Print Email Facebook Twitter Gamification for low-literates: Findings on motivation, user experience, and study design Title Gamification for low-literates: Findings on motivation, user experience, and study design Author Schouten, D.G.M. Pfab, I. Cremers, A.H.M. van Dijk, B. Neerincx, M.A. Publication year 2014 Abstract This study investigated the effects of the gamification elements of scaffolding, score and hints on the user enjoyment and motivation of people of low literacy. In a four-condition within-subjects experiment, participants per-formed mental spatial ability tests with the aforementioned elements. Quantitative results were inconclusive, but post-test interviews provided insights on the limited effectiveness of the gamification elements. Complex questionnaire wording, high task difficulty, and an improperly situated task environment all contributed to ceiling effects in the influence of scaffolding. Score was found to be ineffective without proper contextualization connecting the numerical score to clearer performance measures. Finally, the underused hints functionality has indicated the need for adequate 'mixed initiative' support. Subject Human PerformancesPCS - Perceptual and Cognitive SystemsELSS - Earth, Life and Social SciencesVirtual environments and GamingInformation SocietyGamificationLiteracyMotivationUser EnjoymentInteractive devicesScaffoldsContextualizationPerformance measureQuantitative resultSpatial abilitiesTask environment To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:c410139a-626e-4a3b-a979-86fefcfa2c79 DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08596-8_77 TNO identifier 513368 Publisher Springer Verlag ISBN 9783319085951 ISSN 1611-3349 Source 14th International Conference on Computers Helping People with Special Needs, ICCHP 2014, 9-11 July 2014, Paris, France, 8547 LNCS (PART 1), 494-501 Series Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) Document type conference paper Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.