Print Email Facebook Twitter Infrastructure challenges caused by industrial transformation to achieve greenhouse gas eutrality, ammonia production in the Antwerp-Rotterdam-Rhine-Ruhr area Title Infrastructure challenges caused by industrial transformation to achieve greenhouse gas eutrality, ammonia production in the Antwerp-Rotterdam-Rhine-Ruhr area Author Ausfelder, F. van de Beek, F.G.A. Bhardwaj, R. Graf, F. Meinke-Hubeny, F. Lodewijks, P. Müller, S.A. Rijkers, M.C.M. Perez Sanchez, D. Ruf, J. Publication year 2021 Abstract Several pathways for potentially greenhouse gas neutral production of ammonia have been investigated compared to today's conventional ammonia production at chemical sites in Antwerp, Dormagen, and Geleen. These pathways include on-site water electrolysis using grid electricity, off-site production via water electrolysis using renewable electricity and supply of green hydrogen to the site, pyrolysis of natural gas and conventional ammonia production coupled with CO2-capture on-site and transport to a storage site. All pathways effectively eliminate scope 1 emissions present in conventional production but continue to emit scope 2 emissions from grid electricity consumption. Eventually, a coordinated industry-wide and cross-industry effort is needed to address the transformational changes and develop the common cross-border infrastructures. Subject Ammonia productionGreenhouse gas emissionsHydrogenIndustrial transformationInfrastructureEnvironment & SustainabilityIndustrial Innovation To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:c750a4c4-a41f-4bd3-b49a-c590cac656bf DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/cite.202000199 TNO identifier 957574 Publisher Wiley, New York City, NY, USA ISBN Urbanisation Source Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik, 93 (93), 373-389 Document type article Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.