Print Email Facebook Twitter Cyclist kinematics in car impacts reconstructed in simulations and full scale testing with Polar dummy Title Cyclist kinematics in car impacts reconstructed in simulations and full scale testing with Polar dummy Author van Schijndel-de Nooij, M. de Hair-Buijssen, S.H.H.M. Rodarius, C. Fredriksson, R. Publication year 2012 Abstract For the development of effective vehicle-related safety solutions to improve cyclist and pedestrian protection, essential information on impact locations, impact situations and cyclist and pedestrian kinematics in impacts with passenger cars is fundamental. Accidentology research showed that cyclists typically have a higher impact location, with a larger share of injuries from the windscreen area . Majority of accidents happened at crossroads (72% of the Dutch cases). The average car speed was 36 kph, the median bicycle speed 14 kph. A cyclist simulation study captured kinematics and injuries to head, torso, pelvis and legs for several human body sizes, bicycle types and generic car models. Six full-scale crash tests (passenger car versus cyclist or pedestrian (Polar II dummy) had as main parameters: head impact location (top of bonnet, windscreen, A-pillar), vehicle speed (40 kph) and dummy speed (15 kph). Accidentology, simulation and crash test data showed that the windscreen is a frequent head and torso impact location. Accidentology and crash testing showed that cyclist protection should address higher, more rearward locations in the windscreen area than pedestrian countermeasures. Head impact speeds for cyclists in testing were generally higher than for pedestrians. Subject Mechatronics, Mechanics & MaterialsIVS - Integrated Vehicle SafetyTS - Technical SciencesReliable Mobility SystemsTrafficMobilityAccidentologyCyclist and pedestrian kinematicsCyclist impact simulationsCyclist protectionPolar II crash testingVulnerable road user protection To reference this document use: http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:bf7bc810-b936-4d24-bee9-b9dea8485d7a TNO identifier 465829 Source 2012 International Research Council on the Biomechanics of Injury Conference, IRCOBI 2012, 12 - 14 September 2012, Dublin, Ireland, 800-812 Document type conference paper Files To receive the publication files, please send an e-mail request to TNO Library.