Print Email Facebook Twitter Determinants of activity-friendly neighborhoods for children: Results from the SPACE study Title Determinants of activity-friendly neighborhoods for children: Results from the SPACE study Author de Vries, S.I. Bakker, I. van Mechelen, W. Hopman-Rock, M. TNO Kwaliteit van Leven Publication year 2007 Abstract Purpose. To examine the association between children's physical activity and factors of the built environment. Design. Cross-sectional study. Setting. Ten neighborhoods in six cities in the Netherlands. Subjects. Four hundred twenty-two children (age range, 6-11 years; 49% male). Measures. Physical activity diary, neighborhood observations, and anthropometric measures. Analysis. Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses. Results. According to univariate analyses adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, and highest level of maternal education, physical activity (≥ 3 metabolic equivalents) was significantly (p < .05) associated with the proportion of green space, with the residential density, with the general impression of activity-friendliness of the neighborhood, and with the frequency of certain types of residences (e.g., terraced houses), sports fields, water, dog waste, heavy traffic, and safe walking and cycling conditions (e.g., cycle tracks and 30-km speed zones) in the neighborhood. According to adjusted multivariate analyses, physical activity was best predicted by the frequency of parallel parking spaces in the neighborhood and by the general impression of activity-friendliness of the neighborhood (R2 = 0.193). Conclusions. Children's physical activity is associated with certain modifiable factors of the built environment. Longitudinal studies should examine whether there is a causal relationship. Copyright © 2007 by American Journal of Health Promotion, Inc. Subject WorkplaceLeefomgeving en gezondheidManuscript format: researchOutcome measure: behavioralPhysical Activity, Environment Design, Children, Prevention ResearchResearch purpose: modeling/relationship testingSetting: local communityStudy design: nonexperimentalage distributionanthropometryarticlebody masschild carecommunity livingconstruction workcyclingdaily life activitydisease associationfemalegenderhousinghumanhuman experimentlinear regression analysislongitudinal studymalematernal careNetherlandsnormal humanobservationphysical activitypreschool childrisk factorschool childtrafficunivariate analysiswalkingActivities of Daily LivingAnthropometryBody Mass IndexChildChild BehaviorCross-Sectional StudiesEnvironment DesignFemaleGeographyHealth PromotionHumansLife StyleMaleMedical RecordsMotor ActivityNetherlandsResidence Characteristics To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:d5ea052e-ef88-4d9b-9646-bd01f3e342fa TNO identifier 239886 ISSN 0890-1171 Source American Journal of Health Promotion, 21 (4 SUPPL.), 312-316 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.