) the same as group 1, without a password; (3) using a reward system; or (4) a control group. Each participant was asked to carry out the appointed intervention for 6 months or until 14 consecutive dry nights occurred, which was the continence criterion. A follow-up was performed approximately 3 years after the study. Results: After 6 months, lifting the child to the toilet without the use of a password was the only intervention that resulted in significantly more dry children (37%) than the control group (21%). Three years later, both lifting groups had the highest (78%) and the control group the lowest (69%) percentage of dry children. Conclusions: The intervention lifting to urinate without the use of a password leads to more dry children compared with no active treatment in children aged 4 to 5 years with nocturnal enuresis. © 2009 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved. Subject HealthJeugd en Gezondheidarticlebehavior therapychildchild rearingclinical trialcontrolled clinical trialcontrolled studyfemalefollow upgeneral condition improvementhumanintervention studylong term caremajor clinical studymalemicturitionnocturnal enuresispreschool childpriority journalrandomized controlled trialrewardshort course therapytherapy effecttreatment outcometreatment response To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:d7d3c494-b077-4aaa-bdff-79bbf64aef6a DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpeds.2008.12.001 TNO identifier 241516 ISSN 0022-3476 Source Journal of Pediatrics, 154 (5) Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.